List of Australian Victoria Cross recipients
The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour "in the presence of the enemy" to members of the Australia Armed Forces. It may be awarded to a person of any rank in any service, and to civilians under military command. Being the highest award in the Australian Honours Order of Wearing, the Victoria Cross takes precedence over all other postnominals and Australian orders and decorations. The Victoria Cross was instituted by Queen Victoria in 1856, initially to reward acts of valour during the Crimean War. Because of its rarity and inherent significance, the VC is highly prized, both as an award and as a collector's item, with one medal being sold for over A$1 million at auction. Australians have received the Victoria Cross under the Imperial honours system and later under the Australian Honours System, when in 1991 a new but equivalent award was established by letters patent within the Commonwealth of Australia and its Territories, known as the Victoria Cross for Australia. The Victoria Cross for Australia has been awarded only three times: twice to Special Air Service Regiment members and one to a member of the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment. All three were for actions in the War in Afghanistan.
The Imperial Victoria Cross has been awarded to ninety-six Australians—91 were received for actions whilst serving with Australian forces, and another 5 were received for actions whilst serving with South African and British forces. The majority of the awards were for action in the First World War when a total of 64 medals were awarded. Nine of these awards were for action during the Gallipoli Campaign. 20 medals were awarded for action in the Second World War, 6 in the Second Boer War, 4 in the Vietnam War and 2 in the Russian Civil War. Twenty-eight Australians have been awarded the medal posthumously. Notably, one recipient—Captain Alfred Shout VC, MC (who was also Mentioned in Despatches)—was Australia's most decorated soldier of the Gallipoli campaign. His Victoria Cross was posthumously awarded after Shout died of his wounds during the Battle of Lone Pine. Another nineteen VCs have been awarded to soldiers who were either born in Australia, or died there, but did not serve in Australian units and as such these are not included in this list.
With the death of Edward Kenna on 8 July 2009, Keith Payne is the only living recipient of the original Victoria Cross; three recipients of the Victoria Cross for Australia are still serving in the Australian Defence Force.
This along with the *, indicates that the Victoria Cross was awarded posthumously
AWM = This denotes that the medal is held at the Australian War Memorial
||Place of action
||Location of medal
|Anderson, CharlesCharles Anderson||1942||Second World War||2/19th Battalion||Muar River, Malaya||AWM|
|Axford, ThomasThomas Axford||1918||First World War||16th Battalion||Hamel Wood, France||AWM|
|Badcoe, PeterPeter Badcoe||1967*||Vietnam War||Australian Army Training Team||Huong Tra, Vietnam||unknown|
|Beatham, RobertRobert Beatham||1918*||First World War||8th Battalion||Rosieres, France||Queensland Museum
|Bell, FrederickFrederick Bell||1901||Second Boer War||West Australia Mounted Infantry||Transvaal, South Africa||Western Australian
|Birks, FrederickFrederick Birks||1917*||First World War||6th Battalion||Ypres, Belgium||AWM|
|Bisdee, JohnJohn Bisdee||1900||Second Boer War||Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen||Warm Bad, South Africa||Tasmanian Museum
and Art Gallery
|Blackburn, ArthurArthur Blackburn||1916||First World War||10th Battalion||Pozières, France||AWM|
|Borella, AlbertAlbert Borella||1918||First World War||26th Battalion||Villers-Bretonneux, France||Privately held|
|Brown, WalterWalter Brown||1918||First World War||20th Battalion||Villers-Bretonneux, France||AWM|
|Buckley, AlexanderAlexander Buckley||1918*||First World War||54th Battalion||Péronne, France||AWM|
|Buckley, MauriceMaurice Buckley||1918||First World War||13th Battalion||Le Verguier, France||AWM|
|Bugden, PatrickPatrick Bugden||1917*||First World War||31st Battalion||Zonnebeke, Belgium||Queensland Museum
|Burton, AlexanderAlexander Burton||1915*||First World War||7th Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Carroll, JohnJohn Carroll||1917||First World War||33rd Battalion||St. Yves, Belgium||AWM|
|Cartwright, GeorgeGeorge Cartwright||1918||First World War||33rd Battalion||Bouchavesnes, France||Imperial War Museum
|Castleton, ClaudClaud Castleton||1916*||First World War||Australian Machine Gun Corps||Pozières, France||AWM|
|Cherry, PercyPercy Cherry||1917*||First World War||26th Battalion||Lagnicourt, France||AWM|
|Chowne, AlbertAlbert Chowne||1945*||Second World War||2/2nd Battalion||Dagua, New Guinea||AWM|
|Cooke, ThomasThomas Cooke||1916*||First World War||8th Battalion||Pozières, France||Army Museum
|Currey, WilliamWilliam Currey||1918||First World War||53rd Battalion||Péronne, France||AWM|
|Cutler, RodenRoden Cutler||1941||Second World War||2/5th Field Regiment, RRoAA||Merdjayoun-Damour, Lebanon||AWM|
|Dalziel, HenryHenry Dalziel||1918||First World War||15th Battalion||Hamel Wood, France||AWM|
|Dartnell, WilburWilbur Dartnell||1915*||First World War||25th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers||Maktau, Kenya||AWM|
|Davey, PhillipPhillip Davey||1918||First World War||10th Battalion||Merris, France||AWM|
|Derrick, TomTom Derrick||1943||Second World War||2/48th Battalion||Sattelberg, New Guinea||AWM|
|Dunstan, WilliamWilliam Dunstan||1915||First World War||7th Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Dwyer, JohnJohn Dwyer||1917||First World War||Australian Machine Gun Corps||Zonnebeke, Belgium||AWM|
|Edmondson, JohnJohn Edmondson||1941*||Second World War||2/17th Battalion||Tobruk, Libya||AWM|
|Edwards, HughieHughie Edwards||1941||Second World War||No. 105 Squadron RAF||Bremen, Germany||AWM|
|French, JackJack French||1942*||Second World War||2/9th Battalion||Milne Bay, Papua||Privately held|
|Gaby, AlfredAlfred Gaby||1918*||First World War||28th Battalion||Villers-Bretonneux, France||Tasmanian Museum
and Art Gallery
|Gordon, BernardBernard Gordon||1918||First World War||41st Battalion||Bray, France||AWM|
|Gordon, JimJim Gordon||1941||Second World War||2/31st Battalion||Djezzine, Syria||Privately held|
|Gratwick, PercyPercy Gratwick||1942*||Second World War||2/4th Battalion||El Alamein, Egypt||Army Museum of
|Grieve, RobertRobert Grieve||1917||First World War||37th Battalion||Messines, Belgium||Shrine of Remembrance
|Gurney, StanStan Gurney||1942*||Second World War||2/48th Battalion||Tel-el-Eisa, Egypt||AWM|
|Hall, ArthurArthur Hall||1918||First World War||54th Battalion||Péronne, France||AWM|
|Hamilton, JohnJohn Hamilton||1915||First World War||3rd Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Howell, GeorgeGeorge Howell||1917||First World War||1st Battalion||Bullecourt, France||AWM|
|Howse, NevilleNeville Howse||1900||Second Boer War||New South Wales Medical Staff Corps||Vredefort, South Africa||AWM|
|Ingram, GeorgeGeorge Ingram||1918||First World War||24th Battalion||Montbrehain, France||AWM|
|Inwood, RoyRoy Inwood||1917||First World War||10th Battalion||Polygon Wood, Belgium||Adelaide Town Hall|
|Jacka, AlbertAlbert Jacka||1915||First World War||14th Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Jackson, WilliamWilliam Jackson||1916||First World War||17th Battalion||Armentieres, France||Privately held|
|Jeffries, ClarenceClarence Jeffries||1917*||First World War||34th Battalion||Passchendaele, Belgium||Christ Church Cathedral,
|Jensen, JørgenJørgen Jensen||1917||First World War||50th Battalion||Noreuil, France||AWM|
|Joynt, WilliamWilliam Joynt||1918||First World War||8th Battalion||Herleville Wood, France||Privately held|
|Kelliher, RichardRichard Kelliher||1943||Second World War||2/25th Battalion||Nadzab, New Guinea||AWM|
|Kenna, EdwardEdward Kenna||1945||Second World War||2/4th Battalion||Wewak, New Guinea||unknown|
|Kenny, BedeBede Kenny||1917||First World War||2nd Battalion||Hermies, France||AWM|
|Keysor, LeonardLeonard Keysor||1915||First World War||1st Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Kibby, BillBill Kibby||1942*||Second World War||2/48th Battalion||El Alamein, Egypt||AWM|
|Kingsbury, BruceBruce Kingsbury||1942*||Second World War||2/14th Battalion||Isurava, Papua||AWM|
|Leak, JohnJohn Leak||1916||First World War||9th Battalion||Pozières, France||Privately held|
|Lowerson, AlbyAlby Lowerson||1918||First World War||21st Battalion||Mont St. Quentin, France||AWM|
|Mackey, JackJack Mackey||1945*||Second World War||2/3rd Pioneer Battalion||Tarakan Island, Borneo||AWM|
|MacTier, RobertRobert MacTier||1918*||First World War||23rd Battalion||Mont St. Quentin, France||AWM|
|Maxwell, JosephJoseph Maxwell||1918||First World War||18th Battalion||Estrees, France||AWM|
|Maygar, LeslieLeslie Maygar||1901||Second Boer War||5th Victorian Mounted Rifles||Geelhoutboom, South Africa||AWM|
|McCarthy, DominicDominic McCarthy||1918||First World War||16th Battalion||Madam Wood, France||AWM|
|McDougall, StanleyStanley McDougall||1918||First World War||47th Battalion||Dernancourt, France||AWM|
|McGee, LewisLewis McGee||1917*||First World War||40th Battalion||Ypres, Belgium||Queen Victoria Museum
and Art Gallery,
|McNamara, FrankFrank McNamara||1917||First World War||No. 1 Squadron AFC||Tel el Hesi, Palestine||RAF Museum, London|
|Middleton, RonRon Middleton||1942*||Second World War||RAAF attached No. 149 Squadron RAF||Turin, Italy||AWM|
|Moon, MickMick Moon||1917||First World War||58th Battalion||Bullecourt, France||AWM|
|Murray, HarryHarry Murray||1917||First World War||13th Battalion||Gueudecourt, France||Privately held|
|Newland, JamesJames Newland||1917||First World War||12th Battalion||Bapaume, France||AWM|
|Newton, BillBill Newton||1943*||Second World War||No. 22 Squadron RAAF||New Guinea||AWM|
|O'Meara, MartinMartin O'Meara||1916||First World War||16th Battalion||Pozières, France||Army Museum of
|Partridge, FrankFrank Partridge||1945||Second World War||8th (Militia) Battalion||Bougainville, New Guinea||Privately held|
|Payne, KeithKeith Payne||1969||Vietnam War||Australian Army Training Team||Ben Het, Vietnam||Maryborough Military &
|Pearse, SamuelSamuel Pearse||1919*||North Russia Relief Force||45th Battalion, RF||Emtsa, Russia||AWM|
|Peeler, WalterWalter Peeler||1917||First World War||3rd Pioneer Battalion||Ypres, Belgium||AWM|
|Pope, CharlesCharles Pope||1917*||First World War||11th Battalion||Louveral, France||AWM|
|Rattey, RegReg Rattey||1945||Second World War||25th Battalion||Bougainville, New Guinea||Privately held|
|Rogers, JamesJames Rogers||1901||Second Boer War||South African Constabulary||Thaba 'Nchu, South Africa||AWM|
|Ruthven, WilliamWilliam Ruthven||1918||First World War||22nd Battalion||Ville-sur-Ancre, France||AWM|
|Ryan, JohnJohn Ryan||1918||First World War||55th Battalion||Hindenburg Defences, France||AWM|
|Sadlier, CliffordClifford Sadlier||1918||First World War||51st Battalion||Villers-Bretonneux, France||St George's Cathedral
|Shout, AlfredAlfred Shout||1915*||First World War||1st Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Simpson, RayRay Simpson||1969||Vietnam War||Australian Army Training Team||Kontum Province, Vietnam||AWM|
|Starcevich, LeslieLeslie Starcevich||1945||Second World War||2/43rd Battalion||Beaufort, British North Borneo||Army Museum of
|Statton, PercyPercy Statton||1918||First World War||40th Battalion||Proyart, France||AWM|
|Storkey, PercyPercy Storkey||1918||First World War||19th Battalion||Hangard Wood, France||Army Museum
|Sullivan, ArthurArthur Sullivan||1919||North Russia Relief Force||45th Battalion, RF||Sheika River, Russia||AWM|
|Symons, WilliamWilliam Symons||1915||First World War||7th Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Throssell, HugoHugo Throssell||1915||First World War||10th Light Horse||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Towner, EdgarEdgar Towner||1918||First World War||Australian Machine Gun Corps||Mont St. Quentin, France||Privately held|
|Tubb, FrederickFrederick Tubb||1915||First World War||7th Battalion||Gallipoli, Turkey||AWM|
|Wark, BlairBlair Wark||1918||First World War||32nd Battalion||Bellicourt, France||Queensland Museum
|Weathers, LawrenceLawrence Weathers||1918||First World War||43rd Battalion||Peronne, France||Privately held|
|Wheatley, KevinKevin Wheatley||1965*||Vietnam War||Australian Army Training Team||Tra Bong, Vietnam||AWM|
|Whittle, JohnJohn Whittle||1917||First World War||12th Battalion||Boursies, France||AWM|
|Woods, JamesJames Woods||1918||First World War||48th Battalion||Le Verguier, France||AWM|
|Wylly, GuyGuy Wylly||1900||Second Boer War||Tasmanian Imperial Bushmen||Warm Bad, South Africa||Tasmanian Museum
and Art Gallery
Victoria Cross for Australia
||Place of action
||Location of medal
|Donaldson, MarkMark Donaldson||2008||War in Afghanistan||Special Air Service Regiment||Urozgan Province, Afghanistan||AWM|
|Roberts-Smith, BenBen Roberts-Smith||2010||War in Afghanistan||Special Air Service Regiment||Kandahar Province, Afghanistan||AWM|
|Keighran, DanielDaniel Keighran||2010||War in Afghanistan||6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment||Urozgan Province, Afghanistan||AWM|
- "Victoria Crosses at the Australian War Memorial". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- "List of Australian recipients of the Victoria Cross". Anzac Day Commemoration Committee. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- Wigmore, Lionel (1986). They Dared Mightily. Second Edition. Canberra: Australian War Memorial.
- "VC for Australia" (PDF). Australian Government. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Gallipoli VC medal sets auction record". The Age. 2006-07-24. Retrieved 2007-01-30.
- Wigmore 1986, p. 14.
- "Bravery awards at Gallipoli". Australian Government, Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- Wigmore 1986, pp. 180–187.
- "Victoria Crosses held at the Memorial". Australian War Memorial.
- "Major Badcoe's Victoria Cross". South Australian Museum. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
"The Victoria Cross - Major Peter Badcoe". South Australian Museum.
- "Victoria Cross". Queensland Museum South Bank. Government of Queensland. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- Robert Beatham's medal, owned by Mr Neil Jenman and Mrs Ruth Jenman, is on loan to the Queensland Museum until 2012.
- Lieutenant Colonel Frederick William Bell, victoriacross.org.uk
- VC medals in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart, victoriacross.org.uk
- Anthony Staunton, Cartwright, George (1894 - 1978), Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, Melbourne University Press, 1993, p. 379. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
- VC medals in the Army Museum, New Zealand, victoriacross.org.uk
- Items of significance, Army Museum of Western Australia, 4 January 2009. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
- Wilson, Neil (2003-08-09). "Rise & shrine". Herald Sun. p. 6.
- Robert Grieve's medal is on loan to the Shrine by its owners, Wesley College
- "Reginald Roy Inwood’s - Victoria Cross Medal". Adelaide City Council. Retrieved 2008-10-07.
- Capt. Clarence Smith Jeffries Memorial Park (Abermain), Register of War Memorials in New South Wales, 2002. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
- William Joynt's VC medal is thought to be held at Melbourne Grammar School.
- Kenna's VC had been on loan to the AWM since 9 April 2010 - see AWM Media Release 335 - but no longer appears on the War Memorial's list of Victoria Crosses held at the Memorial.
- Co Sergeant Major Lewis McGee, victoriacross.org.uk
- VC medals in the RAF Museum, London, victoriacross.org.uk
- "Keith Payne, VC". Maryborough Military & Colonial Museum. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
- "A History and Detailed Guide to St George's Cathedral", Revised 2007, pp.10&14. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
- Blair Wark's medal, owned by the United Service Club Queensland, is on loan to the Queensland Museum until 2012.
- Whittle's VC has been on loan to the AWM since October 2009 - see AWM Media Release 296.
- Donaldson's VC has been on loan to the AWM since January 2009 - see AWM Media Release 215.
- "Australia’s latest Victoria Cross recipient Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith VC MG views his newly installed panel and medal display for the first time". Media alert. Australian War Memorial. 3 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.