Indian Springs, Nevada

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Indian Springs, Nevada
Unincorporated town
Indian Springs Nevada 2.jpg
Location of Indian Springs in Clark County, Nevada
Location of Indian Springs in Clark County, Nevada
Coordinates: 36°34′18″N 115°40′38″W / 36.57167°N 115.67722°W / 36.57167; -115.67722Coordinates: 36°34′18″N 115°40′38″W / 36.57167°N 115.67722°W / 36.57167; -115.67722
Country United States
State Nevada
Area
 • Total 18.0 sq mi (46.6 km2)
 • Land 18.0 sq mi (46.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 3,169 ft (966 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 991
 • Density 55/sq mi (21/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 89018
Area code(s) 702
FIPS code 32-35300
GNIS feature ID 0847373
Website Indian Springs Town Advisory Board

Indian Springs is an unincorporated town and census-designated places in Clark County, Nevada, United States. The population was 991 at the 2010 census.[1]

History[edit]

In 1906 Indian Springs became a way station and watering place for the Las Vegas and Tonopah Railroad. The original rail line ran along what is now known as Winston Road. The LV&T ceased operation in 1918.

Wild Bill

George and Belle Lattimer owned a ranch where the Indian Springs casino is now located. In 1906, George was bitten by an insect (maybe a Brown Recluse) and Belle hitched the wagon to take him into the doctor. A 16 year old Paiute Indian boy named Coachie Siegmuller was left to watch the ranch. While they were gone Coachie saw another Paiute named Bill “Wild Bill” Williams approached the ranch. Wild Bill was known as a “Bad Indian” and Coachie was terrified of him. Williams was notorious for exploiting young Paiute men by hiring them out to local ranchers and then pocketing their wages. Williams was there that day to collect some of these wages. Finding no one home, Wild Bill stretched out on the porch and was soon fast asleep. Coachie felt he needed to defend the ranch and fetched a rifle from the kitchen. He silently crept up on Wild Bill and shot him in the head. He pled guilty to the murder and was sentenced to death. The Paiute reservation threatened to go to war over this and to keep the peace Coachie was sentenced three years in the Carson City prison. The Lattimers buried Wild Bill behind the ranch. Dogs kept digging him up so he was buried a few times before he stayed put.[2]

The Air Field

Indian Springs Auxiliary Airfield also known as Indian Springs Field,was rapidly constructed in Nevada the month after the Pearl Harbor attack. Indian Springs was immediately entered into service as a training camp for Army Air Force B-25 air-to-air gunnery training, and as a divert field for Las Vegas Army Airfield. In 1947 Las Vegas AAF inactivated, and so did Indian Springs.

One year later, Indian Springs was reactivated as Indian Springs Air Force Base, with a new role as a new weapons systems and aircraft research and testing. Among these missions were support for nuclear arms testing at the Nevada Proving Grounds, high altitude balloon search and retrieval, new gunnery and rocketry systems, and testing of experimental aircraft. For a period of the 1950s and 1960s Indian Springs housed some of the most advanced aircraft and air weapons systems in the world.

In the 1960s Indian Springs was transferred to Tactical Air Wing and re-designated as Indian Springs Air Force Auxiliary Field. Indian Springs mission was focused on monitoring of Nellis range, and became the remote training site of the USAF Thunderbirds elite air demonstration squadron. The 1982 "Diamond Crash" caused the deaths of four Thunderbird pilots and hastened their transition from the T-38A Talon to the F-16C Fighting Falcon.[3]

Indian Springs was renamed Creech Air Force Base in 2005, in honor of General Wilbur L. "Bill" Creech,[4] former commander of Tactical Air Command. Also in the 2000s Creech AFB began to host the 432d Wing and 432d Air Expeditionary Wing, operating unmanned flying drones, and returning Creech to its history as a base of advanced special aircraft development. The base also hosts the operations of the 556th Test and Evaluation Squadron and 99th Ground Combat Training Squadron, The National Desert Warfare Center and those of the Air Force Reserve's 78th Reconnaissance Squadron, 91st RS, and Nevada Air National Guard's 232nd Operations Squadron.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,302 people, 526 households, and 341 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 68.4 people per square mile (26.4/km²). There were 657 housing units at an average density of 34.5 per square mile (13.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.02% White, 1.15% African American, 2.00% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.84% Pacific Islander, 4.22% from other races, and 2.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.84% of the population.

There were 526 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $40,966, and the median income for a family was $40,608. Males had a median income of $35,609 versus $24,286 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $14,687. About 7.2% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Indian Springs experiences a desert climate, typical of southern Nevada. Precipitation is rare throughout the year, and summers are hot, although very low humidity helps temper the effects of the heat. Indian Springs' climate is similar to that of nearby Las Vegas, but with some significant differences. Nighttime temperatures at Indian Springs are much cooler than those in Las Vegas. This is due both to Indian Springs' higher elevation, and the lack of the Urban Heat Island effect that prevents temperatures in Las Vegas from falling quickly after dark.

Climate data for Indian Springs, Nevada. (data from 1913-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
82
(28)
90
(32)
97
(36)
108
(42)
118
(48)
116
(47)
114
(46)
117
(47)
100
(38)
86
(30)
83
(28)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 55.3
(12.9)
60.7
(15.9)
68.0
(20)
78.0
(25.6)
87.7
(30.9)
97.1
(36.2)
103.1
(39.5)
101.2
(38.4)
95.1
(35.1)
81.1
(27.3)
66.1
(18.9)
57.9
(14.4)
79.3
(26.3)
Average low °F (°C) 23.1
(−4.9)
27.8
(−2.3)
32.7
(0.4)
42.0
(5.6)
49.8
(9.9)
57.2
(14)
63.4
(17.4)
61.4
(16.3)
52.8
(11.6)
41.4
(5.2)
29.4
(−1.4)
24.2
(−4.3)
42.1
(5.6)
Record low °F (°C) −5
(−21)
3
(−16)
13
(−11)
21
(−6)
26
(−3)
38
(3)
49
(9)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
8
(−13)
2
(−17)
−5
(−21)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.36
(9.1)
0.27
(6.9)
0.26
(6.6)
0.33
(8.4)
0.12
(3)
0.11
(2.8)
0.43
(10.9)
0.29
(7.4)
0.28
(7.1)
0.25
(6.4)
0.31
(7.9)
0.28
(7.1)
3.29
(83.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 1.5
(3.8)
0.2
(0.5)
0.4
(1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
0.4
(1)
2.7
(6.9)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Indian Springs CDP, Nevada". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 12, 2012. 
  2. ^ Earl, Phillip (November 4, 1993). "Indian Springs has interesting history". Henderson Home News, Boulder City News, Green Valley News. 
  3. ^ 1982 Thunderbirds Indian Springs Diamond Crash
  4. ^ http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/wlcreech.htm
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 

External links[edit]