|Hugo Vivian Hope Throssell|
Hugo Throssell VC c.1918
|Born||26 October 1884
Northam, Western Australia
|Died||19 November 1933
Greenmount, Western Australia
|Service/branch||Australian Imperial Force|
|Years of service||1914–1918|
Mention in Despatches
Hugo Vivian Hope Throssell VC (26 October 1884 – 19 November 1933) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Hugo Throssell was born in Northam, Western Australia on 26 October 1884, the son of former Premier of Western Australia George Throssell. In 1914, he joined the 10th Light Horse Regiment, Australian Imperial Force. His brother, Frank Erick Cottrell Throssell, known as Ric, also served in the war and died near Gaza. Hugo Throssell's son Ric Throssell was named after him.
"This experience increased his eagerness to prove himself in battle. He wanted to avenge the 10th L.H.R. which, like so many of the Anzac troops, was battle-worn, sick and depleted. His chance came later that month at Hill 60 during a postponed attempt by British and Anzac troops to widen the strip of foreshore between the two bridgeheads at Anzac and Suvla by capturing the hills near Anafarta. Hill 60, a low knoll, lay about half a mile (0.8 km) from the beach. Hampered by confusion and lack of communication between the various flanks, the battle had been raging for a week with heavy losses."
A few weeks later, he fought at Hill 60:
"On 29–30 August 1915 at Kaiakij Aghala (Hill 60), Gallipoli, Turkey, Second Lieutenant Throssell, although severely wounded in several places, refused to leave his post during a counter-attack or to obtain medical assistance until all danger was passed, when he had his wounds dressed and returned to the firing line until ordered out of action by the Medical Officer. By his personal courage and example he kept up the spirits of his party and was largely instrumental in saving the situation at a critical period."
Whilst recuperating from his wounds in London he was introduced to Katharine Susannah Prichard, who later became a famous Australian author and socialist. He eventually returned to active service, rejoining the 10th Light Horse in the Middle East where he fought in a number of engagements, and achieved the rank of captain. He returned home in 1918 and in 1919 married Prichard.
In the following years Hugo was an outspoken opponent of war, and claimed that the suffering he had seen had made him a socialist. His stance on the futility of war outraged many people, especially as they were coming from a national war hero and the son of a respected and conservative former premier. His very public political opinions badly damaged his employment prospects, and he fell deeply into financial debt. On 19 November 1933, he killed himself (while his wife was away on a trip to the Soviet Union).
Hugo Throssell's Victoria Cross is displayed at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra. In 1983 his son Ric Throssell presented it to People for Nuclear Disarmament. The Returned Services League of Australia bought the medal and presented it to the Australian War Memorial.
Like his father, Ric Throssell also suicided, in 1999, on the day his wife Dodie died after a long illness.
The Hugo Throssell ward at the former Repatriation General Hospital, Hollywood was named in his honour.
Honours and awards
|Victoria Cross (VC)|||
|British War Medal|||
|Victory Medal with palm for Mentioned in Dispatches|||
- REL/11835.001 - Victoria Cross : Second Lieutenant H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Australian War Memorial
- REL/11835.002 - 1914-15 Star : Second Lieutenant H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Australian War Memorial
- REL/11835.003 - British War Medal 1914-20 : Captain H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Australian War Memorial
- REL/11835.004 - Victory Medal : Captain H V H Throssell, 10 Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Australian War Memorial
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- VCs of the First World War - Gallipoli (Stephen Snelling, 1995)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hugo Throssell.|
- Suzanne Welborn, 'Throssell, Hugo Vivian Hope (1884 - 1933)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 12, Melbourne University Press, 1990, pp 223–224.
- Second Lieutenant Hugo Throssell VC, People profiles, Australian War Memorial