Imperatriz

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Imperatriz,Maranhão
Municipality
The Municipality of Imperatriz
Flag of Imperatriz,Maranhão
Flag
Official seal of Imperatriz,Maranhão
Seal
Nickname(s): Portal da Amazônia (Amazon Portal)
Motto: Paz e Progresso (Peace and Progress)
Location of Imperatriz in the State of Maranhão
Location of Imperatriz in the State of Maranhão
Location of Imperatriz,Maranhão
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast
State Bandeira do Maranhão.svg Maranhão
Founded July 16, 1856
Government
 • Mayor Sebastião Madeira (PSDB)
Area
 • Municipality 1,367.9 km2 (528.1 sq mi)
Elevation 95 m (312 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Municipality 250,063 (110 th)
 • Metro 526,116
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 65900-000
HDI (2000) 0.722 – high
Website Imperatriz, Maranhão

Imperatriz is the second most populated city in the Brazilian state of Maranhão. The city extends along the right bank of the Tocantins River and is crossed by the Belém-Brasília Highway, standing on the border with the state of Tocantins.

Imperatriz is the largest commercial crossing point, energy and economic center of Maranhão and the second largest populational, economical, political and cultural center in the state and has a strategic position not only useful to the state but also for the whole north of Brazil. Imperatriz is a cross between the production of soy of Balsas, in southern Maranhão, timber extraction on the border with Pará state, with steel produced and processed in Açailândia in and family farming in the rest of the state, with emphasis on rice production as well as future potential of power generation and pulp with the implementation of hydroelectric of Estreito, hydroelectric of Serra Quebrada and the Suzano Pulp and Paper factory. Besides these capabilities, the city is a center for mining, mainly in the reserve of Ciriaco, a neighboring region. To provide logistical support to all these activities, Imperatriz is a local wholesale and retail center for goods from the south of Maranhao, north of Tocantins, and east of Pará. For transportation, Imperatriz has the Belém-Brasília highway, the Tocantins River, and the North-South and the Carajás Railroads. In addition, the main lines of electricity transmission for Maranhao and other states pass near the city.

Today, by virtue of its performance in the sectors of trade and services, Imperatriz holds the position of second largest economic, political, cultural and population center of the state and the main region that binds the southwest of Maranhão, northern of Tocantins and the southern of Pará. The history and development of Imperatriz gave it several titles including the "Gateway of the Amazon" and "Capital of Energy."

Geography[edit]

Dom Felipe Gregory Bridge over Tocantins River

Western Maranhão forms the boundary between the Amazon Rainforest and the vast savanna region, known as the Cerrado. Imperatriz is the place of intersection of many major roads and waterways. The landscape is characterized by gallery forests and stream valleys. Humid fields and palm paths are found where the water table is near the surface. Cerrado trees have twisted trunks covered by a thick bark, and leaves which are usually broad and rigid. Most trees are evergreen, but some lose their leaves during the dry season. The thick bark and roots are adaptations for the periodic fires which sweep the landscape. This adaptation protect the plants from destruction and make them capable of sprouting again after the fire.

Climate[edit]

Stone waterfall and walkway.

Imperatriz has a true tropical climate, and is well known for its changeable weather conditions, with a wet season, during spring and summer months (November to April), and a dry one, during fall and winter months (May to November). In fact, July and August are the hottest and coldest months at once, when temperatures can range from 13°C to over 40°C within a single day, the fells like is aways over 36°- 42°. Occasional cold snaps can make temperatures drop to as low as 20°C, often made to feel colder because of the windchill, but temperatures below 15°C are rare. This has a lot to do with why Imperatriz has a reputation for "four seasons in one day". It is not a city known for its stable weather patterns. The city has been described by locals as a city where you "wait five minutes and the weather will change", the locals even have a saying that goes like "beautiful one moment, crap the next".

Climate data for Imperatriz
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
15
(59)
15
(59)
17
(63)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
22
(72)
Precipitation cm (inches) 22
(8.7)
22
(8.7)
19
(7.5)
19
(7.5)
5
(2)
1
(0.4)
0.6
(0.24)
1
(0.4)
3
(1.2)
5
(2)
12
(4.7)
19
(7.5)
132
(52)
Source: Weatherbase[1]

Economy[edit]

Most of the city's active labor is absorbed by the commerce and services. In spite of that, the primary and secondary sectors, especially agribusiness, still play an important role in the local economy. The farming of bovine livestock supplies local slaughterhouses, which in turn allows Imperatriz to export meat to other states in Brazil and abroad. In addition to food processing and agribusiness, construction and non-metallic mineral processing are important. The area's most important crops are soy, rice and manioc. Recently, sugar cane is becoming important as well. According to IBGE, Imperatriz has a total of 5,657 commercial and 730 industrial enterprises.

The city is served by Pref. Renato Moreira Airport

Demographics[edit]

Interior of the church.
  • Total Population: 236,691
  • Urban Population: 218,555
  • Rural Population: 11,895
  • Males: 110,739
  • Females: 119,711
  • Population Density: 150.52 people/km² (389.9 people/mi2
  • Population Growth: 0.5% (from 1996-03-01 to 2000-08-01)
  • Urbanization Rate: 94.84%

(Source: IBGE/2000)

References[edit]

Coordinates: 5°32′S 47°29′W / 5.533°S 47.483°W / -5.533; -47.483