Mishima, Shizuoka

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Mishima
三島市
City
downtown Mishima
downtown Mishima
Flag of Mishima
Flag
Official seal of Mishima
Seal
Location of Mishima in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Mishima in Shizuoka Prefecture
Mishima is located in Japan
Mishima
Mishima
 
Coordinates: 35°07′N 138°55′E / 35.117°N 138.917°E / 35.117; 138.917Coordinates: 35°07′N 138°55′E / 35.117°N 138.917°E / 35.117; 138.917
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • -Mayor Takeshi Toyooka (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total 62.13 km2 (23.99 sq mi)
Population (September 2014)
 • Total 110,705
 • Density 1,780/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Ginkgo biloba
- Flower Mishima Sakura
- Bird European Kingfisher
Phone number 055-975-3111
Address 4-47 Kitatamachi, Mishima-shi, Shizuoka-ken 411-8666
Website www.city.mishima.shizuoka.jp
Mishima City Hall
Mishima City from south

Mishima (三島市 Mishima-shi?) is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of September 2014, the city had an estimated population of 110,705 and a population density of 1,780 persons per km². The total area was 62.13 km².

Geography[edit]

Mishima is located in far eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, at the top of Izu Peninsula and in the foothills of Mount Fuji.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Mishima has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from June to September.

Climate data for Mishima, Shizuoka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.2
(52.2)
14.0
(57.2)
19.1
(66.4)
23.1
(73.6)
25.7
(78.3)
29.0
(84.2)
30.9
(87.6)
27.4
(81.3)
22.3
(72.1)
18.0
(64.4)
13.4
(56.1)
20.42
(68.75)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.0
(41)
5.6
(42.1)
8.6
(47.5)
13.9
(57)
18.1
(64.6)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77)
26.3
(79.3)
22.9
(73.2)
17.2
(63)
12.3
(54.1)
7.3
(45.1)
15.31
(59.55)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.4
(32.7)
3.3
(37.9)
8.9
(48)
13.2
(55.8)
17.9
(64.2)
21.9
(71.4)
22.7
(72.9)
19.1
(66.4)
12.7
(54.9)
7.2
(45)
1.7
(35.1)
10.71
(51.28)
Precipitation mm (inches) 73.9
(2.909)
87.0
(3.425)
153.2
(6.031)
161.6
(6.362)
165.3
(6.508)
251.3
(9.894)
198.1
(7.799)
221.8
(8.732)
221.8
(8.732)
154.0
(6.063)
110.1
(4.335)
60.7
(2.39)
1,858.8
(73.18)
Snowfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(1.2)
 % humidity 66 66 67 71 73 78 80 78 78 76 74 70 73.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 172.9 145.3 160.1 155.4 175.9 121.3 132.2 180.1 130.2 139.9 144.6 169.2 1,827.1
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [1]

History[edit]

Mishima is an ancient town, which developed around the important Shinto shrine of Mishima Shrine (三嶋大社 Mishima Taisha?). Under the Ritsuryo administration system established in the Nara period, Mishima was made capital of Izu Province. It was also the location of the Kokubun-ji for Izu Province. In the Edo period, Mishima prospered from its location on the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto, and Mishima-shuku was one of the 53 post stations on that road. The area was tenryō territory ruled by a daikan appointed directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration, Mishima became part of the short-lived Nirayama Prefecture in 1868. This merged with the equally short-lived Ashigara Prefecture in 1871, and became part of Shizuoka Prefecture from April 18, 1876. During the cadastral reform of 1889, the area was reorganized as Mishimi Town within Kimisawa District. In 1892, Prince Komatsu Akihito established a villa in Mishima. Its gardens, the Rakujūen, are a noted visitor attraction in Mishima to this day. In 1896, Kimisawa District became part of Tagata District, Shizuoka. Mishima received its first train connection in 1898 when the predecessor of the Izuhakone Railway established what is now Shimo-Togari Station. The Sunzu Line began operations from 1906. However, Mishima's fortunes revived strongly only after the Tanna Tunnel was completed in 1934, connecting the town to the Tōkaidō Main Line railway between Tokyo and Shizuoka. Mishima developed rapidly afterwards, merging with neighboring Kitakami Village in 1935 and Watada Village in 1941. Mishima Town was elevated in status to a city on April 29, 1941. It became a stop on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen from 1969, leading to an expansion in population, as the line made it possible to commute to Tokyo.

Economy[edit]

Mishima is a major industrial center within Shizuoka Prefecture. In addition to a railroad repair facility operated by JR Central, the city hosts factories from:

Sister City relations[edit]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

Education[edit]

The College of International Relations for Nihon University is located in Mishima. Mishima is also home to the National Institute of Genetics.

Culture[edit]

  • Novelist Kimitake Hiraoka adopted his pen name Yukio Mishima after the city.
  • The Mishima Summer Festival takes place from August 15 to 17 every year, in and around the Mishima Taisha shrine, as well as near Mishima Station. Mikoshi are carried through the streets and the taiko are played.
  • Mishima is home to the Ryūtaku-ji Rinzai Zen temple.

Notable people from Mishima[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Mishima, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons