Huttonia

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Huttonia
Huttonia sp. male.jpg
Huttonia sp. (male), from New Zealand
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Palpimanoidea
Family: Huttoniidae
Simon, 1893
Genus: Huttonia
O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879
Species: H. palpimanoides
Binomial name
Huttonia palpimanoides
O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879
Diversity
1 described species
Distribution.huttoniidae.1.png

Huttonia palpimanoides is a spider in its own family, Huttoniidae.

The species is endemic to New Zealand. Fossils of this class have been found from Cretaceous (Campanian) amber from Alberta and Manitoba, Canada, extending the known geological age of the Huttoniidae back about 80 million years, and supporting the theory of H. palpimanoides being an ousted relict species (Penney & Selden, 2006). They are probably closely related to the fossil spider family Spatiatoridae.

The family was divided from the Zodariidae family in 1984, by Forster & Platnick.

Although only one species is described, there are about 20 more undescribed species, all from New Zealand (Forster & Forster, 1999).

The silk of this species is ecribellate (Griswold et al. 1999).

References[edit]

  • Forster, R.R. & Platnick, N.I. (1984). A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae). Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 178: 1-106.
  • Forster, R.R. & Forster, L.M. (1999). Spiders of New Zealand and their Worldwide Kin. University of Otago Pross, Dunedin.
  • Griswold, C.E., Coddington, J.A., Platnick, N.I. and Forster, R.R. (1999). Towards a Phylogeny of Entelegyne Spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27:53-63. PDF
  • Penney, D. & Selden, P.A. (2006). First fossil Huttoniidae (Araneae), in Late Cretaceous Canadian Cedar and Grassy Lake ambers. Cretaceous Research 27:442–446. PDF
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2014): The world spider catalog, version 14.5. American Museum of Natural History. doi:10.5531/db.iz.0001