Grande Comore

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Autonomous Island of Grande Comore[citation needed]
Île Autonome de la Grande Comore[citation needed]
Ngazidja
Flag
The Comoros islands. Grande Comore is the leftmost (and largest) island.
The Comoros islands. Grande Comore is the leftmost (and largest) island.
Capital
and largest city
Moroni
Official languages
Government Autonomous island
 -  President Mohamed Abdoulwahab
Area
 -  Total 1,025 km2
396 sq mi
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2006 estimate 316,600
 -  2003 census 295,700
Currency Comorian franc (KMF)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Calling code +269
Internet TLD .km
a. Shingazidja dialect.
Grande Comore Harbor Bay.

Grande Comore, officially called Ngazidja,[citation needed] is an island in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is the largest island in the Comoros nation. Most of its population is of the Comorian ethnic group. Its population as of 2006 is about 316,600. The island's capital is Moroni, which is also the national capital. The island is made up of two shield volcanoes, with Mount Karthala being the country's highest point at 2,361 m (7,746 ft) above sea level. According to the 2009 revision of the constitution of 2002, it is governed by an elected Governor, as are the other islands, with the federal government being much reduced in power. The name Ngazidja is sometimes seen in the incorrect form Njazidja.

History[edit]

Sultan Said Ali bin Said Omar of Grande Comore (1897).

For several centuries, Grande Comore was divided into a number of sultanates, including Bambao, Itsandra, Mitsamihuli, Mbajini, Hambuu, Washili, Hamahame, Mbwankuu, Mbude and Domba. The sultans were also known as mfaume. In 1886, the ruler of Bambao, Sultan Said Ali bin Said Omar, united the sultanates of Grande Comore into the state of Ngazidja, with the other sultanates maintaining autonomy. That same year, France established a protectorate over the island. In 1893, Sultan Said Ali was sent into exile on Réunion. In 1908, France annexed the island and the sultanates were abolished. In 1975, Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli declared independence as the nation of Comoros.

In 1997, the Comoros nation began to fall apart as Anjouan and Moheli seceded. Grande Comore became the only island under federal control. By 2002, however, Grande Comore was reunited with the other islands under the new constitution. Abdou Soule Elbak was elected President of Grande Comore in May 2002. He received only 17% of the vote in the first round, coming in first place, and received 60% of the vote in the runoff. He remained in his post until the July 2007 elections, at which point Mohamed Abdoulwahab won the island's presidency.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 11°35′S 43°20′E / 11.583°S 43.333°E / -11.583; 43.333