Herman Sörgel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Herman Sörgel
Herman Sörgel.jpg
Born (1885-04-02)2 April 1885
Regensburg, Bavaria
Died 25 December 1952(1952-12-25) (aged 67)
Occupation Architect

Herman Sörgel (2 April 1885— 25 December 1952) was a German/ Bavarian architect from the early to mid 1900's. In his lifetime he was known for the ideas and theories of Atlantropa a fully man made continent that would help Europe gain new territories and power while also utilizing a new type of inexhaustible energy and for coming up on new perecicles about architectural space.[1]

Early life[edit]

Herman Sörgel was born in Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany in 1885 to Bavarian parents.[2] From 1904 to 1908 Sörgel studied architecture at The Technical University in Munich.

Written publications[edit]

Some of his publications included:[3]

  • Sörgel, Herman (1929). Mittelmeer-Senkung. Sahara-Bewässerung = Lowering the Mediterranean, Irrigating the Sahara (Panropa Project), pamphlet. Leipzig: J.M. Gebhardt. 
  • Sörgel, Herman (1931). "Europa-Afrika: ein Weltteil" (37). pp. 983–987. Retrieved 2006. 
  • Sörgel, Herman (1932). Atlantropa. Munich: Fretz & Wasmuth, Zurich / Piloty & Löhle. 
  • Sörgel, Herman (1933). Foreword to "Technokratie - die neue Heilslehre" by Wayne W. Parrish. Munich: R. Piper & Co. 
  • Sörgel, Herman (1938). Die drei großen "A". Großdeutschland und italienisches Imperium, die Pfeiler Atlantropas. [Amerika, Atlantropa, Asien]. Munich: Piloty & Loehle. 
  • Sörgel, Herman (1942). Atlantropa-ABC: Kraft, Raum, Brot. Erläuterungen zum Atlantropa-Projekt. Leipzig: Arnd. 
  • Sörgel, Herman (1948). Foreword to "Atlantropa. Wesenszüge eines Projekts" by John Knittel. Stuttgart: Behrendt. 


Sörgel was the originator of the idea of Atlantropa—a utopian continent created by damming the Strait of Gibraltar, the Dardanelles, and the Congo river. His idea called for the damming, and thus lowering, of the Mediterranean Sea level and then making use of the difference between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic sea levels to generate hydro-electric power. Sorgel's idea to lower sea levels would increase the dry land areas around the Mediterranean and provide overland access to Africa. Damming the Congo river would refill the basin surrounding Lake Chad providing fresh water to irrigate the Sahara and shipping access to the African interior.[4][5] Besides creating new bodies of land, the mass amounts of hydro-eclectic energy that would be generating, could account for 50% of Europes energy needs at the time. While Sörgel was dreaming up this idea, he never took in to consideration how other countries would feel or even change. Take Palestine for example, Palestines land mass would increase by 50% because of the water levels dropping. Not to mention that Sorgel would have to go through multiple Middle Eastern countries to get to Africa where most of the major changes would take place.[6]


Sörgel died at the age of 67 shortly after having been struck by a car while on his bicycle en route to a lecture at a German university in Munich. The accident happened on a road "as straight as a die" and the driver of the car was never found.[7]


  1. ^ http://www.damninteresting.com/mediterranean-be-dammed/
  2. ^ http://www.scifiideas.com/science-2/atlantropa-draining-the-mediterranian-sea/
  3. ^ "A Monumental and Fantastically Bad Idea: Draining the Mediterranean". JF Ptak Science Books. 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  4. ^ Ley, Wiley (1959). Engineers' Dreams: Great projects that could come true. Viking Press. 
  5. ^ "The Atlantropa Project". Dieselpunks.org. Retrieved 2013-08-13.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  6. ^ http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/intellect/ijia/2012/00000001/00000002/art00006
  7. ^ Wolfgang Luef (April 2006). "Weltbauen gegen den Untergang" (in German). Datum. Retrieved 14 January 2008.