Izunokuni

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Izunokuni
伊豆の国市
City
Ohito onsen in Izunokuni
Ohito onsen in Izunokuni
Flag of Izunokuni
Flag
Official seal of Izunokuni
Seal
Location of Izunokuni in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Izunokuni in Shizuoka Prefecture
Izunokuni is located in Japan
Izunokuni
Izunokuni
 
Coordinates: 35°2′N 138°56′E / 35.033°N 138.933°E / 35.033; 138.933Coordinates: 35°2′N 138°56′E / 35.033°N 138.933°E / 35.033; 138.933
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Yoshikazu Mochizuki (since April 2005, and former Ohito mayor since April 1991)
Area
 • Total 94.71 km2 (36.57 sq mi)
Population (September 2014)
 • Total 48,663
 • Density 515/km2 (1,330/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Nageia nagi
- Flower viola
Phone number 055-948-1413
Address 340-1 Nakaoka Izunokuni-shi, Shizuoka-ken
410-2292
Website www.city.izunokuni.shizuoka.jp
Izunikuni City Hall

Izunokuni (伊豆の国市 Izunokuni-shi?) is a city located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of September 2014, the city had an estimated population of 48,763 and a population density of 515 persons per km². The total area was 94.71 km².

Geography[edit]

Izunokuni is located on the northern "neck" of the Izu Peninsula in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture. The region is hilly, with numerous hot springs. The climate of the region is temperate maritime, with hot, humid summers and short, cool winters, with the warm Kuroshio Current offshore having a moderating effect.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

During the late Heian and Kamakura periods, the town of Nirayama within the current borders of Izunokuni was the home of the Hōjō clan, which dominated Japanese politics in the 12th century. A castle was established at Nirayama by Ise Moritoki, founder of the Late Hōjō clan in 1493.During the Edo period, most of Izu Province was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate, who ruled Izu and parts of eastern Suruga Province from a daikansho established at Nirayama. After the Meiji Restoration, the area became the short-lived Nirayama Prefecture, which was merged into the equally short-lived Ashigara Prefecture in 1871. From 1876, the area has been part of Shizuoka Prefecture. During the cadastral reform of 1886, the area was reorganized into several villages under Kimisawa District, which was with Tagata District in 1896.

In 1934, Izunagaoka was elevated to town status, followed by Ōhito in 1940, and Nirayama in 1962.

The modern city of Izunokuni was created on April 1, 2005 from the merger of the towns of Izunagaoka, Nirayama and Ohito (all from Tagata District).

Economy[edit]

The economy of Izunokuni is dominated by agriculture (strawberries and tomatoes) and by tourism related to the hot spring resort industry.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister City relations[edit]

Notable people from Izunokuni[edit]


A view from top of Mount Jōyama in Izunokuni

External links[edit]