Hainburg an der Donau is a town in the Bruck an der Leitha district, Lower Austria, Austria.
Geography [ edit ]
The city Hainburg is located next to the
Danube river and Bratislava in Slovakia and 50 km east of Vienna. It is part of the Industrial Quarter in Lower Austria. Industrieviertel
45.87% of the land is forested, 54.13% is used for agriculture and urban areas. Hainburg an der Donau is the only district in the municipality.
Population [ edit ]
History [ edit ]
The first settlers in the area were the
Illyrians and the Celtic people, who lived in Braunsburg. Today's city is next to ancient Roman settlement of Carnuntum, the capital of the province of Pannonia, where Marcus Aurelius once resided. Emperor
Henry III ordered a castle built here in 1050. The town had 2 gates, 15 towers, and a 2.5 km wall in the 13th century.
The castle in 1108 belonged to the
Babenbergers. In the second half of the 12th century, the ransom received from
Richard the Lionheart built the castle along with the Viennese gate around 1220 to 1225. The lower part wasn't built until 1267 to 1268 by Ottokar of Bohemia. On February 11, 1252,
Ottokar II, later the King of Bohemia, married the last Babenberger Margaret of Austria. In
Battle of Dürnkrut in 1278 Ottokar II lost the castle to the Habsburgs. In 1482 after a
several months siege the castle was occupied by Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus and his Black Army. In 1629, the castle belonged to the city.
On July 11, 1683, the
Second Ottoman Campaign destroyed the city along with the castle. In 1709, Count
Löwenburg rebuilt the castle. Here
Joseph Haydn the composer came as a six-year-old child to learn the rudiments of music from his relative Josef Mathias Franck, and to sing as a choirboy from 1737–1740. There is a Haydn Fountain on the Hauptplatz in the town. Hainburg gained a garrison in the 19th century.
Since the end of the
First World War, Hainburg has been the easternmost town in Austria. In 1984, protesters against plans to put a power station in the Hainburger Au of the
Danube forced the government of Austria to withdraw. (see: Occupation of Hainburger Au).
Sites of interest [ edit ]
Nationalpark Donau-Auen: floodplain forest
Wienertor (Vienna Gate): built in the 13th century, largest still existing medieval door in Europe. Today it contains the city museum.
Medieval synagogue and ritual bath
The Church: the 'Pfarrkirche,' a catholic church, was built in 1263 and rebuilt in the Baroque style in 1683
Protestant Church: the 'Evangelische Kirche' was opened in April 2011, newly built by the Austrian architect group Coop Himmelb(l)au
Economics and infrastructure [ edit ]
In 2001, there were 242 businesses and 29 agricultural and forestry businesses. There were 2,512 employed persons. The productivity rate was 45.07%. There were 70 unemployed persons.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]