Hemaris

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Hemaris
Hemaris diffinis.JPG
Hemaris diffinis
Lake Junaluska, North Carolina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Hemaris
Dalman, 1816
species

See Text

Synonyms
  • Aege R. Felder, 1874
  • Chamaesesia Grote, 1873
  • Cochrania Tutt, 1902
  • Eitschbergera Kemal & Koçak, 2005
  • Haemorrhagia Grote & Robinson, 1865
  • Hemaria Billberg, 1820
  • Saundersia Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998
  • Mandarina Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998
  • Jilinga Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998

Hemaris is a genus of sphinx moths, consisting of about 17 species native to the Holarctic.[1] Four species occur in North and South America and three are found in Europe.[2] Their main host plants are herbs and shrubs of the teasel and honeysuckle families. Moths in genus Hemaris are known collectively as Clearwing Moths or Hummingbird Moths in the US and Bee Hawk-Moths in Britain.

Description[edit]

The eggs are small, spherical, and pale glossy green in color. Host plants include shrub and vining honeysuckles and teasels.

The larvae are small, cylindrical, and covered in granules that often have small bristles. Most larvae are green, brown, and gray, but there are many color forms. All have a distinctive pale dorso-lateral longitudinal stripe from head to horn.

The pupa is enclosed in a loosely spun cocoon, and is glossy in most species. There is a prominent tubercle or hook alongside each eye. The cremaster of the chrysalis is large and flattened.

The imagoes, or adults, are small, diurnal moths that resemble bumblebees in shape. They are often mistaken for hummingbirds. The forewings are fully scaled, but in some species patches of scales is lost during the first flight, leaving a glassy hyaline area on each wing. The antennae are strongly clubbed in both sexes and each has a small, recurved hook at the end. The abdomen ends in a large fan of setae.

The genitalia of the male are asymmetrical; the uncus is divided into two subequal lobes and is sclerotized. The ostium bursae, or genital opening, of the female is angled to the left.

Species[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kitching, I. J. and J. Cadiou. (2000). Hawkmoths of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Revisionary Checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Cornell University Press, New York. ISBN 0-8014-3734-2
  2. ^ Fauna Europaea Hemaris Dalman 1816