|flower and buds of C. ovata|
(Miller) Druce (1917)
Crassula ovata, commonly known as jade plant, friendship tree, lucky plant, or money tree is a succulent plant with small pink or white flowers. It is native to South Africa, and is common as a houseplant worldwide. It is sometimes referred to as the money tree; however Pachira aquatica also receives this nickname.
The jade plant is an evergreen with thick branches and thick, shiny, smooth, leaves that grow in opposing pairs along the branches. Leaves are a rich jade green, although some may appear to be more of a yellow-green. Some varieties may develop a red tinge on the edges of leaves when exposed to high levels of sunlight. New stem growth is the same color and texture as the leaves, but becomes brown and woody with age. Under the right conditions, they may produce small white or pink star-like flowers in early spring.
As a succulent, C. ovata requires little water in the summer, and even less in the winter. The jade plant is a little susceptible to over watering. Crassula ovata is famous for garnishing a red tinge around its leaves when grown with bright sunlight. The jade plant also does best in rich, well-draining soil. The plant also flowers in the wintertime, particularly during a cooler, darker, dry spell. The jade plant is also known for its ease of propagation, which can be spurred by clippings or even stray leaves which fall from the plant. Crassula ovata is sometimes attacked by mealybugs, a common nuisance of the succulents.
The jade plant is well known for its bonsai capabilities, since it forms a bonsai very easily when pruning is done correctly. Many who learn bonsai begin with a jade plant, since they are durable, easy to put through the bonsai process, and attractive.
27-year-old C. ovata grown in Bala, Gwynedd
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