Gladenbach Uplands

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Gladenbach Uplands
Gladenbach (0003).jpg
View from the Dreisberg to the south of the village of Gladenbach
Highest point
Peak Angelburg
Elevation 609.4 m (1,999 ft)
Dimensions
Length 80 km (50 mi)
Area 780 km2 (300 sq mi)
Geography
State Middle Hesse (small elements also part of Wittgenstein Land, NRW)
Range coordinates 50°47′N 8°26′E / 50.79°N 8.43°E / 50.79; 8.43Coordinates: 50°47′N 8°26′E / 50.79°N 8.43°E / 50.79; 8.43
Parent range Westerwald, Rhenish Massif
Geology
Orogeny hills of the German Central Uplands
View of Bottenhorn in a small hollow (485 m) on the Bottenhorn Plateau. In the background is the Angelburg.

The Gladenbach Uplands (German: Gladenbach Uplands), named after their central town of Gladenbach, is a range of hills up to 609 m high in the Rhine Massif in Germany, on the junction of the Rothaar Mountains (north and northwest), Westerwald (southwest), (Eastern) Hintertaunus (in the south) and West Hesse Highlands in the east. It lies in Central Hesse within the districts of Marburg-Biedenkopf, Lahn-Dill and Gießen within the so-called Lahn-Dill-(Dietzhölze-) loop. Small parts of the Upper Lahn Valley in the northwest belong, together with the town of Bad Laasphe, also to the district of Siegen-Wittgenstein, North Rhine-Westphalia.

The Gladenbach Uplands are geographical unit 320 which is part of the natural region 32, the Westerwald, in the Germany's system of natural regions.


Rivers and streams[edit]

The natural regions mentioned above are generally divided between the catchment areas of the der Lahn and Dill tributaries and the landscapes separated by these rivers.

The most important watercourses, in addition to the boundary rivers of the Lahn, Dill and Dietzhölze – are the Aar, the Salzböde, the Perf sowie, and Allna.

The following rivers and streams are sorted in clockwise order i.e. down the Lahn and up the Dill, beginning with the upper reaches of the Lahn in the north and cover a catchment area of over 20 km²:[1]
(the natural regions are linked in the column of their most important river!)

to full list

Name
Parent
river
Length
[km]
Catchment-
area
[km²]
Drains
into
[l/s]
Mouth
elevation
[m above NN]
Natural regions
(heading downstream)
Roads
DGKZ
Diete Perf (l) 8,8 24,64 310 Breidenbach Bottom B 253 25814-6
Gansbach Perf (l) 11,1 23,17 349 Bottenhorn Plateaux,
Breidenbach Bottom
L 3042 25814-2
Perf Lahn (r) 20,0 113,13 1776 285 Bottenhorn Plateaux,
Breidenbach Bottom
L 3049,
B 253
258-14
Dautphe Lahn (r) 8,8 41,81 533 245 Bottenhorn Plateaux,
Upper Lahn Valley
B 453 258-16
Elnhauser Wasser Ohe (l) 5,9 24,25 171 195 Elnhausen-Michelbach Basin 258326-6
Ohe Allna (l) 11,5 44,28 337 195 Damshäuser Kuppen,
Elnhausen-Michelbach Basin
L 3387 25832-6
Allna Lahn (r) 19,1 92,02 665 172 Damshäuser Kuppen,
Elnhausen-Michelbach Basin
L 3387 258-32
Wenkbach Lahn (r) 7,2 20,77 107 168 Salzböde Valley,
Marburger Lahn Valley Basin
258-332
Salzböde Lahn (r) 27,6 137,85 1322 164 Zollbuche,
Salzböde Valley,
Krofdorf-Königsberg Forest,
Marburger Lahn Valley Basin
L 3050,
B 255,
L 3048
258-34
Vers Salzböde (r) 8,4 42,55 188 Salzböde Valley L 3061 25834-8
Bieber Lahn (r) 13,5 34,68 217 155 Krofdorf-Königsberg Forest,
Gießen Lahn Valley Basin
L 3474,
L 3286
258-394
Lemp Dill (l) 11,7 34,97 274 170 Krofdorf-Königsberg Forest,
Krofdorf-Königsberger/Hörre
L 3052 2584-92
Aar Dill (l) 20,6 148,76 1602 210 Niederweidbach Basin,
Hörre/Schelde Forest,
Lower Dill Valley
B 255 2584-6
Siegbach Aar (r) 12,2 28,67 260 Bottenhorn Plateaux,
Zollbuche
- / L 3050,
- / L 3049
25846-6
Schelde Dill (l) 12,0 35,03 426 221 Schelde Forest L 3042 2584-56
Dietzhölze Dill (l) 23,7 88,44 1431 233 Rothaar Mountains, Upper Dill Valley B 253 2584-4

The outer boundary of the Gladenbach Uplands is formed by the Lahn and Dill accompanied in the north (upper reaches of the Lahn) by the B 62, in the east by the B 3 Marburg-Gießen (mostly autobahn-like, clearly external in the Marburg area), in the east, south of the B 49 Gießen-Wetzlar (mostly autobahn-like) and in the southwest (lower reaches of the Dill) by the A 45. The Bundesstraße 253 Dillenburg-Biedenkopf (see above) roughly closes the remaining gap.

Waterbodies[edit]

The most important reservoir in the Gladenbach Uplands is the Aartalsee (57 ha, 270 m above NN) in the Niederweidbach Basin, followed by the Perf Reservoir (18 ha, 301 m) in the Breidenbach Bottom (Breidenbach Bottom).

Hills[edit]

The hills of the Gladenbach Uplands, arranged by ridge or natural region, include the following:
(Location of the natural regions with the Gladenbach Uplands and location of the hills within the natural region)

The Daubhaus (552 m, centre left) and the Allberg (528 m) at the far eastn edge of the Bottenhorn Plateaux. In the foreground is the Gladenbach village of Runzhausen
View looking past Gießen and the castles of Vetzberg (left) and Gleiberg (right) to the 498 m high Dünsberg
View from the B 255 of Gladenbach. Centre rear: the 357 m high Lammerich; left: northern foot of the 361 m high Kirchberg.
The lower Gansbach Valley near Frechenhausen. Background: the Schwarzenberg (Breidenbach Grund) and the Sackpfeife.
The 533 m high Schwarzenberg spurs of Nimerich and Friedensdorf. Rear right: the Biedenkopf and the 631 m high Sackpfeife spur of Hainpracht
  • Bottenhorn Plateaux - northwest of the centre
    • Angelburg (609 m) - west of the centre; occasionally counted as part of the Schelde Forest
      • Schmittgrund (590 m) - southern spur of the Angelburg, occasionally counted as part of the Schelde Forest
    • Mattenberg (578 m) - north west
    • Kurzbeul (566 m) - extreme west
    • Würgeloh (563,9 m) north Hartenrod / Bad Endbach
    • Madche (560 m) - northwest
    • Daubhaus (551,8 m) - extreme east, north of Rachelshausen
      • Allberg (528 m) - northeast of the Daubhaus
      • Hünstein (504 m) - north of the Allberg; not really an independent summit, but has an observation tower; gives its name to Holzhausen am Hünstein
    • Bolzeberg (520 m) - extreme northeast
    • Steffenberg (489 m) - extreme (west) north, gives its name to the municipality of Steffenberg
  • Schelde Forest (in the narrow sense) - west
    • Eschenburg (590 m NN) - north, above the Dietzhölze Valley (which lies to the northwest)
    • Hohe Koppe (540.2 m) - northeast
    • Stockseite (516 m) - east
  • Breidenbach Bottom - extreme north(west)
    • Hemmerichskopf (562 m) - western boundary with the Rothaar Mountains
    • Schwarzenberg (561 m) - northeast; centre eines großen zusammenhängendes Waldgebiet southwest of Biedenkopf and east of Breidenbach
      • Hachenberg (552 m) - northern subpeak
      • Nimerich (533 m) - southeastern subpeak; highest point in the municipality of Dautphetal
    • Schadenberg (545 m) - southwest of the centre
    • Galgenberg (541 m) - extreme southwest
    • Entenberg (535 m) - northwestern boundary zum Rothaar Mountains
  • Zollbuche - centre
    • Hirschhohl (503 m) - northweste boundary with the plateaux
    • Schönscheid (498 m) - west, northwest Günterod
    • Bad Endbacher Platte (up to 488 m) - centre
    • Hemmerich (475.7 m) - east; forms with Koppe and Dreisberg the eastern trio of hills of the Gladenbach Uplands
  • Damshäuser Kuppen - northeast
    • Rimberg (498 m) - east north; with observation tower
    • Kappe (494 m) - west north
    • Schweinskopf (472 m) - north west, near Dautphetal-Herzhausen
    • Eichelhardt (465 m) - northwest
    • Dusenberg (457 m) - extreme west, near Dautphetal-Herzhausen
    • Hornberg (451 m) - extreme northwest
    • Hungert (412 m) - extreme northeast; pyramidal Kuppe on the boundary with the Marburg Ridge
    • Auersberg (385 m) - east, between Elnhausen, Nesselbrunn and Dilschhausen
    • Donnerberg (370 m) - southeast, northeast of Gladenbach
  • Krofdorf-Königsberg Forest - south and southeast
    • Dünsberg (498 m) - east centre; volcanic singularity with Celtic excavation sites, TV transmission tower and observation tower
    • Altenberg (442 m) - northwest centre, observation tower
    • Ramsberg (ca. 435 m) - north; Hohensolms Castle
    • Forst Krofdorf (up to 357 m) - east; large contiguous forest region that links the Dünsberg to the east with the Lahn Valley
    • Königsstuhl (348 m) - south; one of the southernmost hills of the Gladenbach Uplands
  • Hörre - southwest
    • Alteburg (445 m) - in the centre
    • Roßberg (392 m) - northeast, south of Bischoffen
    • Koppe (354 m) - south, west of Kölschhausen
  • Niederweidbach Basin - south of the centre
    • Bergwald (im east up to 392 m) - east of the centre
  • Salzböde Valley - northeast, east and southeast of the centre
    • Kirchberg (362 m) - north, east of Gladenbach
    • Lammerich (357 m) - north, southwest of Gladenbach
View from the Hasenkopf looking west to the Tannenberg (left), the Großer Feldberg and the hills of the Gladenbach Uplands including the Dünsberg, Hemmerich, Angelburg, Daubhaus and Rimberg

References[edit]

  1. ^ River data from WRRL Hessen

Literature[edit]

  • Meynen, Emil (ed.): Handbuch der naturräumlichen Gliederung Deutschlands. Selbstverlag der Bundesanstalt für Landeskunde, Remagen, 1953-1962 (Part 1, contains issues 1-5), ISBN B0000BJ19E
  • Meynen, Emil (ed.): Handbuch der naturräumlichen Gliederung Deutschlands. Selbstverlag der Bundesanstalt für Landeskunde, Remagen, 1959-1962 (Part 2, contains issues 6-9), ISBN B0000BJ19F


External links[edit]