Jamil el Banna

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Jamil el-Banna
Arabic: جميل عبد اللطيف البنا
Al-Banna profile.png
el-Banna in 2008
Born 28 May 1952
Jericho, West Bank[1]
Jordan - Jordanian citizen
United Kingdom - refugee status in the United Kingdom
Detained at Guantanamo Bay camp
ISN 905
Alleged to be a member of Flag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda
Children El-Banna is a father of five:[1][2][3]
Anas - (1996-12-17) December 17, 1996 (age 17)
Mohamed - (1997-12-22) December 22, 1997 (age 16)
Abdulrahman - (1999-05-10) May 10, 1999 (age 15)
Badeah - (2001-02-11) February 11, 2001 (age 13)
Mariam - (2003-04-13) April 13, 2003 (age 11)

Jamil el-Banna (Arabic: جميل عبد اللطيف البنا‎, Ǧamīl ʿAbdu 'l-Laṭīf al-Bannāʾ) (born May 28, 1952) is a Jordanian of Palestinian origin with refugee status in the United Kingdom who had been living in northwest London.[4] He was abducted in November 2002 by the CIA from Gambia while on a business trip and suffered extraordinary rendition to Bagram, where he was held and interrogated by the CIA until March 2003. He was transferred to military custody at Guantanamo Bay detainment camp in March 2003 and held there until December 19, 2007.[5]

Following his release and return to the United Kingdom, Jamil el-Banna was arrested and questioned when arriving in London, on charges by a Spanish court. He was allowed bail.[6][6][7] Spain dropped its charges in March 2008.[8]

The Department of Defense reports that el-Banna was born on May 28, 1952, in Jericho, [sic] Turkey [sic]. His wife is quoted as saying that Jamil was born in Jericho, West Bank, not in Turkey.

Early life and education[edit]

Jamil el-Banna was born in Jericho, West Bank in 1952, after the nation of Israel was established. Soon after his birth, his family moved into Jordan, where they were housed at a refugee camp near Amman. Jamil dropped out of school at age 10, and fell into petty crime.

Legal resident in United Kingdom[edit]

In 1994, he made his way to the United Kingdom, where he successfully applied for refugee status. He lived in northwest London.

Later he worked for a friend's brother, who was setting up an edible oil (peanut) factory in Gambia.

Jamil el-Banna's detention in Gambia[edit]

Jamil and Bisher al-Rawi flew to Gambia to meet a shipment of machine parts to be used to set up an edible oil factory, which was owned by Bisher's brother. The two men, along with two others, were taken into custody by the Gambian National Intelligence Agency on their arrival at Banjul airport in Gambia on November 8, 2002, purportedly on suspicion of alleged links to al-Qaeda and advice from British security authorities. At first the two men were under a kind of unofficial house arrest. They were not formally charged with any crimes under Gambian law. They were told that they would be released when their machinery had been checked to make sure it was not something that could be used for terrorism.

They were not detained in a Gambian jail, but rather in a CIA "snatch team" safe house, which was provided by American security officials. They were guarded by Gambians and interrogated by American agents.

In late December 2002, the CIA decided to transport them from Gambia.[1] The "black team" that arrived to escort them wore black uniforms, and their faces were covered by black balaklavas. They cut the clothes from the detainees' bodies and bound them for transportation. The two men were illegally "rendered" to Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan, where Jamil el-Banna was imprisoned underground in total darkness for weeks.[9]

Once in the main portion of the airbase prison, he met Moazzam Begg, a British citizen whose bookshop he had visited in England.[10] Nicknamed "Kenny Rogers", el-Banna once entertained American guards by singing half a verse of "Coward of the County".[10]

In March 2003, Jamil and Bisher al-Rawi were transferred to United States military custody at Guantanamo Bay detention camp.[11]

Allegations of torture[edit]

The Guardian reported that Clive Stafford Smith, Jamil el-Banna's lawyer, said his client had participated in both the hunger strike that ended when the camp authorities made promises on July 28, 2005, and a second that started on August 8.[12] They were protesting the detention without charges, and abuses and mistreatment. Smith said that Jamil told him that one of the reasons for the second hunger strike was that guards were still searching through the prisoner's copies of the Qur'an by hand.[12]

A December 2005 article in The Times repeated Jamil's claim that his American interrogators told him that MI5 had colluded in his extraordinary rendition.[13] The lawyers of Guantanamo Bay detainees have to hand in all their notes to the authorities, which consider them "classified". The lawyers may only examine their own notes in a single secure location near Washington, DC. The Times reported material from Stafford Smith's notes on conversations with his client, which were recently declassified:

"In Cuba one interrogator is alleged to have told el-Banna: 'Why are you angry at America? It is your government, Britain, the MI5, who called the CIA and told them you and Bisher were in Gambia and to come and get you. Britain gave everything to us. Britain sold you out to the CIA.'"[13]

Jamil el-Banna said that he was offered $10 million, and a US passport by US agents, if he would testify against Abu Qatada. According to The Times, he said:

"When he refused, an interrogator told him: 'I am going to London . . . I am going to fuck your wife. Your wife is going to be my bitch. Maybe you’ll never see your children again.'"[13]

Contact with his family[edit]

El-Banna is married and the father of five children.[2] His youngest daughter was born after his abduction by the Gambians.

A November 1, 2006 article in the Willesden & Brent Times reported that el-Banna was allowed his first phone call to his wife on October 19, 2006, after four years' detention.[14] At the time, it was rare for detainees to be allowed a phone call to their family. This phone call was el-Banna's first. It is not known why this concession was made, although el-Banna's MP, Sarah Teather, had previously asked US authorities to allow some contact.[14]

According to el-Banna' wife:[14]

Bisher al-Rawi's release[edit]

On March 29, 2007, UK Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett announced that the UK Government had negotiated the return from Guantanamo of el-Banna's traveling companion, Bisher al-Rawi, also a legal British resident.[15][16] According to the Associated Press, Beckett issued a statement to Parliament:

[16]

Beckett's announcement did not refer to el-Banna, or the other remaining former UK residents who were still held in Guantanamo.[16] The cases of Jamil el-Banna and other former British legal residents have been controversial within the UK, as there was growing public sentiment for the government to seek their release. It had not acted for former residents as it had for British citizens.[17] All the British nationals imprisoned at Guantanamo were freed before September 2004, following British Government pressure on the United States.

Release[edit]

On August 7, 2007 the United Kingdom government requested the release of Jamil el-Banna and four other foreign naitionals who had been legal British residents.[18] The UK government warned its public that the negotiations might take months.

Jamil el-Banna was released from Guantanemo Bay on 18 November 2007 and flown back to Britain.[8][19] On his return, he was detained under port and border controls and questioned. On 19 November he was arrested under a Spanish extradition warrant for allegedly having been connected to al-Qaeda in Madrid. On 20 December he was released on bail of £50,000, part of which was put up by the actress Vanessa Redgrave; conditions of his bail include observing a curfew and wearing an electronic tag.

On his return, Omar Deghayes was also arrested and questioned, before appearing in court on a Spanish extradition warrant.[8][19] He was freed on bail on 20 December, conditions of which include obeying a curfew and wearing an electronic tag.

On Thursday March 6, 2008 Spanish judge Baltasar Garzon dropped the extradition request on humanitarian grounds.[8] Garzon based his decision on a medical examination made public on February 12, 2008. The report said El Banna suffered from: "post-traumatic stress syndrome, severe depression and suicidal tendencies. Garzon ruled the two men's mental health had deteriorated so badly it would be cruel to prosecute them.

Torture claims investigation[edit]

Main article: The Bush Six

On April 29, 2009, that Spanish investigating magistrate Baltazar Garzon initiated a formal investigation into whether confessions from Ikassrien, and three other former Guantanamo captives were the result of the use of abusive interrogation techniques.[20][21][22] El-Banna and the other three men: Hamed Abderrahman Ahmed, Lahcen Ikassrien, and Omar Deghayes, had previously faced charges in Spanish courts, based on confessions they made while in US custody. The charges had been dropped based on their claims that their confessions were false and were the result of abusive interrogation techniques.[20]

The Spanish magistrate initiated an investigation into torture at Guantanamo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Guardian (2007). "Sabah el-Banna - Profile". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  2. ^ a b Profile: 'Forgotten' Cuba detainees, BBC, October 5, 2006
  3. ^ Amensty (Public – May 2004 AI Index:AMR 51/072/2004). "USA: Who are the Guantanamo detainees?". sundaytelegraph. Archived from the original on 2007-03-16. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  4. ^ BBC News (25 January 2005). "UK's 'forgotten' Cuba detainees". BBC News. Retrieved 2007-08-22. 
  5. ^ "Jamil El Banna - The Guantánamo Docket". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Guantanamo detainees out on bail". BBC News. December 20, 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2010. 
  7. ^ list of prisoners (.pdf), US Department of Defense, May 15, 2006
  8. ^ a b c d Daniel Woolls (March 6, 2008). "Spain: Ex-detainees too damaged for trial". Miami Herald. Archived from the original on 2008-03-26. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  9. ^ Brent Mickum (January 12, 2005). "Tortured, humiliated and crying out for some justice". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  10. ^ a b Begg, Moazzam, "Enemy Combatant", 2006
  11. ^ Daily Mail (09:20am on 29 July 2007). "Iraqi tells of CIA 'torture flight'". London: Daily Mail. Retrieved 2007-08-02. 
  12. ^ a b Hunger strikers pledge to die in Guantánamo, The Guardian, September 9, 2005
  13. ^ a b c "MI5 colluded with CIA over suspects sent to torture jails", The Times, December 18, 2005
  14. ^ a b c "Guantanamo phone call", Willesden & Brent Times, November 1, 2006
  15. ^ Robert DeVries (March 29, 2007). "UK resident to be released from Guantanamo". The Jurist. Retrieved March 31, 2007. 
  16. ^ a b c Tariq Panja (March 29, 2007). "Briton to Be Freed From Guantanamo". Associated Press. Retrieved March 31, 2007. 
  17. ^ UK's 'forgotten' Cuba detainees, BBC, January 25, 2005
  18. ^ David Stringer (August 7, 2007). "UK asks US to release 5 from Guantanamo". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-08-07. [dead link]
  19. ^ a b "Guantanamo detainees out on bail". BBC News. December 20, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  20. ^ a b Giles Tremblett (2009-04-29). "Spanish court opens investigation of Guantánamo torture allegations". London: The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. 
  21. ^ "Spanish judge opens probe into Guantanamo torture". Agence France Presse. 2009-04-29. Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. 
  22. ^ Gerald Warner (2009-04-29). "Spanish judge uses memos released by Barack Obama to pursue Bush officials". London: The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. 

External links[edit]