Hugh X of Lusignan

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Hugh X
Hugues le Brun.jpg
Seal of Hugh X of Lusignan, showing him in hunting costume holding a small hunting dog behind the croup of his saddle, following the usual imagery in the seals of his family[1]
Count of La Marche
Reign 5 November 1219 – 5 June 1249
Spouse Isabel of Angoulême
Issue Hugh XI of Lusignan
Aymer de Lusignan
Agathe de Lusignan
Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey
Guy de Lusignan
Geoffroi de Lusignan
William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke
Marguerite de Lusignan
Isabella of Lusignan
House House of Lusignan
Father Hugh IX of Lusignan
Mother Mathilde of Angoulême
Born c. 1183/1195
Died 1249 (aged 65–66)/1249 (aged 53–54)
Arms of Hugh X of Lusignan. These are the arms of Lusignan Barry argent and azure differenced by a bordure of lions rampant gules
Seal of Hugh X of Lusignan. Legend: "SIGILL(UM) HUGONIS DE LEZINIACO COMITIS ENGOLISM" (Seal of Hugh of Lusignan Count of Angoulême). On the reverse is added "COMITIS MARCHIE" (Count of La Marche). The hunting horn is clearly seen hanging from his neck. National Archives, Paris

Hugh X de Lusignan, Hugh V of La Marche or Hugh I of Angoulême or Hugues X & V & I de Lusignan (c. 1183 or c. 1195 – c. 5 June 1249, Angoulême) succeeded his father Hugh IX as Seigneur de Lusignan and Count of La Marche in November 1219 and was Count of Angoulême by marriage.

His father, Hugh IX de Lusignan was betrothed to marry 12 year-old Isabel of Angoulême in 1200,[2] when King John of England took her for his Queen, an action which resulted in the entire de Lusignan family rebelling against the English king. Following John's death, Queen Isabella returned to her native France, where she married 10 May 1220 Hugh X de Lusignan.[3]

By Hugh's marriage to Isabella, he became Count of Angoulême until her death in 1246. Together they founded the abbey of Valence. They had nine children:

Hugh X was succeeded by his eldest son, Hugh XI of Lusignan.

According to explanations in the manuscripts of Gaucelm Faidit's poems, this troubadour was a rival of Hugh X of Lusignan for the love of Marguerite d'Aubusson.

He was buried at Angoulême.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Seal of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1224. Sceau équestre: le comte à cheval, en costume de chasse, le cor au cou et tenant à la main un petit chien posé sur la croupe du cheval. Legend: * SIGILL’ : HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : ENGOLISME; Revers. Écu burelé. Le champ à arabesques. Legend: + SIGILL’ “ HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : MARCHIE.). Douet d’Arcq, Collection de Sceaux des Archives de l’Empire 1, 1 (1863), 397–398.
  2. ^ Nicholas Vincent, Isabella of Angouleme: John's Jezebel, King John: New Interpretations, ed. S.D. Church, (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1999), 171, 177.
  3. ^ Elizabeth M. Hallam, Capetian France: 987–1328, (Longman, 1990), 136.
  4. ^ Michael Prestwich, Edward I, (University of California Press, 1988), 46.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fonteneau, Tables des Manuscrits 1 (Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de l’Ouest 4) (1839): 195, 197, 202–205, 208, 211–213, 215, 217, 221, 224, 229, 230.
  • Bibliothèque de l’École des Chartes 4th Ser. 2 (1856): 537–545.
  • Douet d’Arcq, Collection de Sceaux des Archives de l’Empire 1(1) (1863): 397–398 (seal of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1224 — Sceau équestre. Le comte à cheval, en costume de chasse, le cor au cou et tenant à la main un petit chien posé sur la croupe du cheval. Legend: * SIGILL’ : HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : ENGOLISME; Revers. Écu burelé. Le champ à arabesques. Legend: + SIGILL’ “ HVGONIS : DE : LEZINIACO : COMITIS : MARCHIE.).
  • Docs. Hist. sur l’Angoumois, 1 (1864): 131–133 (charter of Hugues de Lusignan, Count of La Marche, and his wife, Isabel [“Hysabella”], Countess of La Marche and Angoulême, dated 1226).
  • Teulet, Layettes du Trésor des Chartes, 2 (1866): 38–39, 68, 121, 140, 175–176, 182–183, 241, 313, 453, 457, 476–477, 498–499, 513, 571–572, 574–576, 622–624.
  • Delisle “Chronologie Hist. des Comtes de la Marche” (Bull. Société Archéologique et Hist. de la Charente) 4th Ser. 4 (1867): 3–16.
  • Duval, Cartulaire de l’Abbaye royale de Notre-Dame des Châtelliers (1872): 56 (charter of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1232), 80–81 (charters of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1248), 82–85 (testament of Hugues [X] de Lusignan dated 1248).
  • Pertz, Chronica ævi Suevici (Monumenta Germaniæ Historica, Scriptores 23) (1874): 874 (Chron. of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines: “… que domna Petro de Cortenaio, regis Philippi patruo, peperit comitem Petrum Comitem Autissiodorensem et Robertum de Cortenaio et quendam Guilelmum et sorores eorum. Una Alaydis comiti Guilelmo Ioviniaci peperit comitem Petrum, et post Engolismensi comiti peperit Isabellam modernam Anglie reginam …”).
  • Inventaire Sommaire des Archives départmentales antérieures à 1790: Haute Vienne, Série H. Supp. (1884–7): 58 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1247).
  • La Porta, Les Gens de Qualité en Basse-Marche 1(2) (1886): 1–60 (Généalogie de Lusignan).
  • Richard, Chartes et Docs. pour servir a l’Hist. de l’Abbaye de Saint-Maixent (Archives Hist. du Poitou 18) (1886): 38–39, 45–46 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1221), 46–47 (charter of Hugues X le Brun dated 1222), 59–60 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1233), 65–66 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1235), 79–80 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1248).
  • Biographies des troubadours ed. J. Boutière, A.-H. Schutz (1964): 180–184.
  • Cuttino Gascon Reg. A 2 (1975): 499 (letters of Hugh X de Lusignan dated 1227), 509 (charter of Hugues X de Lusignan dated 1224), 510.
  • Debord, Cartulaire de Saint-Amand-de-Boixe (1982): 271–272 (charters of Hugh de Lusignan and his wife, Isabel, Queen of England, dated 1224 and 1225), 300.
  • Recueil des Documents de l’Abbaye de Fontaine-le-Comte (Société des archives historiques du Poitou 61) (1982): 82 (will of Hugues [X] de Lusignan), 87 (another will of Hugues [X] de Lusignan).
  • Sayers, Papal Government & England during the Pontificate of Honorius III (1216–1227) (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life & Thought 3rd Ser. 21) (1984): 232.
  • Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln n.s. 3(4) (1989): 816 (sub Lusignan).
  • Sayers, Original Papal Docs. in England & Wales (1999): 44.
Preceded by
Hugh IX
Count of La Marche
1219–1249
Succeeded by
Hugh XI
Preceded by
Aymer Taillefer
Count of Angoulême
1220–1246
With: Isabel of Angoulême