List of largest cities in Brazil

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Population distribution in Brazil.

Brazil has a relatively high reported level of urbanization, with 81 out of every 100 Brazilians living in cities. The criteria used by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in determining whether households are urban or rural, however, is based on political divisions, not on the built environment.

A town is any seat of a district (the lowest political division); a city is the seat of a municipality. Nowadays, the country has more than 5,564 municipalities.[1] About 81.3% of Brazilians live in an urban area.[2]

State capitals are usually also the largest city in their respective state, exceptions being Vitória in Espírito Santo, and Joinville which is the largest city in Santa Catarina state surpassing the capital city Florianópolis; there are also non-capital metropolitan areas in São Paulo (Campinas, Santos, Paraíba Valley[citation needed]), Minas Gerais (Vale do Aço), Bahia (Feira de Santana)[citation needed], Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley)[citation needed] and Santa Catarina (Joinville & Itajaí Valley).

Most of the non-capital large cities in Brazil are in the states of São Paulo (25), Rio de Janeiro (9), Minas Gerais (8), Rio Grande do Sul (7), Paraná (6) and Pernambuco (5).

Largest urban agglomerations[edit]

1 – São Paulo
5 – Brasília
6 – Recife
7 – Fortaleza
8 – Salvador
9 – Curitiba
10 – Campinas
11 – Goiânia
12 – Manaus
13 – Belém
14 – Vitória
15 – Santos
16 – Natal

This list ranks urban agglomerations by population. The list is taken from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics data from 2010.[3]

The list includes those urban agglomerations with a population of 1 million or greater.

Rank City State Population
1 São Paulo  São Paulo 19,683,975
2 Rio de Janeiro  Rio de Janeiro 11,835,708
3 Belo Horizonte  Minas Gerais 5,414,701
4 Porto Alegre  Rio Grande do Sul 3,958,985
5 Brasília  Distrito Federal 3,717,728
6 Recife  Pernambuco 3,690,547
7 Fortaleza  Ceará 3,615,767
8 Salvador  Bahia 3,573,973
9 Curitiba  Paraná 3,174,201
10 Campinas  São Paulo 2,797,137
11 Goiânia  Goiás 2,173,141
12 Manaus  Amazonas 2,106,322
13 Belém  Pará 2,101,883
14 Vitória  Espírito Santo 1,687,704
15 Baixada Santista (Santos)  São Paulo 1,664,136
16 Natal  Rio Grande do Norte 1,351,004
17 São Luís  Maranhão 1,331,181
18 João Pessoa  Paraíba 1,198,576
19 Maceió  Alagoas 1,156,364
20 Teresina  Piauí 1,150,959
21 Norte/Nordeste Catarinense (Joinville)  Santa Catarina 1,094,412
22 Florianópolis  Santa Catarina 1,012,233

Most populous cities and state capitals[edit]

This is a list of the most populous cities based on the population of the municipality where the city is located, rather than its metropolitan area.

IBGE estimates of 2010[4]
State capitals are in bold. Second Rank* is by capitals and non-capitals. Palmas is the only state capital not listed.
Rank Rank* City State/District Population
1 1 São Paulo  São Paulo 11,244,369
2 2 Rio de Janeiro  Rio de Janeiro 6,323,037
3 3 Salvador  Bahia 2,676,606
4 4 Brasília  Distrito Federal 2,562,963
5 5 Fortaleza  Ceará 2,551,806
6 6 Belo Horizonte  Minas Gerais 2,375,444
7 7 Manaus  Amazonas 1,802,525
8 8 Curitiba  Paraná 1,746,896
9 9 Recife  Pernambuco 1,536,934
10 10 Porto Alegre  Rio Grande do Sul 1,409,939
11 11 Belém  Pará 1,392,031
12 12 Goiânia  Goiás 1,301,892
13 1 Guarulhos  São Paulo 1,222,357
14 2 Campinas  São Paulo 1,080,999
15 3 São Gonçalo  Rio de Janeiro 1,016,128
16 13 São Luís  Maranhão 1,011,943
17 14 Maceió  Alagoas 1,002,675
18 4 Duque de Caxias  Rio de Janeiro 872,762
19 5 Nova Iguaçu  Rio de Janeiro 865,089
20 15 Natal  Rio Grande do Norte 806,203
21 16 Teresina  Piauí 802,537
22 17 Campo Grande  Mato Grosso do Sul 787,204
23 6 São Bernardo do Campo  São Paulo 765,204
24 7 Osasco  São Paulo 730,051
25 18 João Pessoa  Paraíba 702,235
26 8 Jaboatão dos Guararapes  Pernambuco 687,688
27 9 Santo André  São Paulo 683,336
28 10 Uberlândia  Minas Gerais 634,345
29 11 Contagem  Minas Gerais 625,393
30 12 São José dos Campos  São Paulo 615,871
31 13 Feira de Santana  Bahia 591,707
32 14 Sorocaba  São Paulo 586,311
33 15 Ribeirão Preto  São Paulo 563,107
34 19 Cuiabá  Mato Grosso 550,562
35 20 Aracaju  Sergipe 544,039
36 16 Juiz de Fora  Minas Gerais 526,706
37 17 Aparecida de Goiânia  Goiás 510,770
38 18 Londrina  Paraná 510,707
39 19 Ananindeua  Pará 505,512
40 20 Belford Roxo  Rio de Janeiro 501,544
41 21 Joinville  Santa Catarina 497,331
42 22 Niterói  Rio de Janeiro 479,384
43 23 São João de Meriti  Rio de Janeiro 469,827
44 24 Betim  Minas Gerais 441,748
45 25 Campos dos Goitacazes  Rio de Janeiro 434,008
46 26 Santos  São Paulo 433,502
47 27 Mauá  São Paulo 427,512
48 28 São José do Rio Preto  São Paulo 425,261
49 29 Vila Velha  Espírito Santo 413,548
50 30 Caxias do Sul  Rio Grande do Sul 410,166
51 21 Florianópolis  Santa Catarina 408,161
52 31 Serra  Espírito Santo 404,688
53 32 Diadema  São Paulo 401,217
54 33 Olinda  Pernambuco 397,268
55 34 Carapicuíba  São Paulo 392,701
56 35 Campina Grande  Paraíba 383,764
57 22 Porto Velho  Rondônia 382,829
58 36 Mogi das Cruzes  São Paulo 375,268
59 37 Piracicaba  São Paulo 368,843
60 23 Macapá  Amapá 366,484
61 38 Cariacica  Espírito Santo 365,859
62 39 Montes Claros  Minas Gerais 363,227
63 40 Bauru  São Paulo 359,429
64 41 Itaquaquecetuba  São Paulo 359,253
65 42 Jundiaí  São Paulo 349,929
66 43 Ribeirão das Neves  Minas Gerais 349,307
67 44 Pelotas  Rio Grande do Sul 345,181
68 45 Anápolis  Goiás 335,960
69 46 Maringá  Paraná 335,511
70 47 Caucaia  Ceará 334,364
71 48 Canoas  Rio Grande do Sul 332,056
72 49 Franca  São Paulo 330,938
73 50 São Vicente  São Paulo 330,795
74 51 Foz do Iguaçu  Paraná 325,137
75 24 Vitória  Espírito Santo 320,156
76 52 Paulista  Pernambuco 319,373
77 53 Vitória da Conquista  Bahia 318,901
78 54 Petrópolis  Rio de Janeiro 315,119
79 55 Ponta Grossa  Paraná 314,681
80 56 Guarujá  São Paulo 308,058
81 25 Rio Branco  Acre 305,954

Brazil's population, as recorded by the 2008 National Household Survey, was approximately 190 million inhabitants (22.31 inhabitants per square kilometer), with 83.75% of the population defined as urban. The population is heavily concentrated in the Southeast (79.8 million) and Northeast (53.5 million).

Source for cities and population:[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Territorial units of the municipality level" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "População residente, por situação do domicílio e sexo - Aglomerados urbanos - Brasil". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics". 2008. Retrieved 2007-06-27. "@Cidades" 
  5. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: File 23". Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. United Nations. April 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 

External links[edit]