Glossary of card game terms
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The following is a glossary of terms used in card games. Besides the terms listed here, there are thousands of common and uncommon slang terms. This is not intended to be a formal dictionary; precise usage details and multiple closely related senses are omitted here in favor of concise treatment of the basics.
A few games have enough of their own specific terminology to warrant their own glossaries:
- For Bridge, the Glossary of contract bridge terms which covers Contract bridge, Duplicate bridge, and Auction bridge; some of the terms are also used in Whist, Bid whist, and other trick-taking games.
- For Patience, the Glossary of Patience terms
- For Poker, the Glossary of poker terms
Terms in this glossary (unlike those above) should apply to a wide range of card games.
- See rank, below
- No relation to the player's chronological ages. See eldest and youngest for details.
- A court card is a King, Queen, or Jack (and a Knight, if a Tarot deck is being used)
- Verb: To distribute cards to players in accordance with the rules of the game being played. In many games, this involves taking all cards, shuffling them, and redistributing them, but in other games (such as Patience games) it simply involves turning over the Waste to act as a new Stock.
- Noun: The play from the time the cards are dealt until they are redealt. Also referred to as a hand
- The person whose turn and responsibility it is to deal the cards (even though this player may delegate the actual dealing to another). Give Alice the cards, she's the dealer.
- May refer either to the pack or the stock
- Another name for the rank 2 cards (see rank, below)
- A card that is dealt face down.
- The first player to play in the round. In English-speaking countries, this is usually the player to the left of the dealer
- face card
- See court.
- The cards held by one player
- The player holding the cards, as in "Third hand bid 1♠."
- Synonymous with the noun usage of deal
- in turn
- A player, or an action, is said to be in turn if that player is expected to act next under the rules. Jerry said "check" while he was in turn, so he's not allowed to raise.
- one or two Joker cards, added to a 52-card deck. Jokers often act as wild cards, able to substitute for any other card (or even nonexistent ones; 4 aces and a Joker could be said to be five of a kind). Often two jokers are used, sometimes distinguishable as the Red Joker and the Black Joker.
- See rank, below
- Additional cards dealt face down in some card games.
- A card for which the rank is a number (Ace usually counts as 1 in this case)
- A complete set of cards. A double deck may be used (ie. 104/108 instead of 52/54)
- A score awarded for common violations of the rules of the game. It can be awarded either negatively to the violating player/partnership, or positively to their opponent(s)
- A set of cards placed on a surface so that they partially or completely overlap
- See numeral, above
- A suit symbol (♠, ♥, ♦, ♣) on a card.
- Verb: Move a card to a place on the table (either from the players hand, or from elsewhere on the table).
- Noun: The stage of the game in which player(s) play cards
- the ranks on a deck of Anglo-French cards are Ace, 2-10, Jack, Queen, King. They are usually indicated in the top left corner of the card.
- To deal again
- The events between the eldest player's action, and the youngest player's action of the same type (ie. bid, play), inclusive.
- Position relative to the dealer: for example, in bridge, the dealer's left-hand opponent is said to be in second seat.
- Two or more cards adjacent in rank. The adjectives ascending and descending may be applied (ie. "building in ascending sequence" means "laying cards out so that each has the next highest rank to the previous one"). A sequence need not all be of the same suit.
- spot card
- See numeral
- Cards are placed directly on top of each other, disallowing the player to see any card other than the top. In most cases, these cards are and should be kept hidden. Viewing these cards during a deal is often considered illegal, so they should be dealt face down.
- A pile of cards, face down, which are left over after setting up the rest of the game (ie. dealing hands, setting up other layout areas).
- See Suit. On an Anglo-French deck, this term refers to one of Spades ♠, Hearts ♥, Diamonds ♦, and Clubs ♣.
- See Trick-taking game. A set of cards played by each player in turn, during the play of a hand.
- (Noun) A card in the trump suit whose trick-taking power is greater than any plain suit card.
- (Noun) A card in the special suit of trumps found in tarot decks such as the Tarot Nouveau
- (Verb) To play a trump after a plain suit has been led; see Ruff.
- A card laid on the table face-up. See upcard.
- See rank
- wild card
- See wild card
- The last player to play before the eldest player's second turn