Ilex cassine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ilex cassine
Ilex cassine leaves and immature fruits
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Aquifoliales
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
Species: I. cassine
Binomial name
Ilex cassine
L.[1]
Ilex cassine range map 4.png
Natural range in United States

Ilex cassine is a holly native to the southeastern coast of North America, in the United States from Virginia to southeast Texas, in Mexico in Veracruz, and in the Caribbean on the Bahamas, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. It is commonly known as Dahoon Holly[1] or Cassena, the latter derived from the Timucua name for I. vomitoria.[2]

It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 10-13 m tall. The leaves are evergreen, 6-15 cm long and 2-4 cm broad, glossy dark green, entire or with a few small spines near the apex of the leaf. The flowers are white, with a four-lobed corolla. The fruit is a red drupe, 5-6 mm in diameter, containing four seeds.[3][4][5]

As with other hollies, it is dioecious with separate male and female plants. Only the females have berries, and a male pollenizer must be within range for bees to pollinate them.

There are three varieties:[1]

  • Ilex cassine var. cassine (United States, Caribbean)
  • Ilex cassine var. angustifolia Aiton. (United States)
  • Ilex cassine var. mexicana (Turcz.) Loes. (Mexico)

Cultivation[edit]

It is grown as an ornamental plant for the attractive bright red berries set against the glossy green leaves. Its original range was close to the coast, but the range has been extended by planting.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Taxon: Ilex cassine L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-04-19. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  2. ^ Austin, Daniel F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. pp. 590–591. ISBN 978-0-8493-2332-4. 
  3. ^ Florida Department of Environmental Protection: Florida's Hollies
  4. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  5. ^ Ilex cassine Fact Sheet

External links[edit]

Media related to Ilex cassine at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Ilex cassine at Wikispecies