James E. Sullivan Award

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James E. Sullivan Award
Awarded for "... go[ing] far beyond athletic accomplishments and honor[ing] those who have shown strong moral character."
Country United States
Presented by Amateur Athletic Union
First awarded 1930
Currently held by John Urschel
Official website The Sullivan Award

The James E. Sullivan Award, presented by the American Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), is awarded annually in April to "the outstanding amateur athlete in the United States".[1] Often referred to as the Oscar of sports awards,[2][3][4] it was first presented in 1930. The award is named for the AAU's founder and past president, James Edward Sullivan. Based on the qualities of leadership, character, sportsmanship, and the ideals of amateurism, the AAU Sullivan Award "goes far beyond athletic accomplishments and honors those who have shown strong moral character".[1] Finalists are selected from public nominations following a review by the AAU Sullivan Award Executive Committee.[5] Approximately 10 semi-finalists are chosen,[5] and the eventual winner is determined by votes from various members of the nationwide news media, former winners and AAU personnel.[6][7] More recently, a proportion of the winner's vote has been determined by the general public.[8][9] Recipients are eligible for subsequent awards, although this has yet to happen.[5]

The inaugural winner of the award was golfer Bobby Jones, winner of 13 majors between 1923 and 1930.[10][11] The first female recipient, in 1944, was swimmer Ann Curtis, who won more national AAU championships than any other woman,[12] while the most recent winner is Football player John Urschel.[13] The award has been presented to multiple recipients on only one occasion – in 1999, to twin sisters Coco and Kelly Miller.[14]

Winners[edit]

A young man in a white shirt, dark tie and dark pants completing a right-handed golf swing
Golfer Bobby Jones won the inaugural award in 1930.
A woman in a t-shirt and shorts, crossing the finish line of a race in first place, ahead of a competitor
Wilma Rudolph received the accolade in 1961.
A basketball player, with the number 42 on his short-sleeved uniform, leaping high into the air with his right hand stretched upward.  He is being guarded by another player with the number 24 on his shirt.
Bill Bradley won the award in 1965.
A man midway through a long jump leap.  There is a metal chainlink fence in the background, both in front of which and behind are a number of spectators.
Track athlete Carl Lewis received the award in 1981.
A female ice skater in white boots and a red dress
Figure skater Michelle Kwan took the honor in 2001.
A female gymnast in a red leotard, looking down and to her left, with her right hand raised and her left hand across her waist.  In the background sit a number of people including a cameraman, a photographer, a commentator and a judge.
Olympic gold-medalist Shawn Johnson won the award in 2008.
Year Winner Sport(s) Reference
1930 Jones, BobbyBobby Jones Golf [15]
1931 Berlinger, BernardBernard Berlinger Decathlon [16]
1932 Bausch, JamesJames Bausch Decathlon [17]
1933 Cunningham, GlennGlenn Cunningham Running (middle distance) [18]
1934 Bonthron, WilliamWilliam Bonthron Running (middle distance) [19]
1935 Little, Jr., W. LawsonW. Lawson Little, Jr. Golf [20]
1936 Morris, GlennGlenn Morris Decathlon [21]
1937 Budge, DonDon Budge Tennis [22]
1938 Lash, DonDon Lash Running (long distance) [23]
1939 Burk, JoeJoe Burk Rowing [24]
1940 Rice, J. GregoryJ. Gregory Rice Track and field [25]
1941 MacMitchell, T. LeslieT. Leslie MacMitchell Track and field [26]
1942 Warmerdam, CorneliusCornelius Warmerdam Pole vault [27]
1943 Dodds, Gilbert R.Gilbert R. Dodds Running (middle distance) [28]
1944 Curtis, AnnAnn Curtis Swimming [29]
1945 Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard Football [30]
1946 Tucker, ArnoldArnold Tucker Football [30]
1947 Kelly, Jr., John B.John B. Kelly, Jr. Rowing [31]
1948 Mathias, BobBob Mathias Decathlon [32]
1949 Button, DickDick Button Figure skating [33][34]
1950 Wilt, FredFred Wilt Running (long distance) [35]
1951 Richards, BobBob Richards Pole vault, decathlon [36]
1952 Ashenfelter, HoraceHorace Ashenfelter Running (long distance) [37]
1953 Lee, SammySammy Lee Diving [38]
1954 Whitfield, MalMal Whitfield Running (middle distance) [39]
1955 Dillard, HarrisonHarrison Dillard Running (sprint) [40]
1956 McCormick, PatPat McCormick Diving [7]
1957 Morrow, BobbyBobby Morrow Running (sprint) [41]
1958 Davis, Glenn "Jeep"Glenn "Jeep" Davis Running (sprint) [42]
1959 O'Brien, ParryParry O'Brien Shot put, discus [43]
1960 Johnson, RaferRafer Johnson Decathlon [44]
1961 Rudolph, WilmaWilma Rudolph Running (sprint) [45]
1962 Beatty, JimJim Beatty Track and field [46]
1963 Pennel, JohnJohn Pennel Pole vault [47]
1964 Schollander, DonDon Schollander Swimming [48]
1965 Bradley, BillBill Bradley Basketball [9]
1966 Ryun, JimJim Ryun Running (middle distance) [49]
1967 Matson, RandyRandy Matson Shot put, discus [50]
1968 Meyer, DebbieDebbie Meyer Swimming [51]
1969 Toomey, BillBill Toomey Decathlon [52]
1970 Kinsella, JohnJohn Kinsella Swimming [53]
1971 Spitz, MarkMark Spitz Swimming [15]
1972 Shorter, FrankFrank Shorter Running (long distance) [54]
1973 Walton, BillBill Walton Basketball [9]
1974 Wohlhuter, RickRick Wohlhuter Running (middle distance) [55]
1975 Shaw, TimTim Shaw Swimming [56]
1976 Jenner, BruceBruce Jenner Decathlon [57]
1977 Naber, JohnJohn Naber Swimming [6]
1978 Caulkins, TracyTracy Caulkins Swimming [58]
1979 Thomas, KurtKurt Thomas Gymnastics [59]
1980 Heiden, EricEric Heiden Speed skating [60]
1981 Lewis, CarlCarl Lewis Running (sprint), long jump [61]
1982 Decker, MaryMary Decker Running (middle and long distance) [62]
1983 Moses, EdwinEdwin Moses Running (sprint) [63]
1984 Louganis, GregGreg Louganis Diving [64]
1985 Benoit, JoanJoan Benoit Running (long distance) [65]
1986 Joyner-Kersee, JackieJackie Joyner-Kersee Running (sprint) [4]
1987 Abbott, JimJim Abbott Baseball [66]
1988 Griffith-Joyner, FlorenceFlorence Griffith-Joyner Running (sprint) [4]
1989 Evans, JanetJanet Evans Swimming [25]
1990 Smith, JohnJohn Smith Wrestling [25]
1991 Powell, MikeMike Powell Long jump [67]
1992 Blair, BonnieBonnie Blair Speed skating [68]
1993 Ward, CharlieCharlie Ward Basketball, football [30]
1994 Jansen, DanDan Jansen Speed skating [69]
1995 Baumgartner, BruceBruce Baumgartner Wrestling [70]
1996 Johnson, MichaelMichael Johnson Running (sprint) [71]
1997 Manning, PeytonPeyton Manning Football [30]
1998 Holdsclaw, ChamiqueChamique Holdsclaw Basketball [68]
1999 Miller, CocoCoco Miller & Kelly Miller Basketball [72]
2000 Gardner, RulonRulon Gardner Wrestling [73]
2001 Kwan, MichelleMichelle Kwan Figure skating [33]
2002 Hughes, SarahSarah Hughes Figure skating [15]
2003 Phelps, MichaelMichael Phelps Swimming [15]
2004 Hamm, PaulPaul Hamm Gymnastics [59]
2005 Redick, J. J.J. J. Redick Basketball [9]
2006 Long, JessicaJessica Long Swimming [74]
2007 Tebow, TimTim Tebow Football [75]
2008 Johnson, ShawnShawn Johnson Gymnastics [59]
2009 Palmiero-Winters, AmyAmy Palmiero-Winters Running (ultra marathon) [76]
2010 Lysacek, EvanEvan Lysacek Figure Skating [77]
2011 Rodriguez, AndrewAndrew Rodriguez Football [78]
2012 Franklin, MissyMissy Franklin Swimming [79]
2013 Urschel, JohnJohn Urschel Football [13]



References[edit]

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  2. ^ Crumpacker, John (April 7, 2002). "Natalie Coughlin Coughlin joins amateur elite". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  3. ^ Saladyga, Karen (April 16, 2009). "Johnson wins 79th Annual AAU Sullivan Award". Team USA Gymnastics. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Sports people: Track and field; Griffith Joyner Gets Sullivan Award". The New York Times. March 7, 1989. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Guidelines for nomination of an amateur athlete". Amateur Athletic Union. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "John Naber wins Sullivan Award". Tri-City Herald. 07-02-1978. Retrieved February 25, 2010.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ a b "Pat McCormick Named Sullivan Award Winner". St. Petersburg Times. January 15, 1957. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  8. ^ Scott, Roxanna (April 8, 2009). "Beijing Olympians highlight Sullivan ballot". USA Today. Retrieved February 26, 2010. 
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  10. ^ "Robert T. Jones". Amateur Athletic Union. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
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  12. ^ "Ann Curtis". Amateur Athletic Union. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "John Urschel". aausports.org. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Coco & Kelly Miller". Amateur Athletic Union. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c d Freeman, Rick (April 13, 2004). "Phelps joins prestigious Sullivan list". USA Today. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Bernard Ernst Berlinger". University of Pennsylvania Archives. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  17. ^ "James Bausch". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Glenn Cunningham". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  19. ^ Edward Seldon Sears. Running Through The Ages. McFarland & Company. p. 205. ISBN 0-7864-0971-1. 
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  21. ^ "Glenn Morris". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  22. ^ Schwartz, Larry. "In big matches, he wouldn't budge". ESPN. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Don Lash". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Former Penn Rower Joe Burk Passes Away". University of Pennsylvania Athletics. January 14, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  25. ^ a b c "Wrestler locks up Sullivan". St. Petersburg Times. March 12, 1991. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Leslie MacMitchell, 85; First Undergrad to Win Sullivan Award". Los Angeles Times. March 31, 2006. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Cornelius (Dutch) Warmerdam". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  28. ^ McGowen, Roscoe (December 30, 1943). "Dodds Takes Sullivan Trophy in Poll of Sports Leaders by A.A.U.". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  29. ^ "The International Swimming Hall of Fame's Timeline of Women's Swimming History" (pdf). Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  30. ^ a b c d "Tennessee's Manning Wins Sullivan as Top Amateur". Los Angeles Times. February 12, 1998. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  31. ^ "USOC seeks nominations for Jack Kelly Fair Play Award". Beijing Olympics 2008. May 25, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  32. ^ "Bob Mathias". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  33. ^ a b Freeman, Rick (March 18, 2003). "Hughes skates to Sullivan honor". USA Today. Retrieved February 24, 2010. 
  34. ^ "On the Button". BBC Sport. January 11, 2002. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Fred Wilt". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  36. ^ "The 50 Greatest Illinois Sports Figures". Sports Illustrated. December 27, 1999. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  37. ^ "Horace Ashenfelter". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Dr. Sammy Lee (USA) – 1968 Honor Diver". International Swimming Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Mal (Marvelous Mal) Whitfield". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Harrison Dillard". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Bobby Morrow". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Glenn Davis". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  43. ^ "William (Parry) O'Brien". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Rafer Johnson". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Wilma Rudolph". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  46. ^ "Jim Beatty". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  47. ^ Thomas Jr., Robert McG. (September 29, 1993). "John Pennel, First Pole-Vaulter To Clear 17 Feet, Is Dead at 53". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  48. ^ Mason, Emily (November 2005). "Still Kicking". Swimming World Magazine. Retrieved February 25, 2010. [dead link]
  49. ^ "Jim Ryun". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Randy Matson". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  51. ^ Kirshenbaum, Jerry (August 31, 1970). "Now Look Who's An Old Lady". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  52. ^ Reed, William F. (September 12, 1971). "The Ineligible Married Man". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  53. ^ Field, Mike (September 10, 1979). "Channeling His Energy". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  54. ^ "Frank Shorter". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  55. ^ Putnam, Pat (February 16, 1976). "Wohlhuter's Better Half". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  56. ^ Cazeneuve, Brian (December 8, 2003). "Tim Shaw, Olympic Swimmer". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  57. ^ "Jenner named to USATF Foundation Board of Directors". USA Track & Field. June 12, 2007. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  58. ^ "Tracy Caulkins Super Scholarship". University of Florida Foundation. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  59. ^ a b c Hanashiro, Robert (April 16, 2009). "Gymnast, TV dancer Shawn Johnson wins Sullivan Award". USA Today. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  60. ^ "Eric Heiden wins Sullivan Award". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. February 3, 1981. Retrieved February 25, 2010. [dead link]
  61. ^ "Sullivan award to Carl Lewis". The New York Times. February 16, 1982. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  62. ^ "Mary Slaney (Decker)". USA Track & Field. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  63. ^ Kirkpatrick, Curry (July 30, 1984). "The Man Who Never Loses". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  64. ^ Flatter, Ron. "Louganis never lost drive to dive". ESPN. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  65. ^ "Benoit-Samuelson Is Named Winner of Sullivan Award". Los Angeles Times. February 25, 1986. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  66. ^ Pulliam, Kent (March 8, 1988). "Jim Abbott shocked after winning Sullivan". The Miami News. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  67. ^ Munoz, Theresa (March 3, 1992). "Powell Wins the Sullivan Award". Los Angeles Times. 
  68. ^ a b "Plus: Amateur sports – Sullivan Award; Holdsclaw Gains Top Honor". The New York Times. February 19, 1999. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  69. ^ "Speedskater Dan Jansen Wins Sullivan Award". Los Angeles Times. February 28, 1995. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  70. ^ "Baumgartner wins Sullivan Award". The New York Times. March 5, 1996. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  71. ^ "Johnson is top amateur". The New York Times. March 15, 1997. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  72. ^ Brill, Lauren. "Sisters First, Opponents Second for Miller Twins". Women's National Basketball Association. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  73. ^ "Gardner Wins Sullivan Award". Los Angeles Times. April 17, 2001. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  74. ^ Doogan, Brian (May 6, 2007). "America's finest". The Times. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  75. ^ "Heisman winner Tebow named winner of 78th Sullivan Award". ESPN. April 2, 2008. Retrieved February 25, 2010. 
  76. ^ "Amy Palmiero-Winters wins Sullivan Award". USA Today. April 15, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  77. ^ "Evan Lysacek wins Sullivan Award for top amateur athlete". USA Today. March 15, 2011. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
  78. ^ "Andrew Rodriguez Wins Sullivan Award". US Military Academy. March 20, 2012. Retrieved March 21, 2012. 
  79. ^ "Missy Franklin". Amateur Athletic Union. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 

External links[edit]