List of largest cities in Brazil

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Population distribution in Brazil.

Brazil has a high level of urbanization: 81 out of every 100 Brazilians living in cities. The criteria used by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in determining whether households are urban or rural, however, are based on political divisions, not on the built environment.

A Town is any seat of a district (the lowest political division); a city is the seat of a municipality. Nowadays, the country has more than 5,564 municipalities.[1] About 81.3% of Brazilians live in an urban area.

The state capitals are also the largest city in their respective state, exceptions being Florianópolis (which is the capital and the second largest city of Santa Catarina state) and Vitória (which is the capital but only the fourth largest city of Espírito Santo state). There are also non-capital metropolitan areas in São Paulo (Campinas, Santos, Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais (Vale do Aço), Bahia (Feira de Santana), Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley), Santa Catarina (Joinville, Itajaí Valley), among others.

Most of the non-capital large cities in Brazil are in the states of São Paulo (25), Rio de Janeiro (9), Minas Gerais (8), Rio Grande do Sul (7), Paraná (6) and Pernambuco (5).

Most populous cities and state capitals[edit]

1 – São Paulo
3 – Salvador
4 – Brasília
5 – Fortaleza
7 – Manaus
8 – Curitiba
9 – Recife
10 – Porto Alegre
11 – Belém
12 – Goiânia

This is a list of the most populous cities based on the population of the municipality where the city is located, rather than its metropolitan area.

IBGE estimates of 1 July 2014[2]
State capitals are in bold. The first rank tells the list of largest cities in Brazil, the second rank is by state capitals and the third by non-capitals. Palmas is the only state capital not listed.
Rank Rank Rank City State Population
1 1 São Paulo  São Paulo 11,895,893
2 2 Rio de Janeiro  Rio de Janeiro 6,453,682
3 3 Salvador  Bahia 2,902,927
4 4 Brasília  Distrito Federal 2,852,372
5 5 Fortaleza  Ceará 2,571,896
6 6 Belo Horizonte  Minas Gerais 2,491,109
7 7 Manaus  Amazonas 2,020,301
8 8 Curitiba  Paraná 1,864,416
9 9 Recife  Pernambuco 1,608,488
10 10 Porto Alegre  Rio Grande do Sul 1,472,482
11 11 Belém  Pará 1,432,844
12 12 Goiânia  Goiás 1,412,364
13 1 Guarulhos  São Paulo 1,312,197
14 2 Campinas  São Paulo 1,154,617
15 13 São Luís  Maranhão 1,064,197
16 3 São Gonçalo  Rio de Janeiro 1,031,903
17 14 Maceió  Alagoas 1,005,319
18 4 Duque de Caxias  Rio de Janeiro 878,402
19 15 Natal  Rio Grande do Norte 862,044
20 16 Campo Grande  Mato Grosso do Sul 843,120
21 17 Teresina  Piauí 840,600
22 5 São Bernardo do Campo  São Paulo 811,489
23 6 Nova Iguaçu  Rio de Janeiro 806,177
24 18 João Pessoa  Paraíba 780,738
25 7 Santo André  São Paulo 707,613
26 8 Osasco  São Paulo 693,271
27 9 São José dos Campos  São Paulo 681,036
28 10 Jaboatão dos Guararapes  Pernambuco 680,943
29 11 Ribeirão Preto  São Paulo 658,059
30 12 Uberlândia  Minas Gerais 654,681
31 13 Contagem  Minas Gerais 643,476
32 14 Sorocaba  São Paulo 637,187
33 19 Aracaju  Sergipe 623,766
34 15 Feira de Santana  Bahia 612,000
35 20 Cuiabá  Mato Grosso 575,480
36 16 Joinville  Santa Catarina 554,601
37 17 Juiz de Fora  Minas Gerais 550,710
38 18 Londrina  Paraná 543,003
39 19 Aparecida de Goiânia  Goiás 511,323
40 20 Ananindeua  Pará 499,776
41 21 Niterói  Rio de Janeiro 495,470
42 21 Porto Velho  Rondônia 494,013
43 22 Campos dos Goytacazes  Rio de Janeiro 480,648
44 23 Belford Roxo  Rio de Janeiro 479,386
45 24 Serra  Espírito Santo 476,428
46 25 Caxias do Sul  Rio Grande do Sul 470,223
47 26 Vila Velha  Espírito Santo 465,690
48 22 Florianópolis  Santa Catarina 461,524
49 27 São João de Meriti  Rio de Janeiro 460,711
50 30 Mauá  São Paulo 448,776
51 23 Macapá  Amapá 446,757
52 28 São José do Rio Preto  São Paulo 438,354
53 29 Santos  São Paulo 433,565
54 31 Mogi das Cruzes  São Paulo 419,839
55 32 Betim  Minas Gerais 412,003
56 33 Diadema  São Paulo 409,613
57 34 Campina Grande  Paraíba 402,912
58 35 Jundiaí  São Paulo 397,965
59 36 Maringá  Paraná 391,698
60 37 Montes Claros  Minas Gerais 390,212
61 38 Carapicuíba  São Paulo 390,073
62 39 Olinda  Pernambuco 388,821
63 40 Piracicaba  São Paulo 388,412
64 41 Cariacica  Espírito Santo 378,915
65 42 Bauru  São Paulo 364,562
66 24 Rio Branco  Acre 363,928
67 43 Anápolis  Goiás 361,991
68 44 São Vicente  São Paulo 353,040
69 25 Vitória  Espírito Santo 352,104
70 45 Caucaia  Ceará 349,526
71 46 Itaquaquecetuba  São Paulo 348,739
72 47 Caruaru  Pernambuco 342,328
73 48 Pelotas  Rio Grande do Sul 342,053
74 49 Vitória da Conquista  Bahia 340,199
75 50 Canoas  Rio Grande do Sul 339,979
76 51 Franca  São Paulo 339,461
77 52 Ponta Grossa  Paraná 334,535
78 53 Blumenau  Santa Catarina 334,002
79 54 Petrolina  Pernambuco 326,017
80 55 Paulista  Pernambuco 319,769
81 56 Ribeirão das Neves  Minas Gerais 319,310
82 57 Uberaba  Minas Gerais 318,813
83 26 Boa Vista  Roraima 314,900
84 58 Cascavel  Paraná 309,259
85 59 Guarujá  São Paulo 308,989

Brazil's population, as recorded by the 2010 Census, was of 190,755,799 million inhabitants[3] (22.40 inhabitants per square kilometer), with 84.36% of the population defined as urban. The population is heavily concentrated in the Southeast (80,4 million) and Northeast (53.1 million).

Largest metropolitan areas[edit]

This list ranks metropolitan areas and/or urban agglomerations by population. The list is taken from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics data from 2014.[4]

Rank City State Population
1 São Paulo  São Paulo 20,935,204
2 Rio de Janeiro  Rio de Janeiro 12,116,616
3 Belo Horizonte  Minas Gerais 5,783,773
4 Porto Alegre  Rio Grande do Sul 4,181,836
5 Distrito Federal e Entorno  Distrito Federal 4,118,154
6 Salvador  Bahia 3,919,864
7 Recife  Pernambuco 3,887,261
8 Fortaleza  Ceará 3,818,380
9 Curitiba  Paraná 3,466,981
10 Campinas  São Paulo 3,043,217
11 Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte  São Paulo 2,430,492
12 Goiânia  Goiás 2,384,560
13 Belém  Pará 2,381,661
14 Manaus  Amazonas 2,360,491
15 Vitória  Espírito Santo 1,884,096
16 Baixada Santista  São Paulo 1,781,620
17 Natal  Rio Grande do Norte 1,485,505
18 São Luís  Maranhão 1,403,111
19 Piracicaba  São Paulo 1,400,113
20 Norte/Nordeste Catarinense  Santa Catarina 1,324,173
21 Maceió  Alagoas 1,293,473
22 João Pessoa  Paraíba 1,238,914
23 Teresina  Piauí 1,189,260
24 Florianópolis  Santa Catarina 1,111,702
25 Cuiabá  Mato Grosso 982,258

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Territorial units of the municipality level" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  2. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics". 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 2014 Estimates of Population 
  3. ^ "2010 Census first final results: Brazil has a population of 190,755,799 residents". IBGE.gov.br. 
  4. ^ "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2014". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Retrieved 13 September 2014. 

External links[edit]