Negev incense route

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev (Haluza, Mamshit, Avdat and Shivta)
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, v
Reference 1107
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2005 (29th Session)
Negev incense route is located in Israel
Avdat
Avdat
Haluza
Haluza
Mamshit
Mamshit
Shivta
Shivta
The Desert Cities

Negev incense route is a World Heritage-designated route in the Negev, southern Israel proclaimed of outstanding universal value by UNESCO in 2005.

Four towns in the Negev Desert are linked directly to the Mediterranean terminus of both the Incense Road and Spice routes: Avdat, Haluza, Mamshit, and Shivta. As a group, these desert cities demonstrate the lucrative trade in frankincense and myrrh that took place from south Arabia to the Mediterranean. At its height, from the 3rd century BC to the 2nd century, the route included cities, Qanat irrigation systems, fortresses, and caravanserai. The vestiges of these works are still visible, and demonstrate the use of the desert for commerce and agriculture.

The Desert Cities
Avdat 
Haluza 
Mamshit 
Shivta 

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Coordinates: 31°05′51″N 34°39′28″E / 31.0975°N 34.6578°E / 31.0975; 34.6578