List of largest cities in Brazil
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Brazil has a relatively high reported level of urbanization, with 81 out of every 100 Brazilians living in cities. The criteria used by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in determining whether households are urban or rural, however, is based on political divisions, not on the built environment.
A town is any seat of a district (the lowest political division); a city is the seat of a municipality. Nowadays, the country has more than 5,564 municipalities. About 81.3% of Brazilians live in an urban area.
State capitals are usually also the largest city in their respective state, exceptions being Vitória in Espírito Santo, and Joinville which is the largest city in Santa Catarina state surpassing the capital city Florianópolis; there are also non-capital metropolitan areas in São Paulo (Campinas, Santos, Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais (Vale do Aço), Bahia (Feira de Santana), Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley) and Santa Catarina (Joinville & Itajaí Valley).
Largest urban agglomerations
The list includes those urban agglomerations with a population of 1 million or greater.
|1||São Paulo||São Paulo||19,683,975|
|2||Rio de Janeiro||Rio de Janeiro||11,835,708|
|3||Belo Horizonte||Minas Gerais||5,414,701|
|4||Porto Alegre||Rio Grande do Sul||3,958,985|
|15||Baixada Santista (Santos)||São Paulo||1,664,136|
|16||Natal||Rio Grande do Norte||1,351,004|
|21||Norte/Nordeste Catarinense (Joinville)||Santa Catarina||1,094,412|
Most populous cities and state capitals
This is a list of the most populous cities based on the population of the municipality where the city is located, rather than its metropolitan area.
- State capitals are in bold. Second Rank* is by capitals and non-capitals. Palmas is the only state capital not listed.
Brazil's population, as recorded by the 2008 National Household Survey, was approximately 190 million inhabitants (22.31 inhabitants per square kilometer), with 83.75% of the population defined as urban. The population is heavily concentrated in the Southeast (79.8 million) and Northeast (53.5 million).
Source for cities and population:
- Municipalities of Brazil
- List of municipalities of Brazil
- List of largest cities in Brazil by state
- Largest metropolitan areas in the Americas
- Largest cities in the Americas
- Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
- "Territorial units of the municipality level" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-03.
- [dead link]
- "População residente, por situação do domicílio e sexo - Aglomerados urbanos - Brasil". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics". 2008. Retrieved 2007-06-27. "@Cidades"
- "World Urbanization Prospects: File 23". Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. United Nations. April 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
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- (Portuguese) Cidades at IBGE