Hyptis suaveolens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hyptis suaveolens
Hyptis suaveolens (Vilayti Tulsi) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 0117.jpg
Hyptis suaveolens (Vilayti Tulsi) in Hyderabad
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Hyptis
Species: H. suaveolens
Binomial name
Hyptis suaveolens
(L.) Poit. 1806
Hyptis suaveolens essential oil in a clear glass vial

Hyptis suaveolens,[1] pignut or chan, is a branching pseudocereal plant native to tropical regions of Mexico, Central, the West Indies, and South America, as well as being naturalized in tropical parts of Africa, Asia and Australia.[2] It is generally 1–1.5 m (3.3–4.9 ft) tall, occasionally up to 3 m (9.8 ft). Stems are hairy, and square in cross section. Leaves are oppositely arranged, 2–10 cm (0.79–3.94 in) long, with shallowly toothed margins, and emit a strong minty odor if crushed. Flowers are pink or purple, arranged in clusters of 1-5 in the upper leaf axils.[3]


Studies have found that H. suaveolens is effective as an insecticide.[4][5]

H. suaveolens can be made into a refreshing drink by soaking the seeds in water and refrigerating the mix. Some people add lemon or other citrus to improve the taste. H. suaveolens is also a traditional treatment for diarrhea.

See also[edit]

Salvia hispanica


External links[edit]