Holland McTyeire Thompson (July 30, 1873 – October 21, 1940), was an American historian who wrote about the New South.
Thompson was born in Randolph County, North Carolina, and graduated from the University of North Carolina. He served as a high school principal at Concord High School in Concord, North Carolina from 1895–99, where he wrote an essay about the transformation of southern culture from a rural agricultural to textile/manufacturing way of life that he witnessed while an educator in Concord. This essay, in part, gained Thompson admittance to Columbia University where he received his Ph.D. in 1901, and became a full professor of history at City College of New York.
Thompson, while professor at CCNY, was among the leading scholar/historians of the social and industrial transformation of the New South in the early decades of the 20th century.