If Women Counted
|If Women Counted: A New Feminist Economics|
|Genre||Political economy, feminism, feminist economics|
|Publisher||Harper & Row, Macmillan‚ Allen & Unwin|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover & Paperback)|
|Pages||386 pp (Harper & Row edition)|
If Women Counted (1988) by Marilyn Waring, former New Zealand Member of Parliament, is an influential book in academic feminism, political economy and feminist economics. The book is a groundbreaking and systematic critique of the system of national accounts, the international standard of measuring economic growth, and the ways in which women's unpaid work as well as the value of Nature have been excluded from what counts as productive in the economy.
The book "persuaded the United Nations to redefine gross domestic product, inspired new accounting methods in dozens of countries and became the founding document of the discipline of feminist economics." A widely cited book, it made the analysis of this topic known to a large audience.
According to Julie A. Nelson,
- "Marilyn Waring's work woke people up. She showed exactly how the unpaid work traditionally done by women has been made invisible within national accounting systems, and the damage this causes. Her book [...] encouraged and influenced a wide range of work on ways, both numerical and otherwise, of valuing, preserving, and rewarding the work of care that sustains our lives. By pointing to a similar neglect of the natural environment, she also issued a wake-up call to issues of ecological sustainability that have only grown more pressing over time. In recent decades, the field of feminist economics has broadened and widened to encompass these topics and more."
The 1995 documentary film Who's Counting? Marilyn Waring on Sex, Lies and Global Economics by Oscar-winning film director Terre Nash is largely based on the book.
In 2013—25 years after the publication of If Women Counted—an anthology named Counting on Marilyn Waring: New Advances in Feminist Economics was published, with contributions of a diverse group of scholars on recent advances in the field of feminist economics.
Originally published by Harper & Row as If Women Counted with an introduction by Gloria Steinem in 1988, it has since also been published by Macmillan under the same title, and by Allen & Unwin and University of Toronto Press as Counting for nothing. The book remains most widely known under the title If Women Counted. The book has been translated into several languages.
- Waring, Marilyn. 1988. If Women Counted: A New Feminist Economics. San Francisco: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-250933-0
- Waring, Marilyn. 1989. If Women Counted: A New Feminist Economics. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-49262-5
- Margunn Bjørnholt and Ailsa McKay (eds.), Counting on Marilyn Waring: New Advances in Feminist Economics, with a foreword by Julie A. Nelson, Toronto, Demeter Press/Brunswick Books, 2013, ISBN 9781927335277
- Barker, Drucilla K.; Kuiper, Edith (2003). Toward a feminist philosophy of economics. New York: Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 0-415-28387-6.
- Langeland, Terje (18 June 2013). "Women Unaccounted for in Global Economy Proves Waring Influence". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- Beneria, Lourdes (2003). Gender, development, and globalization : economics as if all people mattered. New York: Routledge. p. 132. ISBN 0-415-92706-4.
- Nelson, Julie A. (2013). "Foreword". In Bjørnholt, Margunn; McKay, Ailsa. Counting on Marilyn Waring: New Advances in Feminist Economics. Demeter Press/Brunswick Books. ISBN 9781927335277.
- Lorenzo Benet, "Economics And The Invisible Woman", Los Angeles Daily News, April 2, 1989