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A husbandman in England in the medieval and early modern period was a free tenant farmer or small landowner. The social status of a husbandman was below that of a yeoman. The meaning of "husband" in this term is "master of house" rather than "married man".

The earliest recorded use of the term dates from the Hebrew bible in the Book of Genesis 9:20: "And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard".[1][need quotation to verify]

Origin and etymology[edit]

The term husband refers to Middle English huseband, from Old English hūsbōnda, from Old Norse hūsbōndi (hūs, "house" + bōndi, būandi, present participle of būa, "to dwell", so, etymologically, "a householder").[2]


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