HMS Blake (C99)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Blake.
HMS Blake (Tiger-class cruiser) .jpg
HMS Blake post-conversion
Career RN Ensign
Class and type: Tiger-class light cruiser
Name: HMS Blake
Ordered: 1942 Additional Naval Programme
Builder: Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Govan
Laid down: 17 August 1942
Launched: 20 December 1945
Commissioned: 18 March 1961
Decommissioned: December 1979
Identification: Pennant number: C99
Fate: Sold for scrap August 1982
General characteristics
Displacement: 11,560 tons as built
12,080 tons after conversion
Length: 555.5 ft (169.3 m) overall
538 ft (164 m)) between perpendiculars
Beam: 64 ft (20 m)
Draught: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Propulsion: Four Admiralty-type three drum boilers (400 psi)
Four shaft Parsons steam turbines
80,000 shp
Speed: 31.5 knots (58.3 km/h)
Range: 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h)
Complement: 716 (885 after conversion)
Armament:

As built:

  • Four × 6 in guns (2 × 2)
  • Six × 3 in (3 × 2)

After Conversion:

  • Two × 6 in (1 × 2)
  • Two × 3 in (1 × 2)
  • Two × Seacat quad missile launchers
Aircraft carried: After conversion: Four helicopters (originally Westland Wessex, then Sea King)
Nickname: 'Snakey Blakey'

HMS Blake was a light cruiser of the Tiger class of the Royal Navy, the last of the (traditional) Royal Navy gun-armed cruisers in the 20th Century. She was named after Admiral Robert Blake, a 17th-century admiral who was the "Father of the Royal Navy". She was ordered in 1942 as one of the Minotaur class of light cruisers. They had a low construction priority due to more pressing requirements for other ship types during World War II, particularly anti-submarine craft. Blake was laid down in 1942. In 1944, Blake was renamed Tiger, then Blake again in 1945, the year she was launched partially constructed at the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company at Govan, by Lady Jean Blake, wife of Vice Admiral Sir Geoffrey Blake. Construction of Blake was suspended in 1946 and she was laid up at Gareloch.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

In 1954, construction of Blake resumed, but to a new design. The new design was approved in 1951, but construction did not resume until 1954. She would have fully automatic 6 inch guns in twin high-angle mounts with each gun capable of shooting 20 rounds per minute, and a secondary battery of fully automatic 3 inch guns which delivered 90 rounds per minute per gun. She would have no lighter anti-aircraft armament or torpedo tubes. Air conditioning was fitted throughout the ship, and a 200-line automatic telephone exchange was installed. Each 6 inch and 3 inch mounting had its own director, linked to a dedicated radar on the director. On 18 March 1961, Blake finally commissioned into the Royal Navy, to date the last (traditional) cruiser to do so. Just two years later, she was placed in reserve.

Conversion[edit]

From 1965 to 1969, she underwent a major conversion to become a helicopter and command cruiser. This reconstruction included replacing the after 6 inch and 3 inch mounts with a flight deck and hangar. She also had new radars and taller funnels. She had excellent command, control, and communications facilities installed, and found use as a flagship to task groups. The refit was very expensive; during the conversion a major fire broke out causing considerable damage and raising the costs still further. There were concerns that the money used to convert Blake, and her sister ship Tiger to helicopter cruisers drained much needed resources better used elsewhere.

Later career[edit]

Westland Sea King HAS.2 of 820 Naval Squadron wearing the 'BL' code of HMS Blake in 1977

In 1969 Blake deployed to Gibraltar along with other Royal Navy units in order to ‘fly the flag’ in response to Spanish hostility following the closure of the Gibraltar-Spain border by General Franco. Also in 1969 a Royal Air Force (RAF) Harrier jet landed on Blake. In 1971, she was present during the emotional withdrawal from Malta, supporting the commando carrier HMS Bulwark. In 1977 she took part in the Fleet Review of the Royal Navy during the Silver Jubilee celebrations for Queen Elizabeth II, which took place off Spithead, site of many Fleet Reviews.[1]

The cruiser was host to the Westland Wessex HAS.3 helicopters of 820 Naval Air Squadron from June 1969 and these were replaced by the Westland Sea King HAS.1 helicopter in December 1972,[2] continuing until Blake was withdrawn from service in 1979, when the ship became the last ship in the Royal Navy to fire a six-inch gun. Her large crew made her an expensive ship to operate and maintain.

Decommissioning[edit]

Blake was refitted in 1980, and due to a defence manpower drawdown that resulted in manpower shortages, became part of the Standby Squadron in HMNB Chatham. The advent of the Falklands War led to a rapid ship survey and work was begun to recommission her and sister ship Tiger for service in the conflict, but work was stopped on both in late May when it was clear neither could be ready in time to deploy. She was sold for scrap on 25 August 1982 to Shipbreaking (Queenborough) Ltd for £210,000. The ship's bell of the Blake has been preserved and is on display in Saint Mary's Church, Bridgwater. She was the last cruiser serving with the Royal Navy upon her decommissioning. On 29 October 1982 she was towed from Chatham for Cairnryan, arriving 7 November 1982.

Commanding officers[edit]

From To Captain
1974 1976 Captain Peter Herbert RN
1977 1977 Captain H B Parker RN

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official Souvenir Programme, 1977. Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, HMSO
  2. ^ Sturtivant, 1994, p. 198

Publications[edit]