Italian regional elections, 1985

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Italian regional elections, 1985
Italy
1980 ←
12 May 1985
→ 1990

720 (of the 1058) seats in the Italian Regional Councils
  Majority party Minority party
  Luigi Ciriaco de Mita.jpg Alessandro Natta.jpg
Leader Ciriaco De Mita Alessandro Natta
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party
Leader since 1982 1984
Last election 290 seats, 40.3% 233 seats, 32.4%
Seats won 276 225
Percentage 38.3% 31.3%
Swing -14 -8

Regional vote IT 1985.png

Regional election results map. White denotes regions with a centrist (Christian Democratic-Socialist) administration, Red denotes those with a leftist (Communist) administration.

The Italian regional elections of 1985 were held on May 12. The fifteen ordinary regions, created in 1970, elected their fourth assemblies.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system of Italy, and it was adopted for the regional vote too. Each Italian province corresponded to a constituency electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats were divided between open lists using the largest remainder method with Droop quota. Remaining votes and seats were transferred at regional level, where they was divided using the Hare quota, and automatically distributed to best losers into the local lists.

Results[edit]

Summary of the results of all the lists reaching at least a tenth of the suffrages.

Piedmont
  Christian Democracy 30.5% 19 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 28.9% 18   Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Socialist Party 12.9% 8 Arrow-down.gif 1
Lombardy
  Christian Democracy 36.0% 31 Arrow-down.gif 3
  Italian Communist Party 26.7% 22 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 15.4% 12 Arrow-up.gif 1
Veneto
  Christian Democracy 45.9% 30 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Communist Party 20.4% 12 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 12.4% 8 Arrow-up.gif 1
Liguria
  Italian Communist Party 34.8% 15 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 30.4% 13 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 12.1% 4 Arrow-down.gif 1
Emilia-Romagna
  Italian Communist Party 47.0% 26 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 24.6% 13 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 10.9% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Tuscany
  Italian Communist Party 46.2% 25 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 26.6% 14 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 12.0% 5 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Umbria
  Italian Communist Party 44.4% 14 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Christian Democracy 27.5% 9 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 14.5% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Marche
  Christian Democracy 36.1% 15 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 35.7% 15 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 10.5% 4 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Latium
  Christian Democracy 33.6% 21 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 29.9% 18 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 11.7% 7 Arrow-up.gif 1
Abruzzo
  Christian Democracy 44.3% 19 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 26.9% 11 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 11.8% 5 Arrow-up.gif 1
Molise
  Christian Democracy 56.5% 18 Arrow-up.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 16.2% 5 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 10.2% 3 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
Campania
  Christian Democracy 39.0% 24 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Communist Party 22.7% 14 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 14.3% 9 Arrow-up.gif 2
Apulia
  Christian Democracy 38.4% 20 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Communist Party 24.4% 13 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 15.0% 8 Arrow-up.gif 2
  Italian Social Movement 10.3% 5 Arrow-up.gif 1
Basilicata
  Christian Democracy 44.7% 14 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Communist Party 24.2% 7 Arrow-down.gif 1
  Italian Socialist Party 15.4% 5 Arrow-up.gif 1
Calabria
  Christian Democracy 39.0% 16 Arrow-down.gif 2
  Italian Communist Party 24.3% 10 Sideways double arrow yellow.svg
  Italian Socialist Party 17.9% 8 Arrow-up.gif 1

The most relevant result of these elections was the switch of Piedmont, which returned to the Christian Democracy after ten year of leftist administration. If the vote weakened both two major parties, the DC could compensate its loss with the reinforcement of its national allies, while the Communists became increasingly isolated, with Craxi's Socialists looking definitely at their right. Twelve Regional Councils elected a centrist administration, with the PSI rewarded by four presidencies, while the PCI was confined to its traditional strongholds: Emilia, Tuscany and Umbria.

The results strengthned Craxi's government after the alarming results of the 1984 European election, and they underlined the decline of the Communist party into a progressively post-industrial Italy.