Grande Porto Subregion
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It corresponds to 11 municipalities out of 16, the other 5 in Entre Douro e Vouga Subregion that constitute the larger Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto, centered in the city of Porto. With a population of 1,401,805 inhabitants (INE 2011) and an area of 817 km2. Highly industrialized, is, with the neighbouring subregions, the main source of the Portuguese exports and home to one of the busiest Portuguese harbours, located in Leixões. Grande Porto serves as the commercial, educational, political and economical centre of northern Portugal.
It covers an area of 817 km2 for a density of 2056 hab/km2
It is formed by 11 municipalities, on both sides of the Douro River.
- Póvoa de Varzim
- Trofa (recently joined Grande Porto)
- Santo Tirso (recently joined)
- Vila do Conde
- Vila Nova de Gaia (aka Gaia)
All of the above municipalities are cities. Only Espinho and Gaia are located south of Douro River.
The conurbation, which includes the municipalities of Porto (pop. 240,000), Vila Nova de Gaia (pop. 330,000) and Matosinhos (pop. 175,000), are amongst the biggest urban centres in Portugal, although the subregion is considered a Metropolitan Area with a population of over a million.
The subregion is served by an international airport: Porto/ Pedras Rubras / Maia (OPO), an harbour(Leixões/ Matosinhos), underground (Subway), intercity trains and a large network of highways and motorways. The industry is located in a crown around the city of Porto.