Italian referendums, 2011

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2011 Italian referendums

A nationwide popular referendum was held in Italy on 12 June and 13 June 2011, on four questions concerning privatisation of water services (two questions), a return to the nuclear energy which had been banned by the 1987 referendum, and criminal procedure, specifically a provision exempting the Prime Minister and the Ministers from prosecution. The first aim of those campaigning for a yes vote was to ensure that the quorum (50% + 1) of the electorate was reached. [1]

The Italians with the right to vote numbered 47,118,352 (22,604,349 men and 24,514,003 women), in addition to 3,300,496 Italians resident abroad. In order for the quorum to be reached, at least 25.209.425 votes for each question had to be cast.[2]

Turnout was quite high; on 12 June 2011, turnout had reached 11.64% at midday,[3] and 30.32% at 19.00, indicating that the necessary quorum would likely be reached.[4] At closing time on 13 June 2011, turnout was 56.9%, with clear majorities of 94.6% to 96.1% in favour on all questions[5] (meaning that about 53,8% to 54,7% of electorate approved them). It should be noted that the number of votes against all questions grossly under represents the population attitude, due to the implicit invitation to abstain vote ("no voto") given by the Prime Minister of Italy Silvio Berlusconi.[6]

Position of main political parties[edit]

Parties with parliamentary representation[edit]

Party 1st Question 2nd Question 3rd Question 4th Question Source
Alliance for Italy no no yes yes [7]
Future and Freedom ND ND ND ND [8] [9]
Italy of Values yes yes yes yes [10]
Lega Nord ND ND ND ND
Movement for Autonomies yes yes yes yes [11]
Democratic Party yes yes yes yes [12]
The People of Freedom ND ND ND ND [13]
Italian Radicals ND ND yes yes [14]
South Tyrolean People's Party yes yes yes yes [15]
Union of the Centre no no ND yes [16]

ND = no direction.

The dignitaries of State[edit]

The President of Italy Giorgio Napolitano declared he would take part to the referendums, without revealing his intentions regarding the votes.[17]

The President of the Italian Senate Renato Schifani underlined the importance of the vote as a form of democratic participation and said he would vote.[18]

The President of the Chamber of Deputies Gianfranco Fini declared he would vote.[19]

The Prime Minister of Italy Silvio Berlusconi declared he wouldn't vote.[20] But in an indirect way has invited all his electorate to abstain, admitting that missing the "quorum" was the goal to be achieved: "The Constitution - said to applause - gives the right to citizens to say yes or no to the referendum, but also to say "I do not mind this question, I do not vote.".[6]

Water private management[edit]

  • Ballot Colour: red.
  • Heading: procedures for the awarding and management of local public services of economic importance. Repeal?
  • Description: this question, if passed, would repeal the rules that currently allow the management of local public services to be entrusted to the private sector.
Rejecting
private water
25,935,372 (95.4%)
Confirming private water
1,265,495 (4.6%)
Results
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 25,935,372 95.35%
No 1,265,495 4.65%
Valid votes 27,200,867 98.42%
Invalid or blank votes 437,078 1.58%
Total votes 27,637,945 100.00%
Turnout required 50%
Registered voters/turnout 50,594,868 54.81%
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior

Profit on water[edit]

  • Ballot Colour: yellow.
  • Heading: determination of the water service tariff based on an adequate return on invested capital. Partial repeal of regulations?
  • Description: the question proposes the repeal of the regulations governing the determination of tariffs for the supply of water, the amount of which currently provides for a return on capital invested by the operator.
Rejecting
profit on water
26,130,637 (95.8%)
Confirming profit on water
1,146,639 (4.2%)
Results
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 26,130,637 95.8%
No 1,146,639 4.2%
Valid votes 27,277,276 98.68%
Invalid or blank votes 365,181 1.32%
Total votes 27,642,457 100.00%
Turnout required 50%
Registered voters/turnout 50,594,868 54.82%
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior

Nuclear power[edit]

  • Ballot Colour: grey.
  • Heading: repeal of sections 1 and 8 of article 5 of decree number 34 of March 31st 2011, made (with amendments) into law on May 26th 2011, decree number 75: partial repeal of regulations?
  • Description: the question proposes the repeal of new regulations allowing for the production of nuclear power within the territory.
Rejecting
nuclear power
25,643,652 (94.1%)
Confirming nuclear power
1,622,090 (5.9%)
Results
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 25,643,652 94.05%
No 1,622,090 5.95%
Valid votes 27,265,742 98.7%
Invalid or blank votes 359,180 1.3%
Total votes 27,624,922 100.00%
Turnout required 50%
Registered voters/turnout 50,594,868 54.79%
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior

Legal impediment[edit]

  • Ballot Colour: green.
  • Heading: repeal of provisions of law number 51 of April 7th, 2010, on legitimate impediment of the Prime Minister and Ministers to appear in criminal court, in accordance with sentence number 23 of 2011 by the Constitutional Court. Repeal?
  • Description: the question proposes the repeal of the regulations of legitimate impediment of the President of the Council of Ministers and the Ministers to appear in a criminal court, in accordance with sentence number 23 of 2011 by the Constitutional Court.
Rejecting
impediment
25,736,273 (94.6%)
Confirming impediment
1,462,888 (5.4%)
Results
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 25,736,273 94.62%
No 1,462,888 5.38%
Valid votes 27,199,161 98.47%
Invalid or blank votes 423,208 1.53%
Total votes 27,622,369 100.00%
Turnout required 50%
Registered voters/turnout 50,594,868 54.78%
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior

Results by Region[edit]

Region Voting % Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4
Valle d'Aosta 60.85% Yes 96.6%
No 3.4%
Yes 97.0%
No 3.0%
Yes 95.2%
No 4.8%
Yes 95.8%
No 4.2%
Piemonte 59.00% Yes 94.7%
No 5.3%
Yes 95.2%
No 4.8%
Yes 93.1%
No 6.9%
Yes 94.3%
No 5.7%
Liguria 59.45% Yes 95.7%
No 4.3%
Yes 96.2%
No 3.8%
Yes 94.0%
No 6.0%
Yes 95.0%
No 5.0%
Lombardia 54.40% Yes 93.4%
No 6.6%
Yes 94.1%
No 5.9%
Yes 91.6%
No 8.4%
Yes 93.2%
No 6.8%
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol 64.60% Yes 96.8%
No 3.2%
Yes 97.1%
No 2.9%
Yes 96.1%
No 3.9%
Yes 96.3%
No 3.7%
Veneto 58.90% Yes 94.7%
No 5.3%
Yes 95.3%
No 4.7%
Yes 93.5%
No 6.5%
Yes 93.7%
No 6.3%
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 58.20% Yes 95.0%
No 5.0%
Yes 95.6%
No 4.4%
Yes 93.4%
No 6.6%
Yes 93.9%
No 6.1%
Emilia-Romagna 64.15% Yes 95.0%
No 5.0%
Yes 95.4%
No 4.6%
Yes 94.3%
No 5.7%
Yes 95.0%
No 5.0%
Tuscany 63.60% Yes 95.7%
No 4.3%
Yes 96.0%
No 4.0%
Yes 95.1%
No 4.9%
Yes 95.5%
No 4.5%
Marche 61.60% Yes 95.9%
No 4.1%
Yes 96.3%
No 3.7%
Yes 95.2%
No 4.8%
Yes 95.3%
No 4.7%
Umbria 59.20% Yes 95.5%
No 4.5%
Yes 96.1%
No 3.9%
Yes 94.7%
No 5.3%
Yes 95.1%
No 4.9%
Lazio 58.90% Yes 96.3%
No 3.7%
Yes 96.9%
No 3.1%
Yes 95.1%
No 4.9%
Yes 95.5%
No 4.5%
Abruzzo 57.50% Yes 96.4%
No 3.5%
Yes 97.0%
No 3.0%
Yes 95.7%
No 4.3%
Yes 95.6%
No 4.4%
Molise 58.70% Yes 97.4%
No 2.6%
Yes 97.8%
No 2.2%
Yes 96.8%
No 3.2%
Yes 96.5%
No 3.5%
Campania 52.30% Yes 97.8%
No 2.2%
Yes 98.1%
No 1.9%
Yes 96.7%
No 3.3%
Yes 96.8%
No 3.2%
Basilicata 54.35% Yes 97.3%
No 2.7%
Yes 97.7%
No 2.3%
Yes 96.8%
No 3.2%
Yes 96.7%
No 3.3%
Puglia 52.50% Yes 97.3%
No 2.7%
Yes 97.6%
No 2.4%
Yes 96.7%
No 3.3%
Yes 96.4%
No 3.6%
Calabria 50.35% Yes 98.0%
No 2.0%
Yes 98.3%
No 1.7%
Yes 97.3%
No 2.7%
Yes 96.9%
No 3.1%
Sicily 52.70% Yes 97.6%
No 2.4%
Yes 97.9%
No 2.1%
Yes 96.5%
No 3.5%
Yes 96.2%
No 3.8%
Sardegna 58.60% Yes 98.2%
No 1.8%
Yes 98.5%
No 1.5%
Yes 98.4%
No 1.6%
Yes 96.5%
No 3.5%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Donovan, Jeffrey; Totaro, Lorenzo (1 June 2011). "Italy elections: Berlusconi losing grasp on power". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "Referendum - Ministero dell'Interno". Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.salernonotizie.it/notizia.asp?ID=17052
  4. ^ http://www.ilsalvagente.it/Sezione.jsp?titolo=Referendum,%20l%27Italia%20ci%20crede:%20alle%2019%20affluenza%20sopra%20il%2030%&idSezione=11117
  5. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/static/speciale/2011/referendum/index.html?ref=HREA-1
  6. ^ a b Di Caro Paola (12 May 2000). "Referendum, Berlusconi per l'astensione" (in Italian). il Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Rutelli: Bene Cassazione, ora vittoria sì su nucleare". Alleanza per l'Italia. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  8. ^ "Fini: ai Referendum andrò a votare, spero anche gli Italiani". Futuro e Libertà. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  9. ^ "Referendum, Fini: importante andare a votare. Ma Fli si spacca". Il Messaggero. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Referendum: 'Non c’è più tempo. Ora, è ora!'". Italia dei Valori. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Lombardo: no a nucleare e legittimo impedimento, sì all'acqua pubblica". Movimento per le Autonomie. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "Cartolina referendum". Partito Democratico. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Nucleare: Pdl,liberta' voto su referendum". Il Secolo XIX. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "Difendi i referendum del 12 e 13 giugno con una donazione". Radicali Italiani. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Abstimmungs- empfehlung der Südtiroler Volkspartei zu den Volksabstimmungen vom 12. und 13. Juni". Südtiroler Volkspartei. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Referendum: Cesa, bisogna andare a votare". Unione di Centro. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  17. ^ "Napolitano: "Sono un elettore che fa sempre il suo dovere"" (in Italian). rainews24.rai.it. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "Referendum: Schifani andrà alle urne, voterà a Palermo" (in Italian). La Provincia di Como. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  19. ^ (in Italian). repubblica.it http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2011/06/10/dirette/referendum_quorum-17491573/?ref=HREA-1. Retrieved 10 October 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ "Berlusconi annuncia: "Non andrò a votare al referendum"" (in Italian). ilsole24ore.com. Retrieved 10 October 2011.