Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence Research
The Dalle Molle Institute for Artificial Intelligence Research (Italian: Istituto Dalle Molle di Studi sull'Intelligenza Artificiale; IDSIA) was founded in 1988 by the private Dalle Molle foundation. In 2000 it became a public research institute, affiliated with the University of Lugano and SUPSI in Ticino, Switzerland. In 1997 it has been ranked as one of the world's top ten AI labs, and one of the world's top four labs in the field of biologically inspired AI.
One of the main research themes at IDSIA are the Artificial Ants, which are multi-agent methods inspired by the pheromone-based communication of biological ants, pioneered by former IDSIA senior researcher Marco Dorigo and IDSIA's co-director (since 1995) Luca Maria Gambardella. IDSIA's combinations of Artificial Ants and local search algorithms have become a method of choice for numerous optimization tasks involving some sort of graph, such as vehicle routing and internet routing. The burgeoning activity in this field of swarm intelligence has led to numerous commercial applications and specialized conferences dedicated to ant colony optimization algorithms.
Other major research topics in the group of IDSIA's co-director Juergen Schmidhuber (since 1995) include machine learning algorithms for brain-inspired artificial recurrent neural networks, reinforcement learning, evolutionary algorithms and adaptive robotics, complexity theory, in particular the theory of Kolmogorov complexity, theoretically optimal universal decision makers living in environments obeying arbitrary unknown but computable probabilistic laws, and mathematically sound general problem solvers such as Marcus Hutter's asymptotically fastest algorithm for all well-defined problems.
In recent years a robotics lab with focus on intelligent and learning robots, especially in the fields of swarm and humanoid robotics was established. The lab is equipped with a variety of mobile and flying robots and is one of the around 20 labs in the world owning an iCub humanoid robot.
IDSIA is one of three related Swiss research organisations, all founded by the Dalle Molle foundation:
|ISSCO, Geneva||IDSIA, Lugano||IDIAP, Martigny|
|(1973: Linguistic AI)||(1988: Cognitive AI)||(1991: Perceptual AI)|
Notes and references
- X-Lab Survey, Business Week Magazine, 1997
- http://robotics.idsia.ch/ The IDSIA Robotics Lab
- IDSIA home page
- Overview of research activities in the IDSIA Robotics Lab
- Toward Intelligent Humanoids, IM-CLeVeR Project Demonstration Video showing the iCub's abilities (2012)