Hakone Shrine

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Hakone Jinja
箱根神社
Hakonejinja -01.jpg
Haiden of Hakone Jinja
Information
Dedicated to Hakone Gongen
Founded Nara period
Address 80-1 Hakone-machi, Ashigarushimo District, Kanagawa
Website Homepage

Shinto torii icon vermillion.svg Glossary of Shinto

Torii of Hakone Shrine at Lake Ashi

The Hakone Shrine (箱根神社 Hakone Jinja?) is a Japanese Shinto shrine in the town of Hakone in the Ashigarashimo District of Kanagawa Prefecture.[1] It is also known as the Hakone Gongen (箱根権現?).[2]

Enshrined kami[edit]

The primary kami of Hakone Shrine are

These kami are known collectively as the Hakone Ōkami (箱根大神?).[1]

History[edit]

According to shrine tradition, Hakone-jinja was founded in 757[2] during the reign of Emperor Kōshō.[3] The original shrine was at the summit of Mount Komagatake.[citation needed] The shrine was relocated to the shores of Lake Ashi; and its current form dates to 1667.[4]

According to the Azuma Kagami, Minamoto no Yoritomo sought guidance from the kami at Hakone after his defeat in Battle of Ishibashiyama during the Gempei War.[citation needed]

In the Kamakura period, the shrine was popular.[1] This support continued through the Sengoku period.

The shrine was burned down by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the Battle of Odawara. it was reconstructed by Tokugawa Ieyasu and given a grant of 200 koku of revenue. The Tokugawa shogunate continued to support the shrine.[citation needed]

In the system of ranked Shinto Shrines, Hakone was listed in 1875 among the 3rd class of nationally significant shrines or Kokuhei Shōsha (国幣小社?).[5]

Cultural artifacts[edit]

Hakone Shrine has a small museum, in which are displayed a number of the shrine’s treasures. These include five items which are ranked as national Important Cultural Property.

Events[edit]

The main festival of the shrine is held annually on August 1.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kotodamaya.com, "Hakone Jinja"; retrieved 2013-1-27.
  2. ^ a b Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hakone Gongen-jinja" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 279.
  3. ^ The date of Hakone Shrine’s foundation is unknown, and although apparently very ancient, its name does not appear in any of the Rikkokushi official chronicles nor the Engishiki records.
  4. ^ Giesen, Walter. (2012). Japan, p. 259.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 125.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hakone-jinja at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 35°12′14″N 139°01′32″E / 35.20389°N 139.02556°E / 35.20389; 139.02556