HMS Bristol (1910)
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Builder:||John Brown & Company, Clydebank|
|Laid down:||23 March 1909|
|Launched:||23 February 1910|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping 9 May 1921|
|Class and type:||Town-class light cruiser|
|Displacement:||4,800 long tons (4,880 t)|
|Length:||430 ft (131.1 m) p.p.
453 ft (138.1 m) o/a
|Beam:||47 ft (14.3 m)|
|Draught:||15 ft 3 in (4.65 m) (mean); 17 ft 9 in (5.41 m) (maximum)|
|Installed power:||24,227 shp (18,066 kW) (trials); 22,000 shp (16,410 kW) (service)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Brown-Curtis steam turbines
12 × Yarrow small-tube boilers
2 × shafts
|Speed:||26.84 kn (30.89 mph; 49.71 km/h) (trials); 25 kn (28.8 mph; 46.3 km/h) (service)|
|Capacity:||Coal: 600 short tons (540 t) (1,353 short tons (1,227 t) maximum)
Fuel oil: 260 short tons (240 t)
|Armament:||2 × BL 6 in (152 mm)/50 cal Mk XI guns
10 × BL 4 in (102 mm) Mk VII guns
1 × 3 in (76 mm) Anti-aircraft gun
4 × QF 3-pounder (47 mm (1.9 in)) AA guns
4 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns
2 × 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes
On the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, she was in the West Indies and was the first British ship to see action, engaging the German raider Karlsruhe on 6 August. Karlsruhe used her superior speed to escape.
By early December 1914, she formed part of the squadron sent to hunt Admiral Maximilian von Spee and to avenge the defeat at Coronel, and was refueling with coal in the harbour of Stanley on the morning of 8 December. Because of this, she was two hours late in joining the chase which was the Battle of the Falkland Islands and consequently did not engage the main enemy force, attacking two colliers instead.
Bristol was operating in the Mediterranean, and in 1916 she joined the Adriatic Squadron under an Italian admiral and fought in the inconclusive battle of the Otranto Straits against a fleet of Austrian cruisers. She ended the war serving off the coast of South America.
Bristol was sold for scrapping on 9 May 1921 to Ward, of Hayle.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
- Taylor, Michael J.H. (1990). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. Studio. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HMS Bristol (ship, 1910).|
- Ships of the Bristol group
- "Royal Navy Log Books - HMS Bristol". Retrieved 2013-12-15. Transcription of ship's logbooks December 1914 to December 1915
- "Royal Navy Log Books - HMS Bristol". Retrieved 2013-12-15. Transcription of ship's logbooks January 1918 to May 1919