Golden Vale

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Coordinates: 52°24′N 8°24′W / 52.4°N 8.4°W / 52.4; -8.4

Typical East Limerick landscape of rich, green fields.

The Golden Vale (Irish: Machaire méith na Mumhan[1]) is an area of rolling pastureland in the civil province of Munster, southwestern Ireland. Covering parts of three counties, Limerick, Tipperary and Cork, it is the best land in Ireland for dairy farming.[1][2]

The Golden Vale in winter, in County Tipperary. The Galtee Mountains are visible.

Historically, and occasionally still, it has been called the Golden Vein. An early instance is an 1837 book by Jonathan Binns, a British government official, where he refers to the area as '"the golden vale" (more correctly the "golden vein")'[3] and states "The land is of excellent quality, being part of the golden vein of Ireland—a district reaching from Tipperary towards Limerick. The extent of the golden vein is about fourteen miles long, by six or seven wide."[4] Some subsequent writers similarly prefer "vein".[2][5][6]

The Golden Vale is bordered in the west by the Galtee Mountains, with the Glen of Aherlow as a picturesque abutting valley. The Munster Blackwater valley is the Vale's southern part. Towns in the Golden Vale include Charleville, Mitchelstown, Kilmallock, and Tipperary.[2]

In recent years intensive farming has resulted in the loss of many miles of hedgerows.[7] The Golden Vale also contains a number of visitor farms.[8]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ó Giolláin, Diarmuid (June 2005). "The national and the local — practices of de- and retraditionalization" (PDF). FF Network (The Folklore Fellows) (28): 17,fn.5. ISSN 0789-0249. Retrieved 2009-03-08. ""Machaire méith na Mumhan", usually referred to as the Golden Vale, the richest dairy land in Ireland" 
  2. ^ a b c Freeman, T. W. (July–September 1947). "Farming in Irish Life". The Geographical Journal (Blackwell Publishing on behalf of The Royal Geographical Society) 110 (1/3): 48,fn.1. doi:10.2307/1789193. "The Golden Vein (sometimes called the Golden Vale) consists of the lowlands of Co. Limerick with an extension towards Tipperary and Cashel and a southward extension to the neighbourhood of Charleville and Mallow. In effect it is the heart of the Munster dairying country." 
  3. ^ Binns, Jonathan (1837). Miseries and beauties of Ireland. Vol.2. Longman, Orme, Brown and co.  |page=101
  4. ^ Binns, p.161
  5. ^ Unstead, John Frederick (1960). The British Isles. A systematic regional Geography 1. London University Press. p. 261. OCLC 255935608. "the relatively broad hollow called the Vale of Limerick, and sometimes known as the "Golden Vale" or, more correctly, the "Golden Vein"." 
  6. ^ Meagher, Jim (28 February 1987). "Hardships of service in days of the 'Spailpín'". Southern Star. p. 10. "North Cork, County Limerick and West Tipperary areas, in other words, the rich and fertile land of the "Golden Vein" (now incorrectly termed "Golden Vale" — there is no vale)." 
  7. ^ Frederick Herman Andreasen Aalen, Kevin Whelan, Matthew Stout, ed. (1997). Atlas of the Irish Rural Landscape. Cork: Cork University Press. ISBN 1-85918-095-7. 
  8. ^ "Ballyhoura Country - Simply Different". Ballyhoura Development Ltd. 2005. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 

Further reading[edit]