Herrnhut

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Herrnhut
Coat of arms of Herrnhut
Coat of arms
Herrnhut  is located in Germany
Herrnhut
Herrnhut
Coordinates: 51°01′00″N 14°44′30″E / 51.01667°N 14.74167°E / 51.01667; 14.74167Coordinates: 51°01′00″N 14°44′30″E / 51.01667°N 14.74167°E / 51.01667; 14.74167
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Görlitz
Subdivisions 11
Government
 • Mayor Rainer Fischer
Area
 • Total 73.94 km2 (28.55 sq mi)
Elevation 344 m (1,129 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 6,335
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 02747
Dialling codes 035873
Vehicle registration GR
Website www.herrnhut.de

Herrnhut (Sorbian: Ochranow; Czech: Ochranov) is a municipality in Görlitz district in eastern Saxony, Germany. Herrnhut is also the name of the largest town in the municipality.

It is located on the road Bundesstraße 178, and on the Löbau–Zittau railway. Herrnhut is 10 km south-east of Löbau, 15 km north-west of Zittau, and 25 km south-west of Görlitz.

The municipality borders on, among other municipalities, Oderwitz. It was founded in the early 18th century by German speaking religious exiles from Moravia on the estate of German nobleman Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, after meeting with their leader Christian David, who came from Moravia.

Subdivisions[edit]

Since 1 January 2013, when Berthelsdorf was incorporated, the municipality contains 11 subdivisions:

Population[edit]

Year 1834 1871 1890 1910 1925 1939 1946 1950 1964 1990 2000 2010
Population 899 1092 1139 1364 1664 1627 2024 2025 1808 1754 2842 4963

According to the Saxon state congress in 1777, Herrnhut contained 76 homes.

In the mid-19th century the population rose above 1,000, and after World War II it reached more than 2,000. Since the 1950s there has been a decline in population, which was compensated for by the incorporation of neighboring municipalities.[2]

Location maps[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

The Herrnhut coat of arms is blue and white, showing the tower of the Altan (the lookout tower) atop the Hutberg hill above the city. The name of Hutberg hill ("Hill of Watching") suggested the name of the Moravian settlement founded by these exiles on the Zinzendorf estate in 1722. Herrn Hut means "the Lord's Watchful care".

Culture[edit]

Herrnhut has a church and two museums, including a museum of local history. It is the center of the worldwide Moravian Church, the Unitas Fratrum, in German Brüder-Unität or Brüdergemeine. The former Herrnhut train station on the decommissioned railway line Zittau-Löbau has been turned into an art gallery.

Economy[edit]

Its economy is based on church administration, education, tourism and manufacturing, including a 26-pointed star that is often hung in windows and on porches during the Christmas season, which has been produced for over 150 years. It is called the Moravian Advent Star (Herrnhuter Adventsstern).

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]