Jean Baptiste Boisduval
|Jean Baptiste Boisduval|
Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Déchauffour de Boisduval in 1874
June 24, 1799|
Ticheville, Lower Normandy, France
|Died||December 30, 1879
|Institutions||Société entomologique de France|
Jean Baptiste Alphonse Déchauffour de Boisduval (June 24, 1799 – December 30, 1879) was a French lepidopterist, botanist, and physician. He developed the Boisduval scale and identified many new species of butterflies. One of the most celebrated lepidopterists of France, he was the co-founder of the Société Entomologique de France. Early in his career, he was interested in Coleoptera and allied himself with both Lacordaire and Latreille. He was the curator of the Pierre Françoise Marie Auguste Dejean collection in Paris and described many species of beetles, as well as butterflies and moths, resulting from the voyages of the Astrolabe, the expedition ship of Jean-François de Galaup, comte de La Pérouse and the "Coquille", that of Louis Isidore Duperrey. Boisduval's Elateridae are in the Natural History Museum, London and the types of Curculionidae in Brussels Natural History Museum. His Lepidoptera were sold to Charles Oberthür. The Sphingidae are in the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
While best known abroad for his work in entomology, he started his career in botany, collecting a great number of French plant specimens and writing broadly on the topic throughout his career, including the textbook Flores française in 1828.
He left Paris, where he'd lived for nearly 60 years, in 1875, to retire in Ticheville near his family. His brother was Adolphe-Armand d'Echauffour de Boisduval (September 26, 1801 – March 1, 1842), a doctor, naturalist, and health officer in their native Ticheville.
- Jean Baptiste Alphonse Déchauffour Boisduval and John Eatton Le Conte, 1829-1837 Histoire général et iconographie des lepidoptérès et des chenilles de l’Amerique septentrionale (in English, General history and illustrations of the Lepidoptera and caterpillars of Northern America) published in Paris. Many of the illustrations for this work were done by John Abbot. The work was not completed until 1837.
- Jules Dumont d'Urville Ed. Voyage de l'Astrolabe. Faune entomologique de l'Océanie par le Dr Boisduval. Tome 1: Lepidoptéres (1832); Tome 2: Coléoptères, Hémiptères, Orthoptères Névroptères, Hyménoptères et Diptères (1835).
- Boisduval, J. B., Mémoire sur les Lépidoptères de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Nouvelles Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. Paris 2:149-270. (1833) online here and published by Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, 1833 at 
- Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Species Général des Lépidoptéres. Tome Premier Hist. nat. Ins., Spec. gén. Lépid. 1 : 1-690 (1836)
- Boisduval, J. B., 1852.Lepidoptères de la Californie Annls. Soc. ent. Fr. 10(2):275-324.Lepidoptères de la Californie.
- "Revue historique et bibliographie des traveaux publiés sur la flore du départmente de l'Orne". Bulletin de la Société des amis des sciences naturelles de Rouen (in French) (Rouen: Société des amis des sciences naturelles de Rouen) 44 (1er semestre): 97–99. 1908.
- Boisduval, Jean; LeConte, John (1833). Histoire générale et iconigraphie des lépidoptè et des chenilles de l'Amérique septentrionale (in French) 1. Paris: Librairie Encyclopédique De Roret.
- gallica.bnf.fr Gallica
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