HMS Gloucester (1909)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Gloucester.
HMS Gloucester (1909).jpg
Gloucester in 1918
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Gloucester
Namesake: Gloucester
Builder: William Beardmore and Company
Laid down: 15 April 1909
Launched: 28 October 1909
Commissioned: October 1910
Fate: Sold for scrapping 9 May 1921
General characteristics
Class and type: Town-class light cruiser
Displacement: 4,800 long tons (4,900 t)
Length: 453 ft (138 m) o.a
Beam: 47 ft (14 m)
Draught: 15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)
Installed power: 22,000 shp (16,000 kW)
Propulsion: 4 ×Parson steam turbines
12 × Yarrow boilers
4 × shafts
Speed: 25 kn (29 mph; 46 km/h)
Capacity: Coal:600 short tons (540 t) (1,353 short tons (1,227 t) maximum)
Fuel oil: 260 short tons (235.8680 t)
Complement: 411
Armament: 2 × BL 6 in (150 mm) Mk XI guns
10 × BL 4 in (100 mm) Mk VII guns
1 × 3 inch gun
4 × 3-pounder guns
4 × machine guns
2 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes
Armour: 2 inch, 1¾ inch, ¾ inch deck
6 inch conning tower

HMS Gloucester was a Town-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy launched on 28 October 1909 from the yards of William Beardmore and Company. She formed part of the Bristol subgroup.

Service history[edit]

On being commissioned, Gloucester was assigned to the 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean and in August 1914 she was involved in the hunt for the German cruisers SMS Goeben and Breslau. For this operation, she was under the command of Captain Howard Kelly and managed to slightly damage Breslau with one hit at the waterline in the ensuing exchange of gun fire. She was unable to prevent the German ships escaping however. Later that year, Gloucester was operating off the west coast of Africa, hunting for German raiders. In February 1915, she was reassigned to the 3rd Light Cruiser Squadron of the Grand Fleet.

It has been long rumoured that she shelled Galway, Ireland during the Easter Rising in April 1916, but she was probably confused with HMS Laburnum, which did shell the outskirts of Galway a day before Gloucester arrived in Galway Bay landing 100 marines.

On 31 May-1 June 1916, she took part in the Battle of Jutland and later that year was reassigned to the 2nd Light Cruiser Squadron. A posting in the Mediterranean followed in December 1916 on joining the 8th Light Cruiser Squadron in the Adriatic. She also served in East Africa in 1917. She survived the war and was sold for scrapping on 9 May 1921 to Ward, of Portishead and Briton Ferry.