Hornos Island

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Native name: Hornos Islands
Nickname: Isla Hornos
Cape Horn 2003.jpg
The Hornos Island
Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region
Geography
Coordinates 55°56′39″S 67°16′51″W / 55.944078°S 67.280925°W / -55.944078; -67.280925Coordinates: 55°56′39″S 67°16′51″W / 55.944078°S 67.280925°W / -55.944078; -67.280925
Archipelago Tierra del Fuego
Adjacent bodies of water Pacific ocean
Country
Region Magallanes
Province Antártica
Commune Cabo de Hornos
Additional information
NGA UFI= -884347

Hornos Island (Spanish: Isla Hornos) is a Chilean island at the southern tip of South America. The island is mostly known for being the location of Cape Horn. It is generally considered South America's southernmost island, but the Diego Ramírez Islands are farther south. The island is one of the Hermite Islands, part of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago.

The Chilean Navy maintains a station on the island, consisting of a residence, utility building, chapel, and lighthouse.[1] A short distance from the main station is a memorial, including a large sculpture featuring the silhouette of an albatross, in honour of the sailors who died while attempting to "round the Horn".[2]

The island is within the Cabo de Hornos National Park.

Geology[edit]

The composition of the island is mainly of Cretaceous granite with Jurassic volcanic rocks in the northwest. The lower areas of the island are filled with peat moss.

Climate[edit]

Mean Temperature: 5.3° Celsius

Maximum Temperature: 20.5° Celsius (February 1996)

Minimum Temperature: -14.5° Celsius (June 1992)

Mean Relative humidity: 86.4%

Mean Wind Direction: 264°

Mean Wind Speed: 84 knots

Maximum Wind Speed: 119 knots (August 1995)

Rainfall (yearly mean): 697.5 mm.

Maximum Rainfall: 1263.2 (1990)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Isla Hornos Lighthouse, from Lighthouse Depot. Retrieved February 5, 2006.
  2. ^ Cape Horn Memorial, by Roberto Benavente; from Fundacion Caphorniers Chile. Retrieved February 5, 2006.