||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2012)|
|Birth name||Tatiana Olegovna Kirillova|
|Full name||Jessica Tatiana Long|
February 29, 1992 |
5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) (2011) (with prosthetics)4 feet 8 inches (1.42 m) (2009) (without prosthetics)
120 lbs (54 kg) (with prosthetics)92 lbs (41 kg) (without prosthetics)
|Club||NBAC - North Baltimore Aquatic Club|
Jessica Tatiana Long (born February 29, 1992) is a Russian-born United States Paralympic swimmer from Baltimore, Maryland. She is the current world record holder in 13 Paralympic events, including one as part of a relay team.
Long was born Tatiana Olegovna Kirillova in Bratsk, Siberia and adopted at the age of 13 months. Because of fibular hemimelia, her lower legs were amputated when she was 18 months old. She learned to walk with prostheses. Long has been involved in many sports including gymnastics, cheerleading, ice skating, biking, trampoline, and rock climbing. She began swimming in her grandparents' pool before joining her first competitive team in 2002. The next year, Long was selected as Maryland Swimming's 2003 Female Swimmer of the Year with a Disability. At the time she was born, her biological mother and father were unwed teenagers, 17 and 18 years old respectively. They later married and had three more children, one of whom is also disabled. Long's adoptive brother, Joshua, was adopted at the same time from the same Siberian orphanage.
International swimming career
Long entered the international stage at the 2004 Paralympic Games in Athens, Greece, winning three gold medals in swimming. Aged twelve at the time, she was the youngest competitor on the U.S. Paralympic Team.
Long had 18 world record-breaking performances in 2006. Her performance at the 2006 International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Swimming World Championships in Durban, South Africa where she won nine gold medals for her participation in seven individual medleys and two relays. She also held five world records which made her known from outside the world of Paralympic sport. In 2006, Long became the first Paralympic athlete selected as the AAU's James E. Sullivan Award winner. She was honored as the U.S. Olympic Committee's 2006 Paralympian of the year and Swimming World Magazine's 2006 Disabled Swimmer of the Year.
In 2008, Long won six medals at the Paralympics, including four gold. In addition to her four gold medals, Long set three new world records. One of her gold medals was the 100-meter freestyle, which she swam just 0.19 seconds ahead of Paralympic-record-holder and world-record-holder Israeli Keren Leibovitch.
- 2004: Three gold medals, 100m freestyle, 400m freestyle, 4x100m freestyle relay - Paralympic Games, Athens, Greece
- 2005: Five gold medals, bronze medal, two world records, and named Swimmer of the Meet – 2005 U.S. Paralympics Open Swimming Championships, Minneapolis, Minnesota
- 2006: Two world records (100m butterfly, 200m individual medley) – Blaze Sports Georgia Open, Atlanta, Georgia
- 2006: U.S. Olympic Committee Female Athlete of the Month – January 2006
- 2006: Five gold medals, silver medal, four world records (50m breaststroke, 50m butterfly, 200m breaststroke, 400m individual medley) – Can-Am Championships, London, Ontario, Canada
- 2006: Named winner of 77th AAU James E. Sullivan Award
- 2006: Named Disabled Swimmer of the Year by Swimming World magazine
- 2006: Named U.S. Olympic Committee Paralympian of the Year
- 2006: Second place Rock Climbing Speed Climbing – Extremity Games
- 2006: Selected as USA Swimming's Disability Swimmer of the Year (Trischa L. Zorn Award)
- 2006: Two world records (100m butterfly, 200m individual medley) – Belgian Open, Antwerp, Belgium
- 2006: Nine gold medals (100m freestyle – WR, 100m butterfly – WR, 200m individual medley – WR, 400m freestyle – WR, 34pts 4×100m freestyle relay – WR, 50m freestyle, 100m backstroke, 100m breaststroke, 34pts 4×100m medley relay) – International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Swimming World Championships, Durban, South Africa
- 2007: Three world records (200m backstroke, 400m individual medley, 800m freestyle) – Spring Can-Am Swimming Championships, Montreal, Canada
- 2007: Three world records (50m butterfly, 200m freestyle, 1500m freestyle) – GTAC Disability Open, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan
- 2007: Recipient of the ESPN Best Female Athlete with a Disability ESPY Award
- 2007: Selected as USA Swimming's Disability Swimmer of the Year (Trischa L. Zorn Award)
- 2007: First place, 50m backstroke, 50m butterfly, 100m backstroke, 100m breaststroke, 100m freestyle, 200m butterfly; second place, 50m freestyle – U.S. Paralympics Open Swimming Championships, College Park, Md.
- 2008: World record, S8 100m butterfly – Can-Am Championships, Victoria, Canada
- 2008: Recipient of Juan Antonio Samaranch IOC Disabled Athlete Award
- 2008: Four gold medals, three world records (400m freestyle - WR, 100m freestyle - WR, 200m individual medley - WR, 100m butterfly); silver medal (100m backstroke); bronze medal (100m breaststroke) – International Paralympic Committee (IPC) - Paralympic Games, Beijing, China
- 2009: Seven gold medals (100m breaststroke, 100m butterfly, 50m freestyle, 50m butterfly, 400m freestyle, 50m breaststroke, 100m freestyle) – Spring Can-Am Championships, Gresham, Oregon
- 2009: Seven gold medals, world record, S8 100m breaststroke – Summer Can-Am Championships, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- 2009: Four gold medals and world records (100m freestyle – WR, 400m freestyle – WR, 100m breaststroke – WR, 100m butterfly – WR); four silver medals (50m freestyle, 100m individual medley, 200m individual medley, 34 pts 4×100m freestyle relay) – International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Swimming World Championships 25m, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- 2010: Six gold medals (50m freestyle, 100m freestyle, 400m freestyle, 100m breaststroke, 100m butterfly, 100m breaststroke) – Can-Am National Championships, San Antonio, Texas
- 2010: Seven gold medals, two world records (100m freestyle, 400m freestyle, 100m backstroke, 100m butterfly, 200m individual medley – WR, 34pts 4×100m freestyle relay – WR, 34pts 4×100m medley relay); two silver medals (50m freestyle, 100m breaststroke) – International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Swimming World Championships, Eindhoven, the Netherlands
- 2011: Nine gold medals, four world records (50m freestyle, 100m freestyle - WR, 400m freestyle - WR, 100m butterfly - WR, 100m backstroke, 100m breaststroke, 200m individual medley - WR, 34pts 4×100m freestyle relay, 34pts 4×100m medley relay) - Pan Pacific Para Swimming Championships, Edmonton, Canada
- 2011: Six gold medals (100m freestyle, 100m breaststroke, 50m backstroke, 100m backstroke, 100m butterfly, 200m individual medley) - Can-Am Open Swimming Championship, La Mirada, California
- 2011: Named Disabled Swimmer of the Year by Swimming World magazine
- 2012: Won ESPY for Female Athlete with a Disability
- 2012: Five gold medals (100m butterfly, 400m freestyle, 100m breaststroke, 200m indiv. medley, 100m freestyle); two silver medals (4x100m freestyle 34pts, 100m backstroke); bronze medal (4x100m medley 34pts) - International Paralympic Committee (IPC) - Paralympic Summer Games, London, England
- 2012: Named U.S. Paralympic SportsWoman of the Year by the United States Olympic Committee
- 2013: Won ESPY for Best Female Athlete with a Disability
- "Вести.Ru: Русские родители Джессики Лонг рассказали, почему отказались от дочери". Vesti.ru. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- "Honoring Jessica Long" 153 (70). Congressional Record. May 1, 2007. pp. E907–E908. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
- "The Siberian parents who gave up Jessica Long as a new-born baby salute her heroic achievement". The Siberian Times. September 15, 2012.
- "Meet Swimmer Jessica Long". Disability Today Network. April 25, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
- "Paralympic Swimming Continues: U.S. Comes on Strong During Day Two". Swimming World Magazine. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
- Official website
- US Paralympics biography
- Women's Sports Foundation biography
- A Step Ahead Prosthetics – Designer/Builder of Jessica's Custom Prosthetics
|Awards and achievements|
|Best Female Athlete with a Disability ESPY Award