Schwechat

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Schwechat
The central square in 2007
The central square in 2007
Coat of arms of Schwechat
Coat of arms
Schwechat is located in Austria
Schwechat
Schwechat
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°08′28″N 16°28′43″E / 48.14111°N 16.47861°E / 48.14111; 16.47861Coordinates: 48°08′28″N 16°28′43″E / 48.14111°N 16.47861°E / 48.14111; 16.47861
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Wien-Umgebung
Government
 • Mayor Gerhard Frauenberger (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 44.7 km2 (17.3 sq mi)
Elevation 162 m (531 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 17,032
 • Density 380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2320
Area code 01
Vehicle registration SW
Website www.schwechat.gv.at

Schwechat (German pronunciation: [ˈʃvɛçaːt]) is a town southeast of Vienna known for the Vienna International Airport and Schwechater beer. The city is home to the refineries of to the Austrian national oil company OMV.

Geography[edit]

Schwechat is named after the river Schwechat, which flows through the center of town. The city subdivisions called Katastralgemeinde (Cadastre) are Kledering, Mannswörth, Rannersdorf and Schwechat.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 7,458 —    
1880 8,910 +19.5%
1890 10,327 +15.9%
1900 13,636 +32.0%
1910 14,625 +7.3%
1923 14,372 −1.7%
1934 14,936 +3.9%
1939 14,813 −0.8%
1951 13,270 −10.4%
1961 13,403 +1.0%
1971 15,303 +14.2%
1981 14,834 −3.1%
1991 14,669 −1.1%
2001 15,286 +4.2%
2011 16,329 +6.8%

History[edit]

Home to the settlement Ala Nova of the Roman Empire, the city was first mentioned in a document in 1334.[citation needed] The meeting at Schwechat of Emperor Leopold I with Jan Sobieski in 1683, after the liberation of Vienna, is commemorated by an obelisk. The imperial troops defeated the Hungarian insurgents in a battle fought here in October 1848.[2]

In 1724, a textile factory was established in Schwechat. Schwechat profited massively from the Austrian industrialisation wave of the 19th century, many of the companies established then still existing today (like the brewery). Schwechat became a city in 1924 and was incorporated into Vienna in 1938. The city's oil refinery was a bombing target of the Allied Oil Campaign of World War II, with the southern aviation plant complex of the Heinkel firm also targeted in late 1943 and lasting through the spring of 1944.

Schwechat became an independent city in 1954.

Economy[edit]

Vienna International Airport, the headquarters of Austrian Airlines, and the headquarters of Niki are in the city of Schwechat.[3][4][5] When Lauda Air was an independent airline, it had its corporate headquarters in Schwechat.[6]

Popular culture[edit]

Schwechat (as Megacity Schwechat) plays an important role in the Austrian sci-fi movie Die Gstettensaga: The Rise of Echsenfriedl.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2014-01-01.
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schwechat". Encyclopædia Britannica 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 391. 
  3. ^ "Offices in Austria". Austrian Airlines. Retrieved 26 May 2009. 
  4. ^ "About Us Contact". Niki. Retrieved 2 September 2009. 
  5. ^ "Information about the city plan." City of Schwechat. Retrieved on 5 September 2009.
  6. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight International. 27 March – 2 April 1991. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 

External links[edit]