Human trafficking in Japan

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Human trafficking in Japan
Nakasuhakata01.jpg
Red-light districts are popular hangouts for sex workers.[1] (Nakasu, Fukuoka)
Sources People’s Republic of China, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, Russia, Latin America
Perpetrators Snakehead, Yakuza,[2] Russian mafia, Triads, Iranian gangs,[3] Nigerian gangs

The US State Department report on human trafficking states that Japan is a destination and transit country for men, women, and children[4] trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. It states that the efforts for combating human trafficking does not meet the minimum standard and has placed it as a tier 2 nation.[5] Male and female migrant workers from People's Republic of China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Poland, and other Asian countries are sometimes subject to conditions of forced labor in Japan. Some women and children from East Asia, Southeast Asia, South America, and, in previous years, Russia and Central America, who travel to Japan for employment or fraudulent marriage are forced into prostitution upon arrival. Japan is a transit country for persons trafficked from East Asia to North America.[5] In 2005 Irene Khan, then the Secretary General of Amnesty International, stated that the country was the biggest receiving country for human trafficking and there were a lot of people being trafficked from Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, South America, to Japan.[6]

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