Goaltending

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In basketball, goaltending is the violation of interfering with the ball when it is on its way to the basket and it is (a) in its downward flight, (b) entirely above the rim and has the possibility of entering the basket, and (c) not touching the rim.[1][2][3] In NCAA basketball, WNBA and NBA basketball, goaltending is also called if the ball has already touched the backboard while it is above the height of the rim in its flight, regardless of whether it is in upward or downward flight or whether it is directly above the rim.[4][5] Goaltending in this context defines by exclusion what is considered a legal block of a field goal. In high school and NCAA basketball, goaltending is also called when a player interferes with a free throw at any time in its flight towards the basket.[1][6] If goaltending is called for interference with a field goal, the shooting team is awarded the points for the field goal as if it had been made. In high school and NCAA basketball, if goaltending is called on a free throw, the shooting team is awarded one point and a technical foul is called against the offending player.[7][8]

Goaltending is commonly confused with the related violation of basket interference, which occurs during an attempted field goal when a player touches the basket, the rim, or the ball when it is on the rim or directly above it. Like goaltending, basket interference when committed by the defending team results in an award of points to the shooting team as if the attempted field goal had been made.

FIBA rules allow a defender to block any shot that is over the rim and the ball is on its upward flight.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Struckhoff, Mary, ed. (2009). 2009-2010 NFHS Basketball Rules. Indianapolis, Indiana: National Federation of High Schools. p. 31.  Rule 4, Section 22
  2. ^ NBA Official Rules (2009-2010) Rule 11, Section I, f. Retrieved July 26, 2010
  3. ^ 2009-2011 Men's & Women's Basketball Rules Rule 4, Section 34, Article 1, a,b. Retrieved July 26, 2010
  4. ^ 2009-2011 Men's & Women's Basketball Rules Rule 4, Section 34, Article 3. Retrieved July 26, 2010
  5. ^ NBA Official Rules (2009-2010) Rule 11, Section I, c, d. Retrieved July 26, 2010
  6. ^ 2009-2011 Men's & Women's Basketball Rules Rule 4, Section 34, Article 2. Retrieved July 26, 2010
  7. ^ 2009-2011 Men's & Women's Basketball Rules Rule 9, Section 17, Article 1, b. Retrieved July 26, 2010
  8. ^ Struckhoff, Mary, ed. (2009). 2009-2010 NFHS Basketball Rules. Indianapolis, Indiana: National Federation of High Schools. p. 60.  Rule 10, Section 3, Article 9