Herbert Blaize

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The Right Honourable
Herbert Augustus Blaize
Prime Minister of Grenada
In office
4 December 1984 – 19 December 1989
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor General Paul Scoon
Preceded by Nicholas Brathwaite
Succeeded by Ben Jones
Member of Parliament
for Carriacou and Petite Martinique
In office
1957 – 19 December 1989
Preceded by Hon. Frederick B Paterson
Succeeded by Hon. Nicholas Brathwaite
Premier of Grenada
In office
3 March 1967 – 25 August 1967
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Premier established
Succeeded by Eric Matthew Gairy
Chief Minister of Grenada
In office
September 1962 – March 1967
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Eric Matthew Gairy
Succeeded by Chief Minister abolished
Chief Minister of Grenada
In office
January 1960 – March 1961
Monarch Elizabeth II
Preceded by Eric Matthew Gairy
Succeeded by George E. D. Clyne
Personal details
Born (1918-02-26)February 26, 1918
Beausejour, Carriacou, Grenada
Died December 19, 1989(1989-12-19) (aged 71)
St George's, Grenada
Nationality Carriacouan
Political party Grenada National Party
New National Party
National Party
Spouse(s) Dame Venetia Blaize
Children Norma Blaize
Carol Jerome
Marion Fleary
Samuel Blaize
Marvin Blaize
Christopher Blaize.

Herbert Augustus Blaize PC (February 26, 1918 – December 19, 1989) was a Grenadian politician and leader of the Grenada National Party. When Grenada was still a British Crown Colony he served as the first Chief Minister from 1960 to 1961, and again from 1962 to 1967. He became the first Premier of the autonomous Associated State of Grenada briefly in 1967. In the first free elections following the 1983 coups and the American-led invasion of Grenada, he served as Prime Minister from 1984 until his death in 1989.

Early years[edit]

Blaize was born in the island of Carriacou, which along with the island of Petite Martinique is a part of Grenada.

Grenada National Party[edit]

In 1953 he formed the Grenada National Party as a rival party to the Grenada United Labour Party of Eric Gairy, who would be Blaize's main political rival for the next 25 years. Blaize entered the legislature in 1957 and became Minister of Trade and Production.

Chief Minister and Premier[edit]

He was appointed as Chief Minister in 1960, lost power to Gairy in 1961, and was reappointed in 1962 after Gairy was dismissed. In 1967 Grenada became an associated state within the British Empire, gaining more internal self-government. Soon afterwards, Blaize lost power and Gairy began a long tenure as Prime Minister.[citation needed]

In Opposition[edit]

In 1976 Blaize's center-right National Party joined forces with the left-wing New Jewel Movement led by Maurice Bishop for the elections that year, which Gairy and the GULP won. The alliance between Blaize and Bishop ended by 1979 when Bishop seized power. Blaize retired from politics and moved back to Carriacou, until after the intervention by the United States in 1983.

Prime Minister[edit]

During the election campaign of 1984, Blaize merged his parties with several other center-right parties to form the New National Party, which took 14 of 15 seats in the election. He was sworn in on December 4, 1984, and his Cabinet was announced 11 days later.[citation needed]

In addition to being Prime Minister, Blaize became Minister of Home Affairs, Security, Information, Finance, Trade, Planning, Industrial Development and Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs.[1]

Blaize's government advocated a strong economic and military alliance for Grenada with the United States, and other overseas investment. Blaize was often criticized for being authoritarian.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

He died in December 1989 near St. George's, Grenada, following a several years long battle with prostate cancer, aged 71. Two days before his death, Blaize had been elected the first party leader of the newly formed National Party.

Family[edit]

Hebert Blaize was survived by his wife, Dame Venetia Blaize, DBE (née Venetia Ursula Davidson); three daughters, Norma Blaize (a former Consul-General of Grenada in New York), Carol Jerome and Marion Fleary; three sons,Samuel Blaize, Marvin Blaize and Christopher Blaize. He was also survived by a sister, Muriel Noel.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "January 1985 - General election and resumption of Parliament - Formation of Blaize government - Foreign relations Opening of airport - Start of murder trial", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 31, January 1985, Grenada, page 33,327.
  2. ^ New York Times obituary for Herbert Blaize
  3. ^ Ebony magazine article on Blaize family
Political offices
Preceded by
New Office
Chief Minister of Grenada
January 1960 - March 1961
Succeeded by
George E.D. Clyne
Preceded by
Eric Gairy
Chief Minister of Grenada
September 1962 - 3 March 1967
Succeeded by
Post Abolished
Preceded by
New Office
Premier of Grenada
3 March - 25 August 1967
Succeeded by
Eric Gairy
Preceded by
Nicholas Brathwaite
Prime Minister of Grenada
4 December 1984 - 19 December 1989
Succeeded by
Ben Jones

Source[edit]

  • LA GRENADE : mort du premier ministre., Le Monde. Jeudi 21 décembre 1989, p. 3; accessed October 7, 2006.