|Location||North Truro, Massachusetts|
|Year first constructed||1797|
|Year first lit||1857 (current structure)|
|Markings / pattern||White with black lantern|
|Height||66 feet (20 m)|
|Focal height||170 feet (52 m)|
|Original lens||1st order Fresnel lens|
|Range||18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 5s, lighted continuously|
Highland Light Station
|Location||Off SR 6, Truro, Massachusetts|
|Area||6.5 acres (2.6 ha)|
|Architectural style||Queen Anne|
|Part of||Truro Highlands Historic District (#11000823)|
|MPS||Lighthouses of Massachusetts TR|
|NRHP Reference #||87001463|
|Added to NRHP||June 15, 1987|
|Designated CP||November 22, 2011|
The Highland Light (previously known as Cape Cod Light) is an active lighthouse on the Cape Cod National Seashore in North Truro, Massachusetts. It is the oldest and tallest lighthouse on Cape Cod. The grounds are open year-round, while the light is open to the public from May until late October, with guided tours available. It is owned by the National Park Service, and cared for by the Highland Museum and Lighthouse, Inc., while the United States Coast Guard operates the light itself. The United States Navy ship USS Highland Light (IX-48) was named after the light. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Highland Light Station.
In 1797, a station authorized by George Washington was established at this point on the Cape, with a wood lighthouse to warn ships about the dangerous coastline between Cape Ann and Nantucket. It was the first light on Cape Cod. In 1833, the wood structure was replaced by brick and in 1840 a new lantern and lighting apparatus was installed. In 1857 the lighthouse was declared dangerous and demolished, and the current brick tower was constructed, with a first order Fresnel lens from Paris. Along with the lighthouse, there was a keeper's building and a generator shed, both of which can still be seen today.
In 1932 the lamp was upgraded to a 1000-watt beacon. The Fresnel lens system was replaced by a Carlisle & Finch DCB-224, with a second unit as backup. Unfortunately, the Fresnel lens was largely destroyed when it was removed in 1998, but fragments are on display in the museum on site. Finally, in 1998, a VRB-25 optical system was installed.
The present location of the lighthouse is not the original site. It was in danger of falling down the cliff due to beach erosion, so the structure was moved 450 feet (140 m) to the west. The move was accomplished by International Chimney Corp. of Buffalo, New York and Expert House Movers of Maryland over a period of 18 days in July, 1996. It is now on the grounds of the Highland Golf Course. After an errant golf ball broke a window, they were replaced with unbreakable material.
|Images of the Cape Cod (Highland) Light|
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Barnstable County, Massachusetts
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cape Cod National Seashore
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 7.
- Rowlett, Russ (2009-09-07). "Lighthouses of the United States: Southeast Massachusetts". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Connally, E. A. "Highland Lighthouse" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 1. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- Media related to Highland Light at Wikimedia Commons
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. MA-750, "Highland Lighthouse, Highland Road, Truro, Barnstable County, MA", 1 photo, 5 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- Expert House Movers of Maryland
- International Chimney Corp. of Buffalo, NY
- "The Highland Light". The Thoreau Reader: Annotated Works of Henry David Thoreau. Eserver.org. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
- 360° view atop Highland Light at Google Maps Views