Honorary city titles in Nazi Germany

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In Nazi Germany, the state gave a number of honorary titles to certain German cities.

The following cities were given an honorary title during 1933-1939:[1]

City Honorary title In English Since Note
Berlin-Friedrichshain Horst-Wessel-Stadt "Horst Wessel City" 1933
Braunschweig Die deutsche Siedlungsstadt "German Settlement City" Self-assigned title.[2]
Bremen

Stadt der Kolonien

Hauptstadt der deutschen Schiffahrt

"City of the Colonies"

"Capital of German Shipping"

1933 [3]

Shared with the city of Hamburg, see below.[4]

Chemnitz Hauptstadt der deutschen Industrie "Capital of German Industry" 1933 Shared with the city of Essen, see below.[4]
Coburg Erste nationalsozialistische Stadt Deutschlands "First National Socialist City of Germany" 1939 Coburg was the first German city in which the NSDAP won the absolute majority of the popular votes during municipal elections.
Cologne Hauptstadt des deutschen Handels "Capital of German Trade" 1933 Shared with the city of Leipzig, see below.[4]
Essen Hauptstadt der deutschen Industrie "Capital of German Industry" 1933 Shared with the city of Chemnitz, see above.[4]
Frankfurt am Main Stadt des deutschen Handwerks "City of German Crafts" 1935 See Friedrich Krebs (mayor)
Goslar Reichsbauernstadt "Reich Peasant City" 1936 [5]
Graz Stadt der Volkserhebung "City of the Popular Uprising" 25 July 1938 Given because of pre-Anschluss pro-Nazi demonstrations.[6]
Hamburg Hauptstadt der deutschen Schiffahrt "Capital of German Shipping" 1933 Shared with the city of Bremen, see above.[4]
Innsbruck Stadt der deutschen Bergsteiger "City of the German Mountaineers"
Landsberg am Lech Stadt der Jugend "City of the Youth" 1937 [7]
Leipzig

Reichsmessestadt

Hauptstadt des deutschen Handels

"Reich Fair City"

"Capital of German Trade""

20 December 1937

1933

[8]

Shared with the city of Cologne, see above.[4]

Linz First:
Jugendstadt des Führers
Heimatstadt des Führers
First:
"Youth City of the Führer"
"Home City of the Führer"
Adolf Hitler spent much of his youth in Linz, and continued to consider it his home town for the rest of his life.
Later:

Gründungsstadt des Großdeutschen Reichs

Patenstadt des Führers

Later:

"City of the Founding of the Greater German Reich"

"Patronage City of the Führer"

1938 The law which formally legalized the incorporation of Austria into the German Reich was signed in Linz on 13 March 1938 by Hitler and Arthur Seyss-Inquart, then-Chancellor of the Austrian Republic.
Munich

Hauptstadt der deutschen Kunst

Hauptstadt der Bewegung

Merged title:

Hauptstadt der Bewegung und Hauptstadt der deutschen Kunst

"Capital of German Art"

"Capital of the Movement"

Merged title:

"Capital of the Movement and Capital of German Art"

1933

1935

1938

"The Movement" meaning the Nazi Party, which was founded and headquartered in Munich.


The dual titles were merged into one according to a May 1938 Hitler decree[9]

Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz Dietrich-Eckart-Stadt "Dietrich Eckart City"
Nuremberg Stadt der Reichsparteitage "City of the Reich Party Conventions" 7 July 1936 Center of the annual Nuremberg Rallies)[10]
Salzburg Stadt der Lebensforschung "City of Life Sciences"
Salzgitter Officially:

Stadt der Hermann-Göring-Werke

Informally:

Hermann-Göring-Stadt

Officially:

"City of the Hermann-Göring-Werke"

Informally:

"Hermann Göring City"

[11]
Soest Stadt des deutschen Mittelalters "City of the German Middle Ages"
Stuttgart Stadt der Auslandsdeutschen "City of the Abroad Germans" 1936 [12][13]
Wels Stadt der Bewegung

Patenstadt von Hermann Göring

"City of the Movement"

"Patronage City of Hermann Göring"

[14]
Wolfsburg Stadt des KdF-Wagens "City of the KdF Car" 1938 Unlike the other cities on this list which were merely assigned these honorary titles, Wolfsburg was actually founded under the name Stadt des KdF-Wagens bei Fallersleben, not acquiring its modern name until the post-war denazification process after the Third Reich's defeat in 1945.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fritz Mayrhofer: Die "Patenstadt des Führers", Linz
  2. ^ Verkehrszeitschrift d. St. Braunschweig: Braunschweig - Die deutsche Siedlungsstadt, Siedlungs-So.heft serie 5, 1935
  3. ^ Heinz Gustafsson: Namibia, Bremen und Deutschland, Aschenbeck & Holstein, 2003, ISBN 3-932292-40-5
  4. ^ a b c d e f Donath, Matthias (2007). Architektur in München 1933-1945: ein Stadtführer, p. 10. Lukas Verlag, Berlin.
  5. ^ P. Schyga: Von der nationalen Stadt zur Reichsbauernstadt des Nationalsozialismus, Goslar 1918 - 1945 - Ein historisch-politischer Essay, Bielefeld, 1999.
  6. ^ Helmut Konrad / Andrea Strutz: Graz - "Stadt der Volkserhebung", March 2007
  7. ^ Manfred Deiler: Landsberg wird zum Wallfahrtsort des Nationalsozialismus, Landsberg, 2005
  8. ^ Leipzig-Lexikon: Register R: „Reichsmessestadt“
  9. ^ Spotts, Frederic (2003). Hitler and the Power of Aesthetics, p. 368. Pimlico, London.
  10. ^ Alexander Schmidt: Geländebegehung. Das Reichsparteitagsgelände in Nürnberg, tredje helt omarbetade upplagan, Nürnberg 2002
  11. ^ Forndran, Erhard (1984). Die Stadt- und Industriegründungen Wolfsburg und Salzgitter, p. 394. Campus.
  12. ^ Stadt Stuttgart: Karl Strölin (1890-1963)
  13. ^ Roland Müller: Die Stuttgarter Kriegsfilmchronik - Ein besonderer Bestand im Stadtarchiv (Uppsats)
  14. ^ Hauch et al 2001, NS-Zwangsarbeit: der Standort Linz der Reichswerke Hermann-Göring-AG Berlin, 1938-1945. Zwangsarbeit-Sklavenarbeit : Politik-, social- und wirtschaftshistorische Studien, vol. 1, p. 29, ISBN 3-205-99417-5