Ibero-America is a term used since the second half of the 19th century to refer collectively to the countries in the Americas that were formerly colonies of Spain or Portugal. Spain and Portugal are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa, but not the other Portuguese-speaking African countries.
The prefix Ibero- refers to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, consisting of Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar. Ibero-America is formed by all Spanish-speaking and the Portuguese-speaking country of Brazil, but excludes the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy. The exclusion of the French-speaking regions differentiates Ibero-America from Latin America, as well as the inclusion of the European states of the Iberian peninsula if they are included in the definition. The English-speaking countries Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago, as well as Dutch-speaking Suriname are also excluded from Ibero-America. British overseas territories (Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands) as well as Dutch possessions (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Maarten, and Sint Eustatius) in the Caribbean are also excluded from the Ibero-American region.
Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations has organized yearly summits, attended by the heads of state and government of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra.
Countries and population in Europe and the Americas
- Spanish-speaking : (Over 400 million speakers)
- Argentina 38,747,000
- Bolivia 9,182,000
- Chile 16,928,000
- Colombia 45,600,000
- Costa Rica 4,401,000
- Cuba 11,269,000
- Dominican Republic 10,090,000
- Ecuador 13,228,000
- El Salvador 6,881,000
- Guatemala 12,599,000
- Honduras 7,205,000
- Mexico 115,296,000
- Nicaragua 5,487,000
- Panama 3,232,000
- Paraguay 6,158,000
- Peru 27,968,000
- Puerto Rico 3,726,000
- Spain 44,116,000
- Uruguay 3,463,000
- Venezuela 26,749,000
- Portuguese-speaking : (About 212 million speakers)
- Hispanic America
- Latin American integration
- List of current heads of state and government of Ibero-America
- Organization of Ibero-American States
- Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana (OTI)
- Portuguese colonization of the Americas
- Postal Union of the Americas, Spain and Portugal
- Spanish colonization of the Americas
- Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
- Países, Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
- Ibero-American Summit, Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
- pp. 312–313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2915-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iberoamérica.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Iberocoop at Wikimania 2013.|
- (Spanish) Official Web-site for the Organization of Ibero-American States OEI
- (Spanish) Ibero-America's Secretariat General Official Web-site (SEGIB)
- (Spanish) Official Web-site for the Organization of Ibero-American Youth (OIJ)
- (Spanish) Digital History of Ibero-America from the 14th to the 18th century
- (Spanish) Digital News about Ibero-America (La Insignia)
- (Spanish) Cultural Magazine about Ibero-America (Pensar Iberoamerica)
- (Spanish) Official Web-site for one of the most important festivals devoted to Ibero-America (El Ojo de Iberoamerica)