Human trafficking in Japan
|Sources||People’s Republic of China, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, Russia, Latin America|
|Perpetrators||Snakehead, Yakuza, Russian mafia, Triads, Iranian gangs, Nigerian gangs|
The US State Department report on human trafficking states that Japan is a destination and transit country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. It states that the efforts for combating human trafficking does not meet the minimum standard and has placed it as a tier 2 nation. Male and female migrant workers from People's Republic of China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Poland, and other Asian countries are sometimes subject to conditions of forced labor in Japan. Some women and children from East Asia, Southeast Asia, South America, and, in previous years, Russia and Central America, who travel to Japan for employment or fraudulent marriage are forced into prostitution upon arrival. Japan is a transit country for persons trafficked from East Asia to North America. In 2005 Irene Khan, then the Secretary General of Amnesty International, stated that the country was the biggest receiving country for human trafficking and there were a lot of people being trafficked from Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, South America, to Japan.
- "Eliminating criminal organizations from red-light districts all over the country, formulating a reforming plan", December 13, 2004, Yahoo! News (Japanese)
- "Snakeheads in the Garden of Eden: Immigrants, Smuggling, and Threats to Social Order in Japan", H. Richard Friman
- "May 2001 Newspaper Headlines", Hokuriku Economic Federation (Japanese)
- "Japan". Trafficking in Persons Report 2013. U.S. Department of State (June 19, 2013). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Amnesty Secretary General expects Japan's human rights awareness improving", June 6, 2005, Livedoor News (Japanese)