Köterberg, north side
|North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Germany|
The Köterberg, at 495.8 m (1,627 ft) above sea level, is the highest hill in the Lippe Uplands and lies on the state border between North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony in North Germany. On its northern slopes is the village of Köterberg.
The Köterberg is located in the centre of the Weser Uplands, towering high above the surrounding land northwest of the town of Höxter and south-southeast of Lügde within whose municipal area its summit lies.
Its peak and much of the crest lie within North Rhine-Westphalia. Only a very narrow tongue of land belongs to Lower Saxony, albeit reaching to the summit with its lower reaches lying mainly within the valley of a stream. At the western end of this strip of land the districts of Lippe, Höxter and Holzminden meet at the summit.
In the German Main Triangulation Network (Deutsches Hauptdreiecksnetz or DHDN) the Köterberg is a major triangulation station with the name Lügde, Köterberg. The area of the summit is only wooded to the north which is why the hill is easy to recognise from afar and offers good views (see below).
The Köterberg was already being mentioned in Lippe's boundary deeds in the 16th century. The Brothers Grimm called it the Götzenberg in their German Legends (Nos. 9, 20), because it was here that folk prayed to the gods of the heath. The Köterberg was also the setting for their fairy tale The Three Little Birds. Between 1796 and 1801 Karl Ludwig von Lecoq incorporated the Keutersberg as a triangulation point in his military-topographical surveys.
In 1831/32 the first solid structure appeared on the highest point of the hill: a 15½-foot (4.9 m) high tower as a category 1 triangulation mark. The Köterberg was a station in the Prussian semaphore system, which acted as a communication link between Berlin and Koblenz from 1832 to 1849. Since 1929 the Köterberghaus has stood on the summit. Two signs on the Köterberghaus give the height of the Köterberg, incorrectly, as 500 m AMSL. This error is often repeated in the advertising. Since 1971, a telecommunication tower has stood on the summit.
Today the Köterberg is sometimes referred to jokingly as Monte Wau-Wau.
The three different antenna towers on the hilltop are microwave radio relay stations, used for police, fire service and amateur radio relays as well as Bundeswehr communications. The 70 cm amateur radio relay station, DB0KB, works on a frequency of 439.425 MHz.
The relay coupling (Relaiskopplung) is out of service.
The U.S. Army Communications Engineering and Installation Agency (USACEIA) installed a transmission and radio facility here from May 1984 to May 1985.
Field of view
Because the extensive summit plateau on the Köterberg, which can be accessed via a cul-de-sac road from Lügde-Köterberg, is almost unforested, it has easily the best all-round views, not just of the border region of the above-mentioned federal states, but for example even as far as the Habichtswald and Kaufungen Forest in Northe Hesse and to the Harz mountains that stretch across Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.
The landmarks that can be seen include:
- Biesterfeld to the northwest
- Desenberg near Warburg
- the Harz mountains including the Brocken
- the Kaufungen Forest
- the High Habichtswald including the Hercules monument
- the Eggegebirge including the Externsteine
- the Teutoburg Forest including the Hermannsdenkmal
As a result of the good views and especially its open isolated location, in both respects similar to the Brocken in the Harz, the Köterberg gives the impression of being the highest point in the Weser Uplands, although the Solling is actually higher in four places (Große Blöße, Großer Ahrensberg, Moosberg and Vogelherd). The hills of the Solling are however all heavily wooded, very nondescript and, from a distance, indistinguishable. The Köterberg is therefore known as the "Brocken of the Weser Uplands".
In the summer months many bikers often meet on the summit at weekends to chit-chat which results in a considerable number of motorbikes in the car park. Likewise, keen cyclists also ride up the Köterberg. The road between the village of Köterberg and the summit has a maximum gradient of 14%. Radio hams use the peak because of it is an excellent site for transmission and reception. In the Köterberghaus is a restaurant.