Jamrud

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This article is about the town. For the administrative subdivision of Iran, see Jamrud Rural District. For the Indonesian rock band, see Jamrud (band).
Jamrud
جمرود
Town
Jamrud is located in Pakistan
Jamrud
Jamrud
Coordinates: 34°00′N 71°23′E / 34.000°N 71.383°E / 34.000; 71.383Coordinates: 34°00′N 71°23′E / 34.000°N 71.383°E / 34.000; 71.383
Country  Pakistan
Region Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Tribal Area Khyber Agency
Elevation 1,512 ft (461 m)

Jamrud (Pashto: جمرود, Urdu: جمرود‎), is a town located in the Khyber Agency, within Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The town is the doorway to the Khyber pass, part of the Hindu Kush range. The town has road and rail linkages with Peshawar city of Pakistan, and a pass connects it with Landi Kotal, located near the borders of Afghanistan.

Jamrud, lying in proximity to the Khyber pass, has remained a location on the trade route between central Asia and the South Asia and a strategic military location. Jamrud is located at an altitude of 1512 ft (461 meters) above sea level and is 10.2 miles (17 km) west from the city of Peshawar. Jamrud Fort is located at 33.969N,71.338E.

History[edit]

The Battle of Jamrud between the Sikh Empire and Durrani Empire took place at Jamrud. Jamrud was a strategic location and served as a base for a cantonment of the British Indian Army during the period of the British Raj. During the military operations of 1878-79 Jamrud became a place of considerable importance as the frontier outpost on British territory towards Afghanistan, and it was also the base of operations for a portion of the Tirah campaign in 1897-1898. It was also the headquarters of the Khyber Rifles, and the collecting station for the Khyber tolls. The population in 1901 was 1,848.The place continues to be of strategic significance.

Afghan chiefs and a British Political Officer posed at Jamrud fort at the mouth of the Khyber Pass in 1878.

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