HMS Wren (1919)

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Career Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Wren
Ordered: April 1918
Builder: Yarrow Shipbuilders Limited
Laid down: June 1918
Launched: 11 November 1919
Commissioned: 23 January 1923
Identification: Pennant numbers D76 and I76
Motto: Ex parvalis magna
“From Small Things (come) Great”
Honours and
awards:
Atlantic 1939-400
Norway 1940
Fate: Sunk 27 July 1940 by air attack
Badge: On a Field Blue, a Wren on a branch, all Gold.
General characteristics
Class & type: Admiralty modified W class destroyer
Displacement: 1,140 tons standard, 1,550 tons full
Length: 312 ft o/a, 300 ft p/p
Beam: 29.5 feet (9.0 m)
Draught: 9 feet (2.7 m), 11.25 feet (3.43 m) under full load
Propulsion: • 3 x Yarrow type Water-tube boilers
• Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines driving 2 shafts producing 27,000 shp
Speed: 34 kt
Range: 320-370 tons oil
3,500 nmi at 15 kt
900 nmi at 32 kt
Complement: 127
Armament: • 4 x BL 4.7 in (120-mm) Mk.I guns, mount P Mk.I
• 2 x QF 2 pdr Mk.II "pom-pom" (40 mm L/39)
• 6 × 21-inch Torpedo Tubes
General characteristics War Modifications
Complement: 134
Armament: • 3 × BL 4.7 in (120mm) Mk.I L/45 guns
• 1 × QF 12 pounder 12 cwt naval gun
• 2 x QF 2 pdr Mk.II "pom-pom" (40 mm L/39)
• 3 × 21-inch Torpedo Tubes (one triple mount)
• 2 × depth charge racks
Service record
Part of: 4th Destroyer Flotilla – 1923
16th Destroyer Flotilla – Sep 1939
Operations: World War II 1939 to 1945
Victories: None

HMS Wren (D88/I88) was an Admiralty modified W class destroyer built for the Royal Navy. She was ordered in April 1918 from Yarrow Shipbuilders Limited under the 13th Order for Destroyers of the Emergency War Program of 1918-19. She was the third Royal Navy ship to carry the name, which was introduced in 1653.[1]

Construction[edit]

HMS Wren '​s keel was laid in June 1918 at the Yarrow Shipbuilders Limited, Scotstoun. The signing of the armistice with Germany led to the cancellation of 35 destroyers out of Wren's class of 56, but she survived this and the cancellation of a further seven vessels in September 1919. Wren was launched on 11 November 1919 after which she was towed to the dockyard at Pembroke Dock for completion.[1][2]

Inter War Years[edit]

After a delay, she was commissioned into the Royal Navy on 23 January 1923 with pennant number D88. After commissioning she was assigned to the 4th Destroyer Flotilla of the Atlantic Fleet. She served mainly in home waters and in 1938 was assigned as rescue ship for the Home Fleet carriers.[1]

Second World War[edit]

In September 1939 Wren was transferred to the 16th Destroyer Flotilla at Portsmouth for convoy defence and anti-submarine patrols in the English Channel and South-West Approaches. In November she was transferred to Nore Command for convoy defence in the North Sea.[1] Wren was re-assigned to the 18th Destroyer Flotilla, Western Approaches Command in January 1940 and undertook convoy defence once more in the South-West Approaches. Following the German invasion of Norway in April 1940 she transferred to Scapa Floe to carry out convoy escort duties to Norway. She provided gunfire support to the British landings at Bjerkvik but returned to convoy duties and did not take part in the evacuation of the British expeditionary force. At the end of May her pennant number was changed to I88 for visual signalling purposes.[1] On 25 June she returned to the 16th Destroyer Flotilla based at Harwich for convoy escort and patrol duties in Nore Command.[1]

Loss[edit]

On the 27 July 1940 Wren, alongside HMS Montrose, was providing anti-aircraft protection for minesweeping operations off Aldeburgh, Suffolk. She came under heavy and sustained dive bombing attack by 15 Junkers Ju-87 aircraft and was damaged by several near misses which holed her below the waterline. Collapsed bulkheads caused heavy flooding which led her to sink quickly, killing 37 of her crew. Wren's survivors were rescued by the minesweepers.[1]

Notes[edit]

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