|• Mayor||Rainer Fischer|
|• Total||73.94 km2 (28.55 sq mi)|
|Elevation||344 m (1,129 ft)|
|• Density||64/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
The municipality borders on, among other municipalities, Oderwitz. It was founded in the early 18th century by German speaking religious exiles from Moravia on the estate of German nobleman Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, after meeting with their leader Christian David, who came from Moravia.
Since 1 January 2013, when Berthelsdorf was incorporated, the municipality contains 11 subdivisions:
- Herrnhut (original town)
- Neundorf auf dem Eigen
According to the Saxon state congress in 1777, Herrnhut contained 76 homes.
In the mid-19th century the population rose above 1,000, and after World War II it reached more than 2,000. Since the 1950s there has been a decline in population, which was compensated for by the incorporation of neighboring municipalities.
Coat of arms
The Herrnhut coat of arms is blue and white, showing the tower of the Altan (the lookout tower) atop the Hutberg hill above the city. The name of Hutberg hill ("Hill of Watching") suggested the name of the Moravian settlement founded by these exiles on the Zinzendorf estate in 1722. Herrn Hut means "the Lord's Watchful care".
Herrnhut has a church and two museums, including a museum of local history. It is the center of the worldwide Moravian Church, the Unitas Fratrum, in German Brüder-Unität or Brüdergemeine. The former Herrnhut train station on the decommissioned railway line Zittau-Löbau has been turned into an art gallery.
Its economy is based on church administration, education, tourism and manufacturing, including a 26-pointed star that is often hung in windows and on porches during the Christmas season, which has been produced for over 150 years. It is called the Moravian Advent Star (Herrnhuter Adventsstern).
Vogtshof Herrnhut - seat of the Moravian Church
Herrnhut railway station also functions as an art gallery
Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf statue in Herrnhut
- "Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen – Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen jeweils am Monatsende ausgewählter Berichtsmonate nach Gemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). 17 June 2013.
- Digitales Historisches Ortsverzeichnis von Sachsen Retrieved 14 April 2012
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Herrnhut.|