Izzet Mehmed Pasha

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For other people named Izzet Mehmed Pasha, see Izzet Mehmed Pasha (disambiguation).
Izzet Mehmed
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
10 August 1774 – 7 July 1775
Monarch Abdülhamit I
Preceded by Muhsinzade Mehmed Pasha
Succeeded by Moralı Dervish Mehmed Pasha
In office
20 February 1781 – 25 August 1782
Monarch Abdülhamit I
Preceded by Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha (tr)
Succeeded by Yeğen Hacı Mehmed Pasha (tr)
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1775 – 15 July 1778
Preceded by Hacı Ibrahim Pasha
Succeeded by Raif Ismail Pasha
Personal details
Born 1723
Died February 1784
Belgrade, Ottoman Serbia
Nationality Ottoman

Izzet Mehmed Pasha (1723 – February 1784, Belgrade) was an Ottoman statesman who served as the grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire twice, first from 1774 to 1775, and second from 1781 to 1782.[1]

Towards the end of Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774), he was the sadaret kaymakamı, a post equivalent to assistant grand vizier who served in the absence of the grand vizier.[2] Sultan Abdülhamit I appointed him as grand vizier on 10 August 1774.[3] His first term ended on 7 July 1775. Six years later, while he was serving as the governor of Erzurum Eyalet, he was reappointed as the grand vizier on 20 February 1781. His main task was reforming the army which was unsuccessful in the war. But in this task he failed to satisfy the sultan, and furthermore, a fire in Istanbul caused great damage and riots, leading to his dismissal by the sultan on 25 August 1782 and exile to Plovdiv.[1][2][4]

Apart from the grand viziership, Izzet Mehmed Pasha also held other high-level posts. He became a vizier on 6 July 1774, and he served as the Ottoman governor of Aidin (1775), Egypt (1775–78[5]), Sivas (1778–79), Erzurum (1779, 1780–81), Rakka (1779–80), and Belgrade (1783–84).[1][6]

He died in February 1784 in Belgrade while in office as its governor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mehmet Süreyya (1996) [1890], Nuri Akbayar; Seyit A. Kahraman, eds., Sicill-i Osmanî (in Turkish), Beşiktaş, Istanbul: Türkiye Kültür Bakanlığı and Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, pp. 848–849 
  2. ^ a b Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt IV, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 75
  3. ^ Tualimforum page (Turkish)
  4. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 2. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 119. 
  5. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 2. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 36. 
  6. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 2. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 1. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Muhsinzade Mehmet Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
10 August 1774 – 7 July 1775
Succeeded by
Moralı Derviş Mehmet Pasha
Preceded by
Hacı Ibrahim Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1775 – 15 July 1778
Succeeded by
Raif Ismail Pasha
Preceded by
Silahdar Seyyid Mehmed Pasha (tr)
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
20 February 1781 – 25 August 1782
Succeeded by
Yeğen Hacı Mehmet Pasha