|Meaning||"Son of Harry"|
|Region of origin||Scotland, Wales, Ireland, England|
Harris is a (patronymic or paternal) family name of British origins, and has many different spellings, none of which are the definitive, or 'correct', spelling. These spellings are largely regional which, when combined with the fact that most families only learned to spell in the 19th century, has led to different branches of the same families having different spellings of the name. Harris is the 24th-most common surname in the United Kingdom.
Spellings (in alphabetical order) and their origins
- Haris - common in Bosnia, mythological Greek name Haris, which means "Grace"  or an origin of the Arabic Haris, which means "Lion" or "Guardian".
- Harries - common in West Wales
- Harris - most common spelling originated in East Wales, most of England and some of Scotland
- Harriss - originated in pockets of England, namely West Berkshire, West Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire & Northamptonshire
- Harrys - uncommon
- Harys - rare
- Heriz - medieval spelling of the name, first found in France and also found in Spain
- Herrice - a French spelling
- Herries - a Scottish spelling
- Parry - a contraction of the Welsh patronymic "ap Harry"
Harris means 'Son of Harry' or 'Harry's Son'. Harry is a pet form of Henry. Harry was the regular pronunciation of Henry during the Middle Ages, but is not often found in early documents as the Latin version of Henricus was used instead. Henry is the Anglicised version of Henri which was introduced into Britain by the Normans in 1066. Henri means "home ruler".
Early records suggest that the surnames Harrison and Harris were used interchangeably by some families. It is likely that some modern Harrisons and Harrises are related.
In most cases the Harris surname appears to be British in origin. It was commonly adopted as a surname in south western England, the Midlands, Essex and Wales. As with other similar names it was adopted by most families in England between 1300 and 1400, and later in Wales and Scotland. Very few families used the name prior to 1300.
Some other Harris families originated in Germany, France, etc., and adopted the name Harris upon immigration to Britain or America. Ellis Island is renowned for having Anglicised non-English names in America c1900.
African Americans, most of whom are descendants of slaves, have also adopted the name. It is likely that some used, or were given, the name of their owners. Others may have adopted it in a patronymic fashion, i.e., they were the son of someone called Harry.
Surname DNA projects have been undertaken in the United States for both Harris and Harrison. These projects help reveal more about the roots of different Harris and Harrison families in America and identify family groups.
The majority of Harrises tested so far belong to R1b1 (Western European) or I1a (Scandinavian) Haplogroups. However, members have also been found who have E3 (African), J (Middle Eastern/Mediterranean) and R1a (Eastern European) Haplogroups.
R1b1 originates from all over Britain, however, I1a tends to be first found in East Anglia or the North-East of Scotland, which correspond to areas settled by Danish Vikings before the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
Harrises also began to emigrate to Canada and America in the 17th century, to Australia and New Zealand in the 18th century and to South Africa in the 19th century. Initial numbers of emigrants were small and it was not until the last half of the 19th century that large numbers of Harrises emigrated from Britain.
In 1998  statistics for different spellings of Harris were:-
- Harris rank = 22 number on electoral roll = 103962
- Harries rank = 1232 number on electoral roll = 4977
- Harriss rank = 7040 number on electoral roll = 679
- Herries rank = 19822 number on electoral roll = 154
The distribution of the name Harris can be found on http://www.britishsurnames.co.uk/surnames/HARRIS/maps and the distribution of Harries is shown on http://www.britishsurnames.co.uk/surnames/HARRIES/maps
Coats of arms
Very few Harrises have any association with, or the right to bear, coats of arms. Throughout the ages various Harrises have been awarded arms by the College of Arms, London, but very few were hereditary (passed on to successive generations).
As is often the case in heraldry, a tradition has emerged in the design of different Harris coats of arms; one or more hedgehogs are often incorporated into the blazon. The original reason for this has been lost in time, but it is likely that it was originally due to one, or both, of the following explanations:-
- the French name Herrice sounds similar to herison, which is French for hedgehog. Plays on words like this are fairly common in heraldry.
- the original bearer had spiky hair, resembling a hedgehog.
- "origin". British surnames. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "British surnames". British surnames. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "Haris". Greek-names.info. 2012-05-15. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames, Reaney & Wilson, Oxford University Press 2005
- grabbag (2003-08-03). "Harris Y-DNA Index Page". Harrisdna.org. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "The Harrison DNA Project". WorldFamilies.net. 2011-02-01. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "britishsurnames". britishsurnames. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- "U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
- United States Census Bureau (9 May 1995). s:1990 Census Name Files dist.all.last (1-100). Retrieved on 2008-07-04.