Golu Devata

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Golu Devta ,Hawalbagh, near Almora Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Nainital
Idol of Golu Devta at Basulisera, Bagwalipokhar , Almora, Uttarakhand, India. Photo by : Vijay Sah
Golu Devta ,Ghorakhal, Photo : Ritesh Sagar, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta , Hawalbagh, Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta , Udepur, Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta , Chhana, Gagas, Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta , Udepur, Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta , Udepur, Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta , Udepur, Photo : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music Channel Nainital
Golu Devta Temple, near Almora
Golu Devta Temple situated in village Kumour, Pithoragarh. Photo by : Pankaj Chauhan
Idol of Golu Devta at Basulisera. It is about 30 km from Ranikhet Near Bagwalipokhar , Almora, Uttarakhand, India. Photo by : Vijay Sah, Enjoy Music, Nainital

Golu Devata or Lord Golu (Hindi: गॊलू दॆवता) is the legendary mythological and historical God of the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand state of India and is their deity.

The Golu Devta Chitai, temple is about 4 km from the main gate of Binsar wildlife sanctuary & about 10 km. from Almora.[1]

Origin[edit]

Golu Devata is thought to be as an incarnation of Gaur Bhairav (Shiva), and is worshipped all over the region and regarded as the dispenser of justice by the devotees with extreme faith.

Historically, he is considered[by whom?] as the brave son and General of Katyuri king, Jhal Rai and his mother was Kalindra, and his grandfather was Hal Rai and great-grandfather was Hal Rai. Historically the origin of Golu Devata is accepted at Champawat. His mother Kalindra is believed to be the sister of two other local deities Harishchand Devjyun (the divine spirit of Raja Harish of the Chands) and Sem Devjyun and both these deities are regarded[by whom?] as uncles of Lord Golu.

Another legend suggests that he was a General in the army of Chand king, Baz Bahadur (1638–78), and died displaying exemplary valour at war, the temple at Chitai was erected in his honour, 8 km from Almora city.

Another legend says that Golu Devta was killed by the king of Binsar due to some false doubt, and he was beheaded by the king and his body fell at Gairad at Dana Golu and his head fell at Kaparkhan, near modern day Binsar, a few km from Almora. At Dana Golu, there is the original and most ancient temple of Golu Devta.

The most popular story about Gwalla talks of a local king who, while hunting, sent his servants to look for water. The servants disturbed a woman who was praying. The woman, in a fit of anger, taunted the king that he could not separate two fighting bulls and proceeded to do so herself. The king was very impressed by this deed and he married the lady. When this queen got a son, the other queens, who were jealous of her, placed a stone in its place and the child in a cage and put the cage into the river. The child was brought up by a fisherman. When the boy grew up he took a wooden horse to the river and on being questioned by the queens he replied that if women can give birth to stone then wooden horses can drink water. When the king heard about this, he punished the guilty queens and crowned the boy, who went on to be known as Gwalla devata.

Golu Devta is seen in form of Lord Shiva, his brother Kalva Devta is in form on Bhairava and Garh Devi is form of Shakti. Golu Devta is also prayed as key deity(Ista/ Kula Devta) in many villages of Chamoli. Normally three days pooja or 9 days pooja is performed to worship Lord Golu Devta also known as Goreel Devta in Chamoli District. Golu Devta is offered Ghee, Milk, Curd, Halwa, Poori, Pakauri and head of Goat sacrificed. Two Male Goat scarifice ( Bali) is performed. Preferred black in colour. One in the temple of Golu devta and the other outside temple in remote location. The sacrificed goat is received as Prasada of pooja. Golu devta is known as God of justice and prayed with great pride and enthusiasm. Golu Devta is offered with White Cloths, white pagari and white shaal.

There are many temples of Golu Devata in Kumaun, and the most popular are at Chitai, Champawat, Ghorakhal. It is popular belief that Golu Devata dispenses quick justice to the devotee.

Devotees in turn offer bells and sacrifice animals after the fulfillment of their wishes. Thousands of bells of every size can be seen hanging over the temple premises. Many devotees file a lot of written petitions daily, which are received by the temple.

References[edit]

  • The History of Kumaun by B. D. Pandey
  • Golu Devata The God of Justice of Kumaun Himalayas by C M Agrawal
  • " Kumaon:Kala,Shilp aur Sanskriti" by Kaushal Kishor Saxena
  • "Golu Devta, by Dr. Shailesh Upreti, Sanjupahari, Golu Devta
  • "Golu Devta is also worshipped in many villages of Chamoli District" [www.few-cents.blogspot.com]

Template:Nainital Template:GuluJu Chitai temple almora in Uttarakhand

External links[edit]